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The body on Somerton Beach - a body found in 1948 with a mysterious scrap of paper sewn into a secret pocket.

2020.09.16 22:02 FatFreddysCoat The body on Somerton Beach - a body found in 1948 with a mysterious scrap of paper sewn into a secret pocket.

From Smithsonian Mag
Most murders aren’t that difficult to solve. The husband did it. The wife did it. The boyfriend did it, or the ex-boyfriend did. The crimes fit a pattern, the motives are generally clear.
Of course, there are always a handful of cases that don’t fit the template, where the killer is a stranger or the reason for the killing is bizarre. It’s fair to say, however, that nowadays the authorities usually have something to go on. Thanks in part to advances such as DNA technology, the police are seldom baffled anymore.
They certainly were baffled, though, in Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, in December 1948. And the only thing that seems to have changed since then is that a story that began simply—with the discovery of a body on the beach on the first day of that southern summer—has bec0me ever more mysterious. In fact, this case (which remains, theoretically at least, an active investigation) is so opaque that we still do not know the victim’s identity, have no real idea what killed him, and cannot even be certain whether his death was murder or suicide.
What we can say is that the clues in the Somerton Beach mystery (or the enigma of the “Unknown Man,” as it is known Down Under) add up to one of the world’s most perplexing cold cases. It may be the most mysterious of them all.
Let’s start by sketching out the little that is known for certain. At 7 o’clock on the warm evening of Tuesday, November 30, 1948, jeweler John Bain Lyons and his wife went for a stroll on Somerton Beach, a seaside resort a few miles south of Adelaide. As they walked toward Glenelg, they noticed a smartly dressed man lying on the sand, his head propped against a sea wall. He was lolling about 20 yards from them, legs outstretched, feet crossed. As the couple watched, the man extended his right arm upward, then let it fall back to the ground. Lyons thought he might be making a drunken attempt to smoke a cigarette.
Half an hour later, another couple noticed the same man lying in the same position. Looking on him from above, the woman could see that he was immaculately dressed in a suit, with smart new shoes polished to a mirror shine—odd clothing for the beach. He was motionless, his left arm splayed out on the sand. The couple decided that he was simply asleep, his face surrounded by mosquitoes. “He must be dead to the world not to notice them,” the boyfriend joked.
It was not until next morning that it became obvious that the man was not so much dead to the world as actually dead. John Lyons returned from a morning swim to find some people clustered at the seawall where he had seen his “drunk” the previous evening. Walking over, he saw a figure slumped in much the same position, head resting on the seawall, feet crossed. Now, though, the body was cold. There were no marks of any sort of violence. A half-smoked cigarette was lying on the man’s collar, as though it had fallen from his mouth.
The body reached the Royal Adelaide Hospital three hours later. There Dr. John Barkley Bennett put the time of death at no earlier than 2 a.m., noted the likely cause of death as heart failure, and added that he suspected poisoning. The contents of the man’s pockets were spread out on a table: tickets from Adelaide to the beach, a pack of chewing gum, some matches, two combs and a pack of Army Club cigarettes containing seven cigarettes of another, more expensive brand called Kensitas. There was no wallet and no cash, and no ID. None of the man’s clothes bore any name tags—indeed, in all but one case the maker’s label had been carefully snipped away. One trouser pocket had been neatly repaired with an unusual variety of orange thread.
By the time a full autopsy was carried out a day later, the police had already exhausted their best leads as to the dead man’s identity, and the results of the postmortem did little to enlighten them. It revealed that the corpse’s pupils were “smaller” than normal and “unusual,” that a dribble of spittle had run down the side of the man’s mouth as he lay, and that “he was probably unable to swallow it.” His spleen, meanwhile, “was strikingly large and firm, about three times normal size,” and the liver was distended with congested blood.
In the man’s stomach, pathologist John Dwyer found the remains of his last meal—a pasty—and a further quantity of blood. That too suggested poisoning, though there was nothing to show that the poison had been in the food. Now the dead man’s peculiar behavior on the beach—slumping in a suit, raising and dropping his right arm—seemed less like drunkenness than it did a lethal dose of something taking slow effect. But repeated tests on both blood and organs by an expert chemist failed to reveal the faintest trace of a poison. “I was astounded that he found nothing,” Dwyer admitted at the inquest. In fact, no cause of death was found.
The body displayed other peculiarities. The dead man’s calf muscles were high and very well developed; although in his late 40s, he had the legs of an athlete. His toes, meanwhile, were oddly wedge-shaped. One expert who gave evidence at the inquest noted:
I have not seen the tendency of calf muscle so pronounced as in this case…. His feet were rather striking, suggesting—this is my own assumption—that he had been in the habit of wearing high-heeled and pointed shoes.
Perhaps, another expert witness hazarded, the dead man had been a ballet dancer?
The mystery gets stranger after the jump.
All this left the Adelaide coroner, Thomas Cleland, with a real puzzle on his hands. The only practical solution, he was informed by an eminent professor, Sir Cedric Stanton Hicks, was that a very rare poison had been used—one that “decomposed very early after death,” leaving no trace. The only poisons capable of this were so dangerous and deadly that Hicks would not say their names aloud in open court. Instead, he passed Cleland a scrap of paper on which he had written the names of two possible candidates: digitalis and strophanthin. Hicks suspected the latter. Strophanthin is a rare glycoside derived from the seeds of some African plants. Historically, it was used by a little-known Somali tribe to poison arrows.
More baffled than ever now, the police continued their investigation. A full set of fingerprints was taken and circulated throughout Australia—and then throughout the English-speaking world. No one could identify them. People from all over Adelaide were escorted to the mortuary in the hope they could give the corpse a name. Some thought they knew the man from photos published in the newspapers, others were the distraught relatives of missing persons. Not one recognized the body.
By January 11, the South Australia police had investigated and dismissed pretty much every lead they had. The investigation was now widened in an attempt to locate any abandoned personal possessions, perhaps left luggage, that might suggest that the dead man had come from out of state. This meant checking every hotel, dry cleaner, lost property office and railway station for miles around. But it did produce results. On the 12th, detectives sent to the main railway station in Adelaide were shown a brown suitcase that had been deposited in the cloakroom there on November 30.
The suitcase left by the dead man at Adelaide Station – with some of its perplexing contents
The staff could remember nothing about the owner, and the case’s contents were not much more revealing. The case did contain a reel of orange thread identical to that used to repair the dead man’s trousers, but painstaking care had been applied to remove practically every trace of the owner’s identity. The case bore no stickers or markings, and a label had been torn off from one side. The tags were missing from all but three items of the clothing inside; these bore the name “Kean” or “T. Keane,” but it proved impossible to trace anyone of that name, and the police concluded–an Adelaide newspaper reported–that someone “had purposely left them on, knowing that the dead man’s name was not ‘Kean’ or ‘Keane.’ ”
The remainder of the contents were equally inscrutable. There was a stencil kit of the sort “used by the Third Officer on merchant ships responsible for the stenciling of cargo”; a table knife with the haft cut down; and a coat stitched using a feather stitch unknown in Australia. A tailor identified the stitchwork as American in origin, suggesting that the coat, and perhaps its wearer, had traveled during the war years. But searches of shipping and immigration records from across the country again produced no likely leads.
The police had brought in another expert, John Cleland, emeritus professor of pathology at the University of Adelaide, to re-examine the corpse and the dead man’s possessions. In April, four months after the discovery of the body, Cleland’s search produced a final piece of evidence—one that would prove to be the most baffling of all. Cleland discovered a small pocket sewn into the waistband of the dead man’s trousers. Previous examiners had missed it, and several accounts of the case have referred to it as a “secret pocket,” but it seems to have been intended to hold a fob watch. Inside, tightly rolled, was a minute scrap of paper, which, opened up, proved to contain two words, typeset in an elaborate printed script. The phrase read “Tamám Shud.”
The scrap of paper discovered in a concealed pocket in the dead man's trousers. 'Tamám shud' is a Persian phrase; it means 'It is ended.' The words had been torn from a rare New Zealand edition of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.
Frank Kennedy, the police reporter for the Adelaide Advertiser, recognized the words as Persian, and telephoned the police to suggest they obtain a copy of a book of poetry—the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. This work, written in the twelfth century, had become popular in Australia during the war years in a much-loved translation by Edward FitzGerald. It existed in numerous editions, but the usual intricate police enquiries to libraries, publishers and bookshops failed to find one that matched the fancy type. At least it was possible, however, to say that the words “Tamám shud” (or “Taman shud,” as several newspapers misprinted it—a mistake perpetuated ever since) did come from Khayyam’s romantic reflections on life and mortality. They were, in fact, the last words in most English translations— not surprisingly, because the phrase means “It is ended.”
Taken at face value, this new clue suggested that the death might be a case of suicide; in fact, the South Australia police never did turn their “missing person” enquiries into a full-blown murder investigation. But the discovery took them no closer to identifying the dead man, and in the meantime his body had begun to decompose. Arrangements were made for a burial, but—conscious that they were disposing of one of the few pieces of evidence they had—the police first had the corpse embalmed, and a cast taken of the head and upper torso. After that, the body was buried, sealed under concrete in a plot of dry ground specifically chosen in case it became necessary to exhume it. As late as 1978, flowers would be found at odd intervals on the grave, but no one could ascertain who had left them there, or why.
The dead man's copy of the Rubaiyat, from a contemporary press photo. No other copy of the book matching this one has ever been located.
In July, fully eight months after the investigation had begun, the search for the right Rubaiyat produced results. On the 23rd, a Glenelg man walked into the Detective Office in Adelaide with a copy of the book and a strange story. Early the previous December, just after the discovery of the unknown body, he had gone for a drive with his brother-in-law in a car he kept parked a few hundred yards from Somerton Beach. The brother-in-law had found a copy of the Rubaiyat lying on the floor by the rear seats. Each man had silently assumed it belonged to the other, and the book had sat in the glove compartment ever since. Alerted by a newspaper article about the search, the two men had gone back to take a closer look. They found that part of the final page had been torn out, together with Khayyam’s final words. They went to the police.
Detective Sergeant Lionel Leane took a close look at the book. Almost at once he found a telephone number penciled on the rear cover; using a magnifying glass, he dimly made out the faint impression of some other letters, written in capitals underneath. Here, at last, was a solid clue to go on.
The phone number was unlisted, but it proved to belong to a young nurse who lived near Somerton Beach. Like the two Glenelg men, she has never been publicly identified—the South Australia police of 1949 were disappointingly willing to protect witnesses embarrassed to be linked to the case—and she is now known only by her nickname, Jestyn. Reluctantly, it seemed (perhaps because she was living with the man who would become her husband), the nurse admitted that she had indeed presented a copy of the Rubaiyat to a man she had known during the war. She gave the detectives his name: Alfred Boxall.
At last the police felt confident that they had solved the mystery. Boxall, surely, was the Unknown Man. Within days they traced his home to Maroubra, New South Wales.
The problem was that Boxall turned out to be still alive, and he still had the copy of the Rubaiyat Jestyn had given him. It bore the nurse’s inscription, but was completely intact. The scrap of paper hidden in the dead man’s pocket must have come from somewhere else.
It might have helped if the South Australia police had felt able to question Jestyn closely, but it is clear that they did not. The gentle probing that the nurse received did yield some intriguing bits of information; interviewed again, she recalled that some time the previous year—she could not be certain of the date—she had come home to be told by neighbors than an unknown man had called and asked for her. And, confronted with the cast of the dead man’s face, Jestyn seemed “completely taken aback, to the point of giving the appearance she was about to faint,” Leane said. She seemed to recognize the man, yet firmly denied that he was anyone she knew.
The code revealed by examination of the dead man's Rubaiyat under ultraviolet light. It has yet to be cracked.
That left the faint impression Sergeant Leane had noticed in the Glenelg Rubaiyat. Examined under ultraviolet light, five lines of jumbled letters could be seen, the second of which had been crossed out. The first three were separated from the last two by a pair of straight lines with an ‘x’ written over them. It seemed that they were some sort of code.
Breaking a code from only a small fragment of text is exceedingly difficult, but the police did their best. They sent the message to Naval Intelligence, home to the finest cipher experts in Australia, and allowed the message to be published in the press. This produced a frenzy of amateur codebreaking, almost all of it worthless, and a message from the Navy concluding that the code appeared unbreakable:
From the manner in which the lines have been represented as being set out in the original, it is evident that the end of each line indicates a break in sense.
There is an insufficient number of letters for definite conclusions to be based on analysis, but the indications together with the acceptance of the above breaks in sense indicate, in so far as can be seen, that the letters do not constitute any kind of simple cipher or code.
The frequency of the occurrence of letters, whilst inconclusive, corresponds more favourably with the table of frequencies of initial letters of words in English than with any other table; accordingly a reasonable explanation would be that the lines are the initial letters of words of a verse of poetry or such like.
And there, to all intents and purposes, the mystery rested. The Australian police never cracked the code or identified the unknown man. Jestyn died a few years ago without revealing why she had seemed likely to faint when confronted with a likeness of the dead man’s face. And when the South Australia coroner published the final results of his investigation in 1958, his report concluded with the admission:
I am unable to say who the deceased was… I am unable to say how he died or what was the cause of death.
In recent years, though, the Tamám Shud case has begun to attract new attention. Amateur sleuths have probed at the loose ends left by the police, solving one or two minor mysteries but often creating new ones in their stead. And two especially persistent investigators—retired Australian policeman Gerry Feltus, author of the only book yet published on the case, and Professor Derek Abbott of the University of Adelaide—have made particularly useful progress. Both freely admit they have not solved mystery—but let’s close by looking briefly at the remaining puzzles and leading theories.
First, the man’s identity remains unknown. It is generally presumed that he was known to Jestyn, and may well have been the man who called at her apartment, but even if he was not, the nurse’s shocked response when confronted with the body cast was telling. Might the solution be found in her activities during World War II? Was she in the habit of presenting men friends with copies of the Rubaiyat, and, if so, might the dead man have been a former boyfriend, or more, whom she did not wish to confess to knowing? Abbott’s researches certainly suggest as much, for he has traced Jestyn’s identity and discovered that she had a son. Minute analysis of the surviving photos of the Unknown Man and Jestyn’s child reveals intriguing similarities. Might the dead man have been the father of the son? If so, could he have killed himself when told he could not see them?
Those who argue against this theory point to the cause of the man’s death. How credible is it, they say, that someone would commit suicide by dosing himself with a poison of real rarity? Digitalis, and even strophanthin, can be had from pharmacies, but never off the shelf—both poisons are muscle relaxants used to treat heart disease. The apparently exotic nature of the death suggests, to these theorists, that the Unknown Man was possibly a spy. Alfred Boxall had worked in intelligence during the war, and the Unknown Man died, after all, at the onset of the Cold War, and at a time when the British rocket testing facility at Woomera, a few hundred miles from Adelaide, was one of the most secret bases in the world. It has even been suggested that poison was administered to him via his tobacco. Might this explain the mystery of why his Army Club pack contained seven Kensitas cigarettes?
Far-fetched as this seems, there are two more genuinely odd things about the mystery of Tamám Shud that point away from anything so mundane as suicide.
The first is the apparent impossibility of locating an exact duplicate of the Rubaiyat handed in to the police in July 1949. Exhaustive enquiries by Gerry Feltus at last tracked down a near-identical version, with the same cover, published by a New Zealand bookstore chain named Whitcombe & Tombs. But it was published in a squarer format.
Add to that one of Derek Abbott’s leads, and the puzzle gets yet more peculiar. Abbott has discovered that at least one other man died in Australia after the war with a copy of Khayyam’s poems close by him. This man’s name was George Marshall, he was a Jewish immigrant from Singapore, and his copy of the Rubaiyat was published in London by Methuen— a seventh edition.
So far, so not especially peculiar. But inquiries to the publisher, and to libraries around the world, suggest that there were never more than five editions of Methuen’s Rubaiyat—which means that Marshall’s seventh edition was as nonexistent as the Unknown Man’s Whitcombe & Tombs appears to be. Might the books not have been books at all, but disguised spy gear of some sort—say one-time code pads?
Which brings us to the final mystery. Going through the police file on the case, Gerry Feltus stumbled across a neglected piece of evidence: a statement, given in 1959, by a man who had been on Somerton Beach. There, on the evening that the Unknown Man expired, and walking toward the spot where his body was found, the witness (a police report stated) “saw a man carrying another on his shoulder, near the water’s edge. He could not describe the man.”
At the time, this did not seem that mysterious; the witness assumed he’d seen somebody carrying a drunken friend. Looked at in the cold light of day, though, it raises questions. After all, none of the people who saw a man lying on the seafront earlier had noticed his face. Might he not have been the Unknown Man at all? Might the body found next morning have been the one seen on the stranger’s shoulder? And, if so, might this conceivably suggest this really was a case involving spies—and murder?
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2020.09.16 08:26 SeiShonagon Review: Sing for the Coming of the Longest Night

Sing for the Coming of the Longest Night by Iona Datt Sharma and Katherine Fabian
Summary: Layla and Nat have nothing in common but the man they both date: a magical prodigy named Meraud. They don’t even like each other, understand each other, or want much of anything to do with each other. But when their mutual boyfriend goes missing in a spell gone wrong, they’ll have to learn to trust each other and themselves to get him back. They find themselves on following a trail of breadcrumbs across a magical and snow-dusted London, pulling clues from ancient churches, volumes of poetry, and Meraud’s own fey and otherworldly past. But time is running out: if Layla and Nat cannot find him before the night of the winter solstice, Meraud may be lost forever.
My thoughts: What a lovely, poignant, gentle story! A magical scavenger hunt! More diverse queer poly rep than you can shake a stick at! A delightful London wintertime aesthetic! Normally I research the hell out of the books I read, but occasionally I’ll take a chance and pick out something I’ve never heard of before. One does, admittedly, end up reading a lot of drek this way. But then one comes across a gem like this and it makes it all worth it. And without a doubt, this book is worth it.
This is a slim novella (105 pages), but by the end I felt I knew these characters, understood their hopes and fears and interpersonal relationships, better than many characters from doorstoppers. I actually finished this a few weeks ago, but I still find myself thinking about it, which is rare for me. And hey, diverse queer rep! Layla is a bi woman of color, a pathologist, and lives with her wife and two children. She cares deeply about respectability fitting in. Nat is genderfluid and Jewish. They’re very different people, with very different perspectives on queerness, identity, and their places in the world. But they both love Meraud, and that’s enough of a motivation for them to work together.
Speaking of which, I found the way the book depicts the poly relationships to be a breath of fresh air. Layla and Nat are both adults, and they act like it. They may not quite understand each other, but they both recognize that this is no reason to be mean or cruel. When Layla loses her temper after a bad day and snaps at Nat, she apologizes. For all they get on each other’s nerves here and there, they both recognize that what’s most important is getting the man they love back home safely. There’s a lot of introspection in the story, as the scavenger hunt forces them to reflect on themselves and their relationships with Meraud. But this never descends into petty jealousy. Layla and Nat both recognize that Meraud loves both of them, and Layla’s wife is fully supportive of her relationship with Meraud. Neither Layla nor Nat is trying to destroy the other’s relationship with Meraud, and the narrative never pits them against each other as competitors for Meraud’s affection. It was like balm to my love-triangle weary soul.
Further, the plot was engaging in a way I truly appreciated: brisk without feeling hectic, introspective without feeling ponderous. In the age of corona I’ll admit I’ve had a bit of trouble with high-octane, action packed books. With everything that’s going on, sometimes I just end up stressed out by the tension instead of entertained. That wasn’t a problem here. There is urgency to the story, of course: Nat and Layla are desperate to get Meraud back, and they have a steadily encroaching deadline. But I never felt stressed or anxious; there are no cliff-hangers or jump-scares or the like.
In short, the author walked a tightrope here, and did it very well. Highly, highly recommended.
For fans of: introspective fantasy, queer stories, #ownvoices, adults with mortgages and 9-5 jobs that care about each other, hopepunk, wintertime.
Bingo squares: cold setting (hard mode), optimistic SFF (hard mode), self-published SFF, romantic fantasy.
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2020.09.15 08:10 g614 Liberal Democrat candidate for Mayor of London ditched after telling Muslims not to vote for a Jew

PoliticsHome original story
The Independent
Edit: The fatal video has shown up (appalling quality in all aspects, but it was shot in 1997)
She was "suspended" by the Liberal Democrats, but it is certainly bye bye mayoralty (she was on a shortlist of two for her party), although the Liberal Democrats would not win it anyway, and almost certainly bye bye political party given that:
The Liberal Democrats believe in a modern Britain of genuine openness and equality without exception. We champion a society where everyone is treated with dignity and respect irrespective of their background, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation or any other part of an individual's identity.
She has quite the back story - she is a "millionaire businesswoman" (health food) who appeared on a show called Rich House Poor House and, among much else, described a tower block as "hell on earth", was unable to use a tin opener and refused to drink tap water.
There are rumours going round that the Conservatives kicked her out for antisemitism. (In the UK party allegiance is more fluid than in the US - my previous MP was a member of four political parties in a year, which must be a record even here).
She was prominent in the failed People's Vote campaign (that the referendum vote for the United Kingdom to leave the EU should simply be ignored, and the referendum re-run).
Edit: And she has now been fired from Open Britain, the successor campaign to People's Vote.
The cap on it all is that the video which put paid to her mayoral campaign dates from 1997; it was shot in the Blackburn constituency where she was (at the time) the Conservative candidate and the sitting MP, Jack Straw, was Jewish. (The campaign failed, although she very surprisingly got nearly 12,000 votes in a disastrous year for the Tories; President Trump apologising for something would have been more likely than a Conservative winning in Blackburn).
23 years is by far the longest fuse (between event and discovery) that I have found in a bye bye 💣
(As an aside, for some reason Panasonic washing machines and dryers with Geeta Sidhu-Robb amused me - a washing machine is harder to operate than a tin opener).
Prediction: the Conservative candidate for the mayoralty, Shaun Bailey, will also be bye bye job before the election because he is useless (in a word). To be continued, very possibly.
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2020.09.08 23:18 clemaneuverers The book, "The Protocols Of The Learned Elders Of Zion", first published circa 120 years ago, is said to be a "fabricated antisemitic text", a "hoax", a "forgery". Recent research I have done leads me to believe that this is not the case and it is actually a genuine document. Long post!

Russian edition 1912
American english edition, 1, 2
It was declared a forgery which means there was an original document somewhere.
–Eustace Mullins
First, a link to the wikipedia page for the protocols so those interested can see how much of what you're about to read is omitted from there:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protocols_of_the_Elders_of_Zion
The book in which they [the Protocols] are embodied was first published in the year 1897 by Philip Stepanov for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Professor Sergius A. Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book called The Great Within the Small and reprinted in 1905. A copy of this is in the British Museum bearing the date of its reception, August 10, 1906.
All copies that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed in the Kerensky regime, and under his successors the possession of a copy by anyone in Soviet land was a crime sufficient to ensure the owner's of being shot on sight. (source):
The best evidence of the genuineness of the Protocols is that in March, 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution took place in Russia and one of the first things done upon the Jewish Bolsheviks taking power was to destroy all copies of Professor Sergius A. Nilus’ book, The Great Within the Small, by. That book, which was first published in Tsarskoe-Tselc (Russia) in 1901, contained The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. All copies of the Protocols that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed during the Kerensky regime. The law followed by Kerensky’s communist successors to power was that the possession of a copy of the Protocols by anyone in the Soviet Union was a crime punishable by being shot on sight
...Professor Nilus was arrested by the Cheka (Russian Secret Police) in Kiev. He was imprisoned and tortured. The Jewish president of the court, told Professor Nilus that the brutal treatment he received was as retribution for "having done them incalculable harm in publishing the Protocols."
[2011] Solving the Mystery of Babylon the Great by Edward Hendrie
The attack on the Protocols in the 1920’s proved above all else the truth of their contention; it showed that the standing organization for suppressing public discussion of the conspiracy had been perfected in the intervening 120 years . Probably so much money and energy were never before in history expended on the effort to suppress a single document.
[1956] The Controversy of Zion by Douglas Reeds
In 1865 the Jewish Rabbi RZEICHORN, made a speech in Prague. The speech was published 11 years later by Sir John Radcliff, who was assassinated shortly after its publication and it became almost extinct for years. Here are a few passages;
"With Gold one can buy the most upright consiences, with Gold one can fix the value of every stock, the price of every merchandise, one can loan it to states that afterwards one holds at ones mercy.
"Already the principle banks, the stock exchanges throughout the world, the loans to all governments are in our hands. "The other great power is the press. By ceaselessly repeating certain ideas, the press in the end makes them considered as truths. The Theatre renders similair services, every where theatre and press follow our directives. By an indefatigable campaign in favour of the democratic form of government, we will divide the Gentiles amongst themselves in political parties, we shall thus destroy the unity of their nations, we will sow the seeds of discord. Powerless they will have to accept the laws of our bank, always united, always devoted to our cause.
"The possession of land has always procured influence and power. In the name of social justice and equality, we will divide the great properties; we will give small fragments to the peasents who desire it with all their heart, But who will soon be indebted to us by the very exploitation of these properties. Our capital will enable us to be the real masters.
"Let us use all force to replace the circulation of gold by that of paper; our banks will absorb the gold, and we shall decide what then what value the paper money will have, this will make us masters of every mans existence. "We will promise to the workers salaries they have never dared to dream of, but we will also heighten the price of all necessities, so much so that our profits will be even greater.
"By our jokes and attacks we will render their priests ridiculous and eventually odius, their religion as ridiculous, as odius as their priests. We shall become the masters of their souls. But above all, let us get control of education, of the schools. By them we will spread the ideas that are useful to us, and we will mold the childrens brains as we wish".
David Icke writes, in his book "The Trigger" (2019), of the above quotes from Rabbi Rzeichhorn:
Make of that what you will because I can't prove authenticity, but
(a) you have the right to be aware of this information and
(b) there can be no doubt as we observe the world that the plans laid out in the Protocols, by the Sabbatian-Frankist Illuminati and attributed to Rabbi Reichhorn have happened or are happening.
This is so patently obvious that agents of Sabbatian-Frankism, some knowingly, some dupes, have employed the usual fall-back, fit-every-situation technique of condemning as 'antiSemitic' anyone who points this out and asks any questions about the plan described in the Protocols. I am not saying this is all a 'Jewish plot' - I am saying it's a plot by the Sabbatian-Frankist Death Cult that hates and despises Jews and Judaism as it hates and despises everyone else, and that this cult is part of the wider global satanic cult that infests every culture, race and country. On Sabbatian-Frankism I am at one with rabbis such as Marvin S. Antelman and many others.
The Protocols, whatever their origin, have been dismissed as a forgery since the articles by Irish writer Philip Graves in the London Times in 1921 which were also carried by The New York Times. Graves claimed the Protocols resembled a satire on Napoleon III by French lawyer Maurice Joly called Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ('Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu') published in 1864. This is where the story usually ends. The Protocols were proved to be a forgery in The Times in 1921 - move along now, nothing to see here.
There is, however, other background to consider. Phillip Graves was a captain in British Army Intelligence who worked with 'Lawrence of Arabia', another British agent, who manipulated Palestinian Arabs to drive out the Ottoman Empire and open the way for the new Israel to hijack their land. Graves' uncle was Sir Robert Windham Graves, a British Consul in Turkey and financial advisor to the Turkish government who worked for Civil Intelligence in Cairo, Egypt.
The writer of the articles in The Times was connected to British Army Intelligence and there's more. Peter Grose, a writer with the Council on Foreign Relations, revealed in his 1994 book, Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles, that Philip Graves' 'source' for the articles was a 'Russian emigre' provided to him by ... Allen Dulles. What a coincidence. Dulles, a Council on Foreign Relations stalwart, later CIA chief and instigator of the satanic MKUltra mind control horror, 'discovered' his man while stationed at the US Embassy in post-Ottoman Turkey.
The end of the Ottoman Muslim empire (brought about by World War I) was crucial to the establishment of Israel because it included Palestine. Peter Grose said The Times extended a 'loan' to the 'emigre' on the understanding that it did not have to be paid back. An Internet commentator said of the Allen Dulles 'scoop':
This was quite an accomplishment for a young American embassy employee, to both prove the major anti-Jewish plan for world domination was a forgery as well as unilaterally keeping Lenin out of the United States so he could be transported to Russia to begin the communist revolution. Strange coincidences like this seemed to follow both Dulles brothers during their long careers in 'public service' - or should we say 'serving the Anglo-American interests headquartered in the City of London'.
Dulles and dodgy are interchangeable words and Rabbi Antelman said that the Council on Foreign Relations is America's most powerful pro-Israel lobby group and controlled by Sabbatian-Frankists.
The Times articles that trashed the Protocols were written by a British Army Intelligence operative using an unnamed source provided by the infamous liar and manipulator Allen Dulles and the source secured a loan from the newspaper he would not have to repay. Oh, nothing to question here, then. Now shut up you 'anti-Semite'!
Colin Holmes, a lecturer in economic history at the UK's Sheffield University, claimed to have identified the Dulles emigre as Michael Raslovleff, a 'self-identified anti-Semite', who gave the information to Graves because he didn't want to 'give a weapon of any kind to the Jews, whose friend I have never been'. Surely having a document circulating that was alleged to be proof of a 'Jewish plot' is what an 'anti-Semite' would want rather than seeking to trash its legitimacy? Anyway, that's some background and people will have to decide what they think.
–David Icke, "The Trigger", 2019
After reading the above from Icke I had renewed interest in the Protocols and started to do a little research.
Wikipedia is "certain" that the Protocols are a "forgery"; here is what they have to say:
Source material for the forgery consisted jointly of "Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu" (Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu), an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly; and a chapter from Biarritz, an 1868 novel by the antisemitic German novelist Hermann Goedsche, which had been translated into Russian in 1872.
Interestingly, however, when one looks up Herman Goedsche and his book Biarritz (again, on wikipedia), one reads:
In his 1868 book Biarritz, Goedsche plagiarized a book by the French satirist Maurice Joly, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu
Also "Dialogue aux enfers..." itself appears to be somewhat plagiarized:
Umberto Eco considered that Dialogue in Hell was itself plagiarised in part from a novel by Eugène Sue, Les Mystères du Peuple.
Interesting, what is going on here? But let's continue. Wikipedia says:
Identifiable phrases from Joly constitute 4% of the first half of the first edition, and 12% of the second half
[Australian researcher Peter Myer comments on the above:]
[“Cohn's (whose research the wikipedia entry makes use of) arithmetic is incorrect. The word-count of the parallel passages from the Protocols as listed by Bernstein, is 4,361, while the word-count of the Protocols is 26, 496. That is, the parallel passages comprise 16.45% of the Protocols; this is substantial, but still less than one sixth of the total.”]
So... where does the rest of the book come from?
Back to Wikipedia:
A major source for the Protocols was Der Judenstaat (1896) by Theodor Herzl, which was referred to as Zionist Protocols in its initial French and Russian editions. Paradoxically, early Russian editions of the Protocols assert that they did not come from a Zionist organization.
Stepanov is said to have published the Protocols first around the same time as Herzl's book was published. That's awfully tight timing.
Curious.
The wikipedia page makes no mention of the original Philip Stepanov publication, or Stepanov himself (big omission), but the source authors the page quotes from do. Interesting that.
Time to look into this Stepanov character.
No Wikipedia page that I can find.
The first thing I found was this:
He said that the "Protocols" was not Jewish-Masonic but a Zionist document secretly read at the Zionist Congress in Basle in 1897. (This especially is a foolish notion since an affidavit written by Philip Stepanov, the first publisher, proves that the "Protocols" was first brought to Russia two years before that Congress took place.) source
Two years before!? How can a book that heavily relies on plagiarizing from a book published in 1897, be published two years before in 1895?
I went hunting for this affidavit, and found quotes from it in another document.
A bombshell document...
...that I shall now quote from extensively (source at the end):
According to Philip Stepanov, formerly Procurator of the Moscow Synod, Chamberlain, and Privy Councillor, a copy of The Protocols was given to him in 1895 by his neighbour Maj. Alexis Sukhotin, Marshall of the town of Orel, who had been given his copy by Mlle Justine Glinka. (Sworn statement of Philip Stepanov, dated 17 April 1927).
Glinka, the daughter of a Russian general, had been in France since 1884, working for Gen. Orgevskii, secretary to the Minister of the Interior. Joseph Schorst, a Jewish member of the Mizraim Masonic Lodge in Paris, was in her employ, and offered to obtain a document which became known as The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. Schorst later fled to Egypt where he was murdered. Returning to Russia, she gave a copy of the Protocols to Alexis Sukhotin, who showed it to Stepanov and Professor Sergius A. Nilus.
In wishing to refute the later allegation that The Protocols were formulated at the 1897 First Zionist Congress in Basle, Herman Bernstein, an early debunker of The Protocols, cites Stepanov’s sworn statement, the handwritten original being reproduced in Mrs Leslie Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward. Bernstein states:
"…This account of the history of the Protocols in Russia is accompanied by a facsimile affidavit made in 1927 by Philip Stepanov, one of the two friends to whom Sukhotin first showed the Protocols in Russia. Stepanov's telltale affidavit, translated from the Russian, reads as follows:
"In 1895 my neighboring estate owner in the province of Tula, retired Major Alexey Nikolayevitch Sukhotin, gave me a handwritten copy of the 'Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion.' He told me that a lady of his acquaintance (he did not mention her name), residing in Paris, had found them at the home of a friend of hers (probably of Jewish origin), and before leaving Paris, had translated them secretly, without his knowledge, and had brought one copy of that translation to Russia, and had given that copy to him, Sukhotin.
"At first I mimeographed one hundred copies of the Protocols, but that edition was difficult to read, and I resolved to have it printed somewhere, without mentioning the time, the city and the printer; I was helped in this by Arcady Ippolitovitch Kelepkovsky, who at that time was Privy Councillor with Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovitch; he had these documents printed at the Provincial Printing Press; that was in 1897. S. A. Nilus reprinted these Protocols in full in his book, with his own commentaries.
"Philip Petrovitch Stepanov, former Procurator of the Moscow Synod Office; Chamberlain, Privy Councillor, and at the time of the publication of that edition, Chief of the district railway service of the Moscow-Kursk railway (in Orel).
"This is the signature of a member of the colony of Russian refugees at Stary and Novy Futog. "Witnessed by me, Stary Futog, April 17, 1927. "Chairman of the Administration of the Colony, "Prince Vladimir Galitzin." (Seal)
–(Herman Bernstein, The Truth About "The Protocols Of Zion": A Complete Exposure, 1971, pp. 37-40. Bernstein quotes from L. Fry's book Waters Flowing Eastward).
...there are internal indications that The Protocols date well prior to 1900-01. For e.g. a reference to "the Panama scandal" of 1888 which caused a furore in France during the 1890s. Also had The Protocols been contrived by Golovinsky ca. 1900 (see source below for more info) or at least sometime after 1896, it seems reasonable that anti-Semites would draw widely on references to Zionism, the First Zionist Congress taking place in 1897. However, there are no references to Zionism at all in The Protocols. The initial opinion of Nilus et al that The Protocols were not derived from the Zionist movement, but from a Jewish faction of Masonry, were correct.
It is particularly interesting that Cohn [historian Norman Cohn, quoted extensively in the wikipdeia entry] bases his refutation of The Protocols on the assertion that they are plagiarised from Maurice Joly’s Dialogues in Hell, and refutes the notion that The Protocols could emanate from the Alliance Israelite Universelle, yet fails to make any mention of the close association that existed between the Alliance’s Adolphe Cremieux and Joly. After all, most of the publicists for The Protocols seem to have considered the association, but Cohn, eager to nick-pick on various details, neglects refuting these most damning connections. Both Cohn and Bernstein were fully aware of Joly’s associations with Cremieux and with Masonry as stated in Mrs Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward (both mention the book) yet they say nothing of these associations. We must therefore assume that Mrs Fry’s assertions regarding Joly, Masonry and Cremieux are correct.
Whilst we shall shortly deal with the alleged parallels between passages of The Protocols and Joly’s work, we shall first deal with background of Joly that Cohn, Bernstein et al conspicuously avoid. Joly (1831-1878) had a family background in Masonry from his maternal grandfather. Studying law, he secured a post in he Ministry of the Interior. In 1860 he founded a newspaper, Le Palais, for lawyers and attorneys. The principal stockholders were: Jules Favre (Mason who served in the Gambetta Government, the so-called Government of National Defence, which arose after the fall of Napoleon III in 1870), Desmaret (Mason), Leblond (Mason), Adolphe Cremieux, Mason and head of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, a member of the Gambetta Government, of whom more later), Emmanuel Arago, Mason, serving with Gambetta), and Antoine Berryer (apparently the only non-Mason around Joly).
Joly’s politics were self-described as "socialist", with the need to accept "extreme means". With Cremieux he shared a hatred of Napoleon III. However what The Times, as well as subsequent critics of The Protocols do not mention is that Joly’s polemic against Napoleon III was itself predated by a similar work entitled Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Rousseau, which was written by Jacob Venedey and published in Berlin in 1850. Therefore, Joly was continuing a certain polemical line of thought rather than inventing it. If there are similarities between Joly and The Protocols, then there are also similarities with Venedey. All three for instance refer to the Hindu God Vishnu in parallel passages.
According to the expert testimony of Col. Fleischhauer at the 1935 Berne Trial, Joly was himself Jewish, his name having been originally Joseph Levy, Joly being concocted out of four letters of his true name. This testimony was said to have caused a sensation in the courtroom. When the plaintiffs produced a "baptismal certificate" to prove that Joly was not Jewish, it was dated December 1829, i.e. several years prior to Joly’s real date of birth according to his own account.
Since Venedey, a communist, takes a position antithetical to Joly, his champion being Machiavelli, we can see here a dialectical process in operation, that was brought to revolutionary perfection by Marx and the communists, and has arguably been used by the ‘Elders of Zion’. The dialectical strategy consists of promoting tension in society to achieve change. This includes the promotion of ideas and movements seemingly antithetical to ones own aims in the short term to advance long-range aims. Hence, the seemingly contradictory and self-destructive phenomenon of international bankers financing supposedly anti-capitalist revolutions to bring down traditional societies, as we shall see in due course. That the dialectical process is operative here can be inferred from the fact that Cremieux was the mentor of both Venedey and Joly. Hence the seemingly contradictory, antithetical positions of Venedey and Joly represent two sides of the programme of the ‘Learned Elder’.
Venedey (1805-1871) was a Jew who sought refuge in France, due to his revolutionary activities in Germany. He was removed from Paris by the police, but was able to return due to the intercession of Arago (whom we have seen was to become a stockholder in Joly’s newspaper) and Francois Mignet, both friends of Cremieux. Venedey was closely associated with Karl Marx and helped establish the Communist International, and was also active in the Masonic order Bauhutte.
Masonry, Illuminati & The Rite of Mizraim
Mrs Fry and other authorities on The Protocols have claimed that the documents were taken from a Lodge of the Masonic Rite of Mizraim, by one of its Jewish members, Joseph Schorst. Whilst this suggestion is of course rubbished out of hand by Cohn et al, once again the Protocols deniers remain strangely mute as to the role of both Cremieux and Joly in Mizraim.
Cremieux was a prominent member of Mizraim as well as Scottish Rite Masonry and the Grand Orient. Cremieux was a member of the Supreme Council of the Order of Mizraim. He also became Grand Master of the unified Grand Orient and Scottish Rite Masonry.
The Aegpytian Rite of Mizraim or Misraim was founded in Milan, Italy in 1805 and transferred to France in 1814. Mizraim is Hebrew for Egypt. Its origins reach back to the cabalistic magician Cagliostro, who was an initiate of the Illuminati. But the Misraim-Rite was (and still is) not accepted by Regular Freemasonry.
In 1862, another irregular rite, the Memphis Rite was introduced to the USA. On 4th June 1872, John Yarker introduced the Memphis-Rite to England. Under his jurisdiction, Memphis and Misraim came together. This unification was called The Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis and Misraim, or Memphis-Misraim.
In 1902 Theodor Reuss, a German espionage agent, gained sanction from Yarker to install the Scottish Rite (33 degrees) and the "irregular" MM-Rites (90 and 97 degrees) in Germany. In 1917, Reuss introduced some of the Scottish Rite and MM degrees into the Ordo Templi Orientis, an occult society founded in 1906. This OTO was to be taken over by the infamous "Black Magician" and self-declared "Great Beast 666", Aleister Crowley. Crowley, a cabalist, was to write his own manifesto for a "New World Order", which he called The Book of the Law, expounding a Nietzschean doctrine of "Force and Fire" on the ruins of Christianity. Crowley saw his movement as being a continuation of the Illuminati and counted its founder Adam Weishaupt among a long list of "saints". A major difference of course is that Crowley did not have the resources and influence of Organised Jewry.
In 1870 the Rite of Mizraim was established in England under the authority of Cremieux. Bro. Little, one of those at the founding conference of Mizraim in London, on 28 December, stated:
"…Brother Cremieux, however, as a proof of his willingness to assist, sent to the meeting his diploma as a member of the French Grand College of Rites, and this diploma was placed upon the table during the proceedings, and was examined by several out of the hundred Masons present. It was also understood that Brother C.'s diploma invested him with the power to found rites or orders recognized by the Grand Orient of France (the Rite of Misraim being one)…"
The Freemason reported that a
"Supreme Council General of the 90°, had been regularly formed here 'under the authority conveyed in a diploma granted to the Illustrious Brother Cremieux, 33° of the Rite Ecossais, and a member of the Grand College of Rites in France.'"
Bernstein and Cohn rubbish any such notion of Masonic involvement in any conspiracy, including involvement in the French Revolution. This repudiation is necessary on their part, since Masonry plays a major factor in the conspiracy expounded in The Protocols. We shall consider the role of Masonry and the Illuminati in due course. Suffice it here to cite several eminent sources that can hardly be said to be anti-Semitic. Benjamin Disraeli, the Jewish Victorian era Prime Minister of Britain and intimate of the Rothschild banking dynasty, one of the mainstays of Jewish world influence, states in terms themselves reminiscent of The Protocols:
"When the secret societies, in February 1848, surprised Europe, they were themselves surprised by the unexpected opportunity, and so little capable were they of seizing the occasion, that had it not been for the Jews, who of late years unfortunately have been connecting themselves with these unhallowed associations, imbecile as were the governments the uncalled-for outbreak would not have ravaged Europe. But the fiery energy and the teeming resources of the children of Israel maintained for a long time the unnecessary and useless struggle. If the reader throws over the provisional governments of Germany, and Italy, and even of France, formed at that period, he will recognise everywhere the Jewish element. Even the insurrection, and defence, and administration of Venice, which, from the resource of statesmanlike moderation displayed, commanded almost the respect and sympathy of Europe, were accomplished by a Jew - Manini, who by the bye is a Jew who professes the whole of the Jewish religion, and believes in Calvary as well as Sinai, 'a converted Jew', as the Lombards styled him, quite forgetting, in the confusion of their ideas, that it is the Lombards who are the converts - not Manini."
Secondly we have a remarkable statement from Leon Trotsky, the Jewish revolutionary who became commander of the Red Army and with Lenin the most powerful man in the USSR:
"It was during that period that I became interested in freemasonry. ... In the eighteenth century freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A freemason Novikov was exiled to Siberia by a freemason Empress. . I discontinued my work on freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. ... The work on freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. ... I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development.".
Note that Trotsky not only refers to Masonry as a major factor in revolutionary ferment, but how it had also infiltrated the hierarchy of the old order it was about to overthrow, and that both the Illuminati and the Italian Carbonari were involved. Yet Bernstein and Cohn dismiss such sentiments when expressed by Robison et al as "fantasy". Bernstein also opines that the Illuminati were a "rival" of Masonry and did not survive its banning by the Elector of Bavaria. As we shall see, this opinion is naïve at best.
Thirdly, Bernard Lazare traces the Jewish influence on Masonry and the Illuminati, as follows:
"…It is true of course that there were Jews connected with Freemasonry from its birth, students of the Kabbala, as shown by certain rites which survive. It is very probable too that in the years preceding the French Revolution, they entered in greater numbers than ever, into the councils of the secret societies, becoming, indeed, themselves the founders of secret associations. There were Jews in the circle around Weishaupt, and a Jew of Portuguese origin, Martinez de Pasquales, established numerous groups of Illuminati in France and gathered a large number of disciples, who he instructed in the doctrines of reintegration. The lodges which Martinez founded were mystic in character, whereas the other orders of Freemasonry were, on the whole, rationalistic in their teachings. This might almost lead one to say that the secret societies gave expression in a way to the two fold nature of the Jew, on the one hand a rigid rationalism, on the other that pantheism which… often ended in a sort of Cabalistic theurgy. There would be little difficulty in showing how these two tendencies worked in harmony; how Cazotte, Cagliostro, Martinez [de Pasquales]… were practically in alliance with the Encyclopaedists and the Jacobins, succeeded in arriving at the same end, the undermining, namely, of Christianity."
The Protocols (if obtained in 1884) refer to the Panama Canal scandal years before the scandal had become public knowledge (in 1892). Therefore whoever wrote The Protocols must have had inside knowledge of high powered financial manipulation.
We have already noted that The Protocols did not originate with the Zionist movement. This was the original opinion of Nilus and others, although subsequently modified after Zionism became an influential movement among the Jews. In fact, the majority of the most prominent figures of World Jewry were opposed to Zionism, and some Orthodox Jews are still antagonistic on the basis that Israel was not to be recreated until after the advent of the King-Messiah.
The principal allegation levelled at the supposed forgers of The Protocols is that the purpose is to foment "anti-Semitism". However, the following is a remarkable passage from The Protocols in which it is said that "anti-Semitism" serves the purposes of the "Elders of Zion" in keeping the Jewish masses herded under their leadership.
As one might say today, this seems to be something of a "protection racket". The Jewish masses are being milked of millions of dollars every year to fill the coffers not only of Israel but of numerous "Jewish defence" organisations such as the Anti-Defamation League, which continually feed the Jews the line that a pogrom or a new "Holocaust" is just around the corner if Jews don’t keep donating. Here is what The Protocols say about "anti-Semitism". It is surely a strange passage if the authors are anti-Semites wishing to incite pogroms:
"Nowadays if any States raise a protest against us it is only pro forma at our discretion, and by our direction, for their antiSemitism is indispensable to us for the management of our lesser brethren. I will not enter into further explanations, for this matter has formed the subject of repeated discussions amongst us." (Prot. IX)
There is much, much more to this story; what I have quoted above are abridged excerpts.
The full document is a fascinating read and you can read it here:
The PROTOCOLS of ZION In Context By Dr. K. R. Bolton (PDF)
"But you yourselves perfectly well know that to produce the possibility of the expression of such wishes by all the nations it is indispensable to trouble in all countries the people's relations with their governments so as to utterly exhaust humanity with dissension, hatred, struggle, envy and even by the use of torture, by starvation, BY THE INOCULATION OF DISEASES, by want, so that the goyim see no other issue than to take refuge in our complete sovereignty in money and in all else. But if we give the nations of the world a breathing space the moment we long for is hardly likely ever to arrive."
Protocol 10
The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
submitted by clemaneuverers to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.09.05 12:16 bububib567 Nabataeans of Iraq

Nabit Al-Sawad is the name that the Arabs used to call the people of southern and center Iraq who spoke the Aramaic
Sawad was the name used in early Islamic times (7th–12th centuries) for southern Iraq. It means "black land" or "arable land" and refers to the stark contrast between the alluvial plain of Mesopotamia and the Arabian Desert. Under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, it was an official political term for a province encompassing most of modern Iraq except for the Syrian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia in the north.
Nabataeans of Iraq or Nabatees of Iraq they were ancient group people who settled in middle and southern Iraq and in Ahwaz during Medieval age. they known as farmers and Aramaic language speakers. they mentioned by many medieval historians like Al-Masudi, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Nadim, Said al-Andalusi and Bar Hebraeus.
There are different views of their name. The overwhelming view said that medieval Arabs called them Nabataeans which mean planters, because their most known profession was farming. other views said because they are descendant from Nebaioth son of Ishmael. The medieval historians called them Nabatees of Iraq or Nabatees of Sawad to Differentiate them to Nabataeans who settled in Levant.
Nabataeans of Iraq were known as Aramaic native speakers. historians like Al-Masudi and Said al-Andalusi belong them to Chaldeans The people who rule region many centuries ago. Al-Andalusi said in his book Tabaqāt al-ʼUmam (Categories of Nations) That The Chaldeans are Syriacs and Babylonians, and Nabataeans of Sawad of Iraq are one of them, and they settled in middle and south of Iraq and also in al Jazira region (Upper Mesopotamia).Al-Masudi on his book At-Tanbih wa-l-'Ishraf said that Nabataeans of Iraq like many of their neighbor people from Aramns (Arameans), Nenivites, Athorees (Assyrians), Garamiqs and Ardwanees that they are descendants from Chaldeans. other historians like Ibn Habib Al-Baghdadi said that The Nabataeans are Syriacs and Kayanians and they descendant from Nabat son of Aram, son of Shem. while Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani said that they are Arabs, but because their mixture with Persians and Romans their language are mess up.
Nabataeans they were mentioned by several historians like Al-Masudi, Ibn Khaldun and Said al-Andalusi as descendants of great civilizations like Babylonia and that they are highly educated people of their time. they specializing in farming. they had many expert on farming such as Ibn Wahshiyya who write many books on farming. their main cities was Babylon, Kulwatha, Kutha, Kashkar Aqar-Qūf, Nippur, Al-Hirah and Anbar. before Islam they believe in many religions such Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Paganism and Mandaeism. because they were called as Syriacs that mean mainly of them belong to The Church of East and Syriac Orthodox Church. Medieval Arabs dislike them because their embrace to their Region or village origin more than their tribal origin, and also because they only specializing in farming not on skills of Equestrianism and duel. there a hadith attributed to Caliph Umar said: do not be like Nabataeans of Sawad, if they questioned for their origin, they answered from this village or this. while Ibn Abbas said that Quraysh descendant from Nabataeans of Iraq. according to Al-Masudi said that most of Nabataeans convert to Islam. according to Tajārib al-Umam to Miskawayh is said that Ibn Haitham was Nabataean modern historian like Ali Al-Wardi viewed that many famous Muslim scholar such as Abu Hanifa and Maytham al-Tammar that they Nabataeans by origin.
Some of their heritage
-Kufic script (Arabic: الخط الكوفي)
is a style of Arabic script that gained prominence early on as a preferred script for Quran transcription and architectural decoration, and it has since become a reference and an archetype for a number of other Arabic scripts. It developed from the Nabataean alphabet in the city of Kufa, from which its name is derived. Kufic script is characterized by angular, rectilinear letterforms and its horizontal orientation. There are many different versions of Kufic script, such as square Kufic, floriated Kufic, knotted Kufic, and others. Arabic calligraphy became one of the most important branches of Islamic Art. Calligraphers came out with the new style of writing called Kufic. Kufic is the oldest calligraphic form of the various Arabic scripts. It consists of a modified form of the old Nabataean script. The name of the script derives from Kufa, a city in southern Iraq which was considered as an intellectual center within the early Islamic period. Kufic is defined as a highly angular form of the Arabic alphabet originally used in early copies of the Qur’an. Sheila S. Blair suggests that "the name Kufic was introduced to Western scholarship by Jacob George Christian Adler (1756-1834)." Furthermore, the Kufic script plays an important role in the development of Islamic calligraphy. In fact, "it is the first style of Islamic period’ writings in which the manifestation of art, delicacy and beauty are explicitly evident" says Salwa Ibraheem Tawfeeq Al-Amin. The rule set for this writing was about the angular, linear shapes of the characters. In fact, "the rules that were defined at the outset of the Kufic tradition essentially remained the same throughout its lifespan" says Alain George.
-Keffiyeh or Kufiya (keffiyeh from the city of kufa)
belongs to Kufa (a city in Iraq) which means Shemagh, Ghutrah, hattah, chaiyeh, ormashadah, is a traditional headdress of West Asian country like Iraq. Keffiyeh has a fascinating history dating back to Sumerians and Babylonians in Mesopotamia (West Asia) in 3100 BC.
of their scientists:
Ibn Wahshiyyah the Nabataean (Arabic:ابن وحشية النبطي), ʾAbū Bakr ʾAḥmad bin ʿAlī (fl 9th/10th centuries) was a Nabataean alchemist, agriculturalist, farmtoxicologist, Egyptologist, and historian born at Qusayn nearKufainIraq.He was the first historian to be able to at least partly decipher what was written in the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, by relating them to the contemporary Coptic language.
-The Nabataean Agriculture
In agriculture, the Filahât al-Nabâtiyyah (Nabataean Agriculture) of Ibn Wahshiyya is the most influential of all Muslim works on the subject. Written in the third/ninth century and drawn mostly from Chaldaean and Babylonian sources, the book deals not only with agriculture but also with the esoteric sciences, especially magic and sorcery, and has always been considered to be one of the important books in Arabic on the occult sciences. _S.H. Nasr
Ibn Wahshiyya translated from Nabataean the Nabataean Agriculture (Kitab al-falaha al-nabatiya; c. 904), a major treatise on the subject, which was said to be based on ancient Babylonian sources. The book extols Babylonian civilization against that of the conquering Arabs. It contains valuable information on agriculture and superstitions, and in particular discusses beliefs attributed to the Sabians – understood as people who lived before Adam – that Adam had parents and that he came from India. These ideas were discussed by the Jewish philosophers Yehuda Halevi and Maimonides, through which they became an influence on the seventeenth century French Millenarian Isaac La Peyrère.
Ibn Wahshiyya was one of the first historians to be able to at least partly decipher what was written in the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, by relating them to the contemporary Coptic language used by Coptic priests in his time. An Arabic manuscript of Ibn Wahshiyya's book Kitab Shawq al-Mustaham, a work that discusses a number of ancient alphabets, in which he deciphered a number of Egyptian hieroglyphs, was later read by Athanasius Kircher in the 17th century, and then translated and published in English by Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall in 1806 as Ancient Alphabets and Hieroglyphic Characters Explained; with an Account of the Egyptian Priests, their Classes, Initiation, and Sacrifices in the Arabic Language by Ahmad Bin Abubekr Bin Wahishih, 16 years before Jean-François Champollion's complete decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs. This book was known to Silvestre de Sacy, a colleague of Champollion. Dr Okasha El Daly, at University College London's Institute of Archaeology, claims that some hieroglyphs had been decoded by Ibn Wahshiyya, eight centuries before Champollion deciphered the Rosetta stone.
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2020.08.30 22:17 SibelthzU What family background story have you proved not to be true?

This is like the American tale: "Oh yeah I have Native American ancestry and then they take a DNA test and they're 99.9% European".
It's not that I know for a fact that it isn't true, it just seems unlikely, like they made it up.
This is the story:
I'm Nicaraguan, both of my parents and my grandparents on both sides are Nicaraguans as well. Now, my great grandfather on my dad's side was British and Costa Rican, he was the son of a London taxidermist and a lady from Costa Rica —of whom I actually have the longest tree branch, dating back to one of the first Spanish colonizers in Costa Rica back in the 1500s—. His father was said to have Jewish ancestry. That either his mother or grandmother was Jewish.
I've been working on our family tree and traced it back to the late 1700s, to his grandparents on both sides, and it doesn't seem to be any family member of Jewish ancestry or any Jewish last names, at least. I've only found typical English last names like Underwood (my last name), Dodd and Cater.
I don't know why they would have made that up, but anyways, I think it was a lie.
In any case, I think I'm more likely to have Sephardic ancestry through my Spanish ancestors, because his last name was Jiménez which is a patronymic name that comes from Shimon, later Ximeno, later Jimeno.
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2020.08.30 09:53 sardarbhagat Fifty people who have affected Hindus and Hinduism in a negative way – Francois Gautier

In a recently posted article on François Gautier’s website, he lists the names of 50 people who can be described as enemies of Hindus and Hinduism. He says that he created the list, which is incomplete, without malice aforethought.
Here is the list, 50 Biggest Enemies of Hindus (Dead or Alive), including the reasons he gives to justify his choice of enemies — Editor
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, who along with a few hundred men, stood his ground against the most powerful emperor of his times, has practically no place in Indian history books and is often described as a petty chieftain or even a plunderer. So is Maharana Pratap, the only Rajput who fought against the Mughals and actually defeated Akbar in Haldighati.
Hindus tend to merge and melt wherever they live—and in the process, lose some of their identities and togetherness. And finally the most deadly and vicious intellectuals that we have reviewed above, are Hindus most of them. They are the ones that should be targeted, in a non-violent but firm manner. – Francois Gautier, 13 June 2016. The list has been edited by a staff writer at Newsgram and again by the editor of Bharata Bharati. See the original here.
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2020.08.28 19:18 IdolA28Augl Its G-ay Millionaire Da-ting Nh

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2020.08.28 15:00 DarthEquus The History of Medicalized Circumcision Part 2: 1885-1899

The History of Medicalized Circumcision Part 2: 1885-1899
In this brief period, circumcision rapidly transformed from an experimental procedure of antiquity into a nearly unquestioned cure-all for every ailment imaginable. Doctors also began to scrutinize the possible applications towards women as well.
In reference to the promotion of genital cutting by men like Remondino, Hutchinson, Johnson, Freeman, Lehman, and others, Jonathan Cohen (2011) wrote: "one of the most fascinating stories of the institutionalization of medical male circumcision is the discursive use of the Jews as racial proof of the benefits of circumcision, with a complete ignorance of sociological factors."

1885: ~10% of the American male population is circumcised

1887 Lewis Sayre, after promoting preventative circumcision for almost 20 years, finally limited his circumcision advocacy to therapeutic circumcision only rather than "indiscriminate" circumcision. His idea of therapeutic circumcision did still mean overdiagnosing infantile phimosis, but this was still an enormous improvement from his previous influential recommendations of totally non-therapeutic, preventative circumcision. [On the deleterious results of a narrow prepuce and preputial adhesions Trans. Ninth Internat. Med. Congress]
1887 M. A. Rust addressed circumcision in writing about the history of cultural mutilations:
"There is not a single tribe of savages on the face of the globe who do not disfigure parts of their bodies, and hardly a part of the body susceptible of disfigurement which has not been disfigured. This is not done in accordance with individual fancy, but in strict conformity to inexorable tribal rule.
Ornamentation lies at the root of many, but not of all of these mutilations. A great number of them entail such an amount of suffering and torture that, in order to establish them, to enforce submission and co-operation, potencies awful and mysterious must have been at work, striking fear into every individual heart. Once established, the obligation became as automatic as the daily walks of an ant.
Circumcision is the most ancient and widely spread mutilation in existence, and it is practiced in all the five parts of the world, though to the greatest extent in Asia, Africa, and among the savages of Australia. Of civilized nations we note about one hundred and thirty millions of Muhamedans, and about ten millions of Jews, and the Christians of Abyssinia. It was practiced in Mexico at the time of the conquest of Cortez, and, according to the accounts of modern travelers is still in use among Indian tribes in Nicaragua and on the Amazon.
No wonder that the origin of a mutilation so barbarous, so repulsive, and, at the same time, so widely spread and so tenaciously adhered to should have so repeatedly formed an object of inquiry and speculation. Muhamed found circumcision already an ancient usage among many of the Arabian tribes; he took it up for reasons akin to those for which Paul dropped it. It had prevailed, since time immemorial, among the Abyssinians, when they embraced Christianity. Travelers who make inquiries among savage tribes generally obtain for answer that it is a tribal custom which has always been; they cannot conceive why other reasons should be demanded."
[Mutilations. Gaillard's Medical Journal v. 45.]
1887 Angel Money writes:
"There can be no doubt of [masturbation's] injurous effect, and of the proneness to practice it on the part of children with defective brains. Circumcision should always be practiced. It may be necessary to make the genitals so sore by blistering fluids that pain results from attempts to rub the parts."
[Treatment of Disease In Children, Philidelphia: P. Blakiston, 1887. p.421.]
1888 John Harvey Kellogg (yes, the cereal guy) promoted irrational fear of masturbation and "spermatorrhoea." For girls, he warned that masturbation caused breast atrophy, uterine cancer, and insanity. He recommended circumcision and other surgical punishments for both boys and girls to punish and discourage masturbation. He also wrote positively of cauterizing the clitoris with acid to alleviate masturbation in girls. It's notable and often forgotten that he was promoting cutting the genitals of older children rather than infants. He wrote positively of the Jewish practice but also noted its tendency to scar the meatus (meatal stenosis). He advanced the propaganda that ancient genital surgery had always been performed for health. He also advocated the use of male chastity belts. The next entry after circumcision is castration as if to imply it was also the next genital surgical option should circumcision fail to produce the intended result. Like Kellogg, Hutchinson had also suggested castration as the next and more extreme option to cure masturbation.
"In younger children, with whom moral considerations will have no particular weight, other devices may be used. Bandaging the parts has been practiced with success. Tying the hands is also successful in some cases; but this will not always succeed, for they will often contrive to continue the habit in other ways, as by working the limbs, or lying upon the abdomen. Covering the organs with a cage has been practiced with entire success. A remedy which is almost always successful in small boys is circumcision, especially when there is any degree of phimosis. The operation should be performed by a surgeon without administering an anæsthetic, as the brief pain attending the operation will have a salutary effect upon the mind, especially if it be connected with the idea of punishment, as it may well be in some cases. The soreness which continues for several weeks interrupts the practice, and if it had not previously become too firmly fixed, it may be forgotten and not resumed."
"In females, the author has found the application of pure carbolic acid to the clitoris an excellent means of allaying the abnormal excitement, and preventing the recurrence of the practice in those whose will-power has become so weakened that the patient is unable to exercise entire self-control."
[Results of Secret Vice and Treatment for Self-abuse and Its Effects in Plain Facts for Old and Young, Burlington, Iowa, F. Segner & Co. — a longer excerpt from this work]

Chastity belts for boys and girls
1889 Peter Remondino, a San Diego physician and promoter of snake oil read his "A Plea for Circumcision; or, the Dangers that Arise from the Prepuce" at the meeting of the Southern California Medical Society.
"The subject of the paper was itself suggested by a long and personal observation of the changes made in man by circumcision. From the individual observation of cases, it was but natural to wish to enlarge the scope of our observation and comparison; this naturally led to a study of the physical characteristics of the only race that could practically be used for the purpose. This race is the Jewish race. On carefully studying into the subject, I plainly saw that much of their longevity could consistently be ascribed to their more practical humanitarianism, in caring for their poor, their sick, as well as in their generous provision for their unfortunate aged people. The social fabric of the Jewish family is also more calculated to promote long life, as, strangely as it may seem, family veneration and family love and attachment are far more strong and practical among this people than among Christians, this sentiment not being even as strong in the Christian races as it is in the Chinese or Japanese. … Actual observations show them [the Jews] to be exempt from many diseases which affect other races; so that it is not only that they recover more promptly, but that they are not, as a class, subjected to the loss of time by illness, or to the consequent sufferings due to illness or disease, in anything like or like ratio with other people. There is also a less tendency to criminality, debauchery, and intemperance in the race; this, again, can in a measure be ascribed to their family influence, which even in our day has not lost that patriarchal influence which tinges the home or family life in the Old Testament. Crimes against the person or property committed by Jews are rare. They likewise do not figure in either police courts or penitentiary records; they are not inmates of our poor-houses, but, what is also singular, they are never accused of many silly crimes, such as indecent exposures, assaults on young girls…."

1890: ~15% of the American male population is circumcised

1890 Herbert Snow, a London surgeon published a 57-page book, one of the first intactivist volumes of the modern era. He called for "the abolition of an antiquated practice involving the infliction of very considerable suffering upon helpless infants; and sanctioned, on very questionable grounds, by men of eminent authority.
"No sane man who possessed the advantages of a sound and entire prepuce would willingly sacrifice it without just and sufficient cause being shown."
[The Barbarity of Circumcision as a Remedy for Congenital Abnormality. London: J. & A. Churchill.]

The Orificial Surgical Society

1890 The Orificial Surgical Society "was founded by Edwin Hartley Pratt, a surgeon at the Cook County Hospital in Chicago. The organization was largely concerned with orifices below the waist, and provided training for surgery of the prepuce, clitoris, and rectum, the latter organ being given special emphasis. It was obsessed with the idea that most diseases were caused by tightness of the preputial or anal sphincters. … By the 1920s many of the member physicians had their licenses revoked." —Wallerstein Circumcision: An American Health Fallacy 1980:38 — See also: Rutkow IM. Edwin Hartley Pratt and orificial surgery: unorthodox surgical practice in nineteenth century United States. Surgery. 1993. and Moments in surgical history: orificial surgery. Arch Surg. 2001.
1890 William D. Gentry declared that phimosis in men and uterine disorders in women caused insanity, blindness, deafness, dumbness, epilepsy, paralysis and criminal behavior adding that "the genitals of either male or female are the centres of the nervous system". [Nervous derangements produced by sexual irregularities in boys. Trans American Institute of Homeopathy. v.43.]
1890 Jonathan Hutchinson wrote that the foreskin encouraged masturbation and "adds to the difficulties of sexual continence" and can even cause insanity. For evidence of the latter point, he pointed to the case of an anonymous surgeon committed to an insane asylum for compulsive masturbation. Adult circumcision was useful, he wrote, for breaking men of the habit of masturbation, but early childhood circumcision was ideal in his opinion. In closing, he wrote: "Measures more radical than circumcision would, if public opinion permitted their adoption, be a true kindness to many patients of both sexes" referring to the difficulty of getting the general public to accept the idea of doctor's electing to sterilize patients without their consent. [On circumcision as preventive of masturbation. Arch Surgery.]
1890 A review of Pogorelsky's Ritual circumcision of the Hebrews stated:
"As regards the predisposition to the acquirement of neuroses, the foreskin plays the same part in the male as the ovaries in the female." Sayre traced reflex paralysis and contracture of the lower extremeties; Erichsen, spasmodic diseases, to congenital phimosis.
Further, hypochondriacal persons with inclination to commit suicide, individuals who suffer from uro-paraplegia, nervous tremor, chorea minor, neuralgia, hysteria, hallucinations and paresis have been cured by circumcision.
Although circumcised persons contract gonorrhea more easily than uncircumcised, yet syphilis less often; the sexual desire is less in the former, hence crimes against morality are rarer."
Review of Pogorelsky M. Ritual circumcision of the Hebrews in The Medical Times. v.17. 1890.]
1891 Peter C. Remondino published a book of circumcision activism in which he vilified the foreskin at length as a malign influence and "moral outlaw." Repeating the false circumcision-prevents-masturbation meme, Remondino wrote, "the practice of [masturbation] can be asserted as being very rare among the children of circumcised races." According to Remondino excising foreskin would not only discourage boys from masturbating, but immunize them against tuberculosis, cancer, syphilis, polio, idiocy, forgetfulness, impotence, unwanted erections, wet dreams and just about any medical problem you cared to mention.
"The prepuce seems to exercise a malign influence in the most distant and apparently unconnected manner: where, like some of the evil genii or sprites in the Arabian tales, it can reach from afar the object of its malignity, striking him down unawares in the most unaccountable manner; making him a victim to all manner of ills, sufferings, and tribulations; unfitting him for marriage or the cares of business; making him miserable and an object of continual scolding and punishment in childhood, through its worriments and nocturnal enuresis; later on, beginning to affect him with all kinds of physical distortions and ailments, nocturnal pollutions, and other conditions calculated to weaken him physically, mentally, and morally; to land him, perchance, in jail or even in a lunatic asylum. Man's whole life is subject to the capricious dispensations and whims of this Job's-comforts-dispensing enemy of man."
[Remondino PC. History of Circumcision… moral and physical reasons for its performance… and of the different operations practiced upon the prepuce Philadelphia: F. A. Davis. 1891.]
1891 Jefferson C. Crossland writes that:
"In consequence of circumcision the epithelial covering of the glans becomes dry, hard, less liable to excoriation and inflammation, and less pervious to venereal viruses. The sensibility of the glans is diminished, but not sufficiently to interfere with the copulative function of the organ or to constitute an objection...It is well authenticated that the foreskin...is a fruitful cause of the habit of masturbation in children... I conclude that the foreskin is detrimental to health, and that circumcision is a wise measure of hygiene."
[The Hygiene of Circumcision. NYMJ. 1891;53:484-485.]
1892 Circumcision was not the only proposed cure for masturbation. Some physicians such as David Yellowlee detailed another version of punitive and supposedly therapeutic preputial infibulation:
"Some direct operative interference, which shall prevent masturbation and show him that he can live without it, may be of much service. The best form of such interference is so to fix the foreskin that erection becomes painful and erotic impulses very unwelcome. To accomplish this, the prepuce is drawn well forward, the left forefinger inserted within it down to the root of the glans, and a nickel‐plated safety‐pin, introduced from the outside through skin and mucous membrane, is passed horizontally for half an inch or so past the tip of the left finger, and then brought out through mucous membrane and skin so as to fasten outside. Another pin is similarly fixed on the opposite side of the prepuce. With the foreskin thus looped up any attempt at erection causes a painful dragging on the pins, and masturbation is effectually prevented. In about a week some ulceration of the mucous membrane will allow greater movement and with less pain, when the pins can, if needful, be introduced into a fresh place."
It should be pointed out that Yellowlee's advocacy of infibulation was not limited to the treatment of inmates in lunatic asylums, and was, in fact, directed at parents, whose duty, he declared, was to prevent their children from adopting ‘the secret vice’.
[In Tuke DH ed. A Dictionary of Psychological Medicine. Vol. 2. London: J&A Churchill, 1892: 784 – 6]
1893 Mark J. Lehman claimed Jewish boys were healthier. He noted it was "an open question" whether tuberculosis, cancer, syphilis, and "scrofula" were not "one and the same disease," and whether "such a simple measure as general circumcision" would not be the answer to all "insidious and filthy diseases." He called for immediate universal circumcision of all male infants. [A plea for circumcision. Medical Review.]
1893 An unnamed author for The Journal de Medicine de Paris provided a look into popular thought of the day on female circumcision (meaning only non-excisive incision here) writing:
"A certain Dr. Morris, of Boston, the land of Yankee notions, has discovered an ingenious method of making the most waspish and shrewish women models of gentleness and modesty. He proves by statistics that eighty out of one hundred American women of Aryan origin in New England have the gland of the clitoris adherent, in part or totality, to the prepuce. The result of these adherences is an imperfect development of the gland, and to this is due a weakness of sexual desire and various nervous perturbations. These troubles are dependent, in the first place, on an irritation of the terminal branches of the erectile nerves of the gland brought on by the adherences, and in the second place to irritation caused by the retention of smegma. This double irritation leads to masturbation, to the perversion of sexual desire, and finally to reflex neuroses.The preputial adherences of the clitoris are, according to Dr. Morris, the only and direct cause of the reflex neuroses from which thousands of New England women suffer, and he adds: "We can now understand how the most irritable young girl, the one who is most disagreeable and hysterical, may be made gentle, charming, and become endowed with a thousand feminine graces, by the simple rupture of the bands that bind down the clitoris [clitoral incision]." The therapeutic deduction is perfect, and we do not doubt that all husbands in New England who have shrewish wives will now employ Dr. Morris to break up these adhesions of the clitoris, and bring peace to many a suffering Boston household."
[Adherent Clitoris in all Shrewish Women. Cincinnati Lancet-Clinic. Translated from J Med Paris.]
1894 Peter C. Remondino claimed circumcision would curb the "predisposition" of black men to rape white women. Remondino's proposal was supported by several medical journals including the Maryland Medical Journal and the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal (now the New England Journal of Medicine).
"From our observations and experience in such cases, we feel fully warranted in suggesting the wholesale circumcision of the Negro race as an efficient remedy in preventing the predisposition to discriminate raping so inherent in that race. We have seen this act as a valuable preventive measure in cases where an inordinate and unreasoning as well as morbid carnal desire threatened physical shipwreck; if in such cases the morbid appetite has been removed or at least brought within manageable and natural bounds, we cannot see why it should not—at least in a certain beneficial degree—also affect the moral stamina of a race proverbial for the leathery consistency, inordinate redundancy, generous sebaceousness and general mental suggestiveness and hypnotizing influence of an unnecessary and rape, murder and lynching breeding prepuce."
[Negro rapes and their social problems. National Popular Review vol. 4 p. 3.]
1894 Darby (2005) wrote: “eleven boys confined in a Kansas mental institute were castrated for persistent masturbation.” When the press was critical of this, "the Kansas Medical Journal defended the institute's action” writing “this abuse weakened the already imbecile mind and destroyed the body” (Darby, 2005).
1895 Charles E. Fisher, a homeopathic doctor, wrote:
"In all cases in which male children are suffering nerve tension, confirmed derangement of the digestive organs, restlessness, irritability, and other disturbances of the nervous system, even to chorea, convulsions, and paralysis, or where through nerve waste the nutritive facilities of the general system are below par and structural diseases are occurring circumcision should be considered as among the lines of treatment to be pursued."
A like rule obtains with reference to female children. In general practice the sexual organs in both sexes should be carefully examined by the general practitioner in early infancy, and at various times throughout child-life, with reference to the correction of deformity or unnatural conditions that may be present. ...the clitoris is often firmly bound down by an adherent hood; numerous reflexes arising therefrom. It has become quite the rule the examine the sexual organs of male children at or soon after birth, but, on the other hand, it is equally the rule to neglect to examine girl babies. As children of the weaker sex grow their more delicate nervous systems begin to show the effect of genital irritations, and many a case of chorea, confirmed headache, nervous jactitations, paralytic weakness, unusual irritability, melancholia or other abnormal state of the nervous system long remains uncured because of the failure to make careful examination of the condition of the genitalia and relieve irritations and adhesions at this site."
[A Hand-Book On The Diseases of Children And Their Homeopathic Treatment. Chicago: Medical Century Co. 1895]
1895 Edgar J. Spratling began his article explaining that part of the great evil of masturbation was that it might lead to being sodomized in an insane asylum. He advocated tight circumcisions to prevent the skin from being able to move, a natural feature of the human penis which facilitates masturbation. If not tight circumcision, cutting the nerves to the penis could also be used to blunt the individual's sexuality, and he advocated that surgery as well, but it was a more delicate surgery compared to circumcision.
"In women the road to its cure is an endless and monotonous journey, for nothing short of ovariotomy will be found to deserve even the term palliative; clitoridectomy, anatomically and physiologically, could be but a failure, blistering [i.e., cauterization is] only [a] cruelty. Among men the case is not so hopeless, for there anatomy is partly in the operator's favor [meaning male erogenous sensitivity is easier to destroy]. Of the treatments we might speak of blistering the glans penis, but only to condemn it as an uncalled for cruelty; the possible beneficial effect is so transient, while the untoward effect is often so lasting upon the patient mentally in the way of a feeling of resentment, that it is doubtful if one could ever justify such a proceeding. Complete section of the dorsal nerves of the penis (as I have previously advocated) is a rational procedure, but rather too radical for constant routine practice. The cases require the greatest care in the selection for this operation, and even then with all due care one will generally have to encounter the most strenuous objections and later the bitterest reproach and condemnation from the patients and from their relatives—though the object sought may have been obtained [at the expense of causing penile numbness and impotence]. [In cases of masturbation] circumcision is undoubtedly the physicians' closest friend and ally.
"To obtain the best results one must cut away enough skin and mucous membrane to rather put it on the stretch when erections come later. There must be no play in the skin after the wound has thoroughly healed, but it must fit tightly over the penis, for should there be any play the patient will be found to readily resume his practice not begrudging the time and extra energy required to produce the orgasm. It is true, however, that the longer it takes to have an orgasm, the less frequently it will be attempted, consequently the greater the benefit gained.
"The younger the patient operated upon the more pronounced the benefit, though occasionally we find patients who were circumcised before puberty that require a resection of the skin, as it has grown loose and pliant after that epoch."
[Masturbation in the Adult. Med Rec.]
1895 T. Ritchie Stone strongly advocated circumcision for all male infants in his pro-surgery review. [Circumcision. Maryland Med J.]
1896 An editorial in a scientific journal lists reasons for circumcision as everything from bed wetting to elephantitis.
"Local indications for circumcision: Hygienic, phimosis, paraphimosis, redundancy (where the prepuce more than covers the glans), adhesions, papillomata, ecaema (acute and chronic), oedema, chancre, chancroid, cicatrices, inflammatory thickening, elephantitis, naevus, epithelioma, gangrene, tuberculosis, prepupital calculi, hip-joint disease, hernia. Systematic indication: Onanism [masturbation], seminal emissions, enuresis [bed wetting], dysuria, retention, general nervousness, impotence, convulsions, hystero-epilepsy."
[Medical Record, Circumscisus, Medical Record, vol. 49 (1896): p.430.]
1897 S. G. A. Brown of Pennsylvania repeated the same Semitophillic sentiment as Remondino:
"The Jews, who perform this operation on the eighth day after birth, are, from actual observations, known to be exempt from many diseases which afflict other races. Their children are hardy, and grow up to manhood and womanhood strangers to disease, perfect in body, sound in mind, and with a morality above condemnation. It is rare that they figure in silly crimes, police or divorce courts. That an appendage like the prepuce which under various conditions, as phimosis, short frenum or preputial adhesions, is the leading factor in the production of enuresis, dysuria, impotence, calculi, cancer, syphilis, phthisis or various other reflex neuroses, can be considered as a natural physiological appendage, is absurd in the extreme. In order to render the rising generation healthy, mentally morally and physically, we must pay attention to this redundant tissue, and advise its early removal. Fully three-fourths of all male babies have abnormal prepuces."
[A Plea for Circumcision. J Orificial Surgery quoted in The Medical World]
1898 T. Scott McFarland of Missouri reported on the circumcision of a two-year-old girl with precocious puberty and anomalous symptoms of irritation. In closing he added that he had "circumcised as many girls as boys, and always with happy results." Note that circumcision meant prepucectomy for either sex until the 1980s. The more severe form of genital cutting more familiar to people today as female circumcision/FGM meaning clitoridectomy was then called "[clitoral] excision" or the oddly overgeneralized, "operative procedure". [Circumcision of girls. J Orificial Surgery.]
1898 Edwin H. Pratt wrote:
"The condition of the foreskin of boys has received more or less attention, at least since the days of Moses, who is reported to have inaugurated the practice of circumcision of the male portion of the human race. But the girls have been neglected. Without presuming to pose as their Moses, I do feel an irresistible impulse to cry out against the shameful neglect of the clitoris and its hood, because of the vast amount of sickness and suffering, which could be saved the gentler sex, if this important subject received proper attention and appreciation at the hands of the medical profession.
All up-to-date doctors realize the importance of the proper condition of the foreskin in the male and of securing it during infancy. The foreskin must be completely loosened, if it is too long amputated and if it is too tight slit open, in order to avoid the dangers of infantile convulsions, of hip-joint disease, of kidney disease, of paralysis, of eczema universalis, of stammering, of dyspepsia, of pulmonary tuberculosis, of constipation, of locomotor ataxia, of rheumatism, of idiocy and insanity, and of lust and all its consequences. But the poor girls, who have an organ called the clitoris, anatomically corresponding to the penis of the male, with a hood corresponding to the foreskin of the male and just as sorely in need of [surgical] attention, and just as prolific of mischief when neglected as the corresponding parts of the male, have been permitted to suffer on in silence. The same list of diseases which have their start in nerve waste caused by a faulty foreskin in the male is duplicated by the female sex from identically the same cause, in addition to other troubles peculiar to the female organization from which, of course, the male are exempt, and yet it goes on almost entirely unrecognized. Chorea, so frequent in young girls, chlorosis, which comes a little later on, and hysteria, which is also a common affliction, in addition to the same diseases from which boys whose foreskin have been neglected are liable to suffer, have their organ almost invariably in faulty conditions of the hood of the clitoris. It is such a simple matter to secure a normal condition of the hood and its clitoris, and its neglect is fraught with so much and such serious mischief to the gentler sex, that the sin of omission which is being constantly and everywhere committed is painful to contemplate. Doctors are not easily educated out of their beaten tracks.
So let both sexes have a start in life and be entirely freed from the sexual self consciousness which inevitably comes from impinged nerve fibres about the clitoris and its hood as well as at the glans penis and its foreskin. ... A vigorous sympathetic nervous system means health and long life. What surgical interest have we in this fact? It can be told in just one sentence. The weakness and the power of the sympathetic nerve lies at the orifices of the body. Surgery must keep these orifices properly smoothed and dilated."
[Circumcision of Girls. J Orificial Surgery.]
Women suffering from \"hysteria\"
1898 N. Bergman wrote of "punishing" a chronic masturbator with circumcision:
"Clarence B. was addicted to the secret vise practiced among boys. I performed an orificial operation, consisting of circumcision... He needed the rightful punishment of cutting pains after his illicit pleasures."
[Report of a Few Cases of Circumcision. Journal of Orificial Surgery, vol. 7 (1898): pp.249-251.]
1898 Emmet L. Holt advocated for circumcision under the following reasoning:
"Circumcision should be done if phimosis exists, and even where it is not, the moral effect of the operation is sometimes of very great benefit."
[The Diseases Of Infancy And Childhood. New York: D. Appleton. 1897:696-698.]
1899 Denslow Lewis, a Chicago gynecologist, presented evidence for the benefits of female circumcision (prepucectomy) at a meeting of the AMA in 1899. In “a large percentage” of women who failed to find marital passion “there is a preputial adhesion, and a judicious circumcision, together with consistent advice, will often be successful.” He treated 38 women with circumcision reporting “reasonably satisfactory results in each instance.” [The Gynecologic consideration of the sexual act]

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2020.08.25 14:43 FIArrari Throwback to the Caterham - Forza Rossa deal in 2014, in which Ecclestone played a big role (Very long read)

This is the story (or the mess) surrounding the Caterham - Forza Rossa deal in 2014. The story is very entangled. I translated this because I feel the effects of F1 withdrawal and maybe, for some of you, will kill the time til Friday. Added some parts of mine too. Lots of politics, corruption. It's a godamn thriller.
I will not do a TL;DR because it simply cannot be done more than the title says. If you have trouble sleeping, read it. AND READ THE NOTES AT THE END FIRST
The ties are maintained by greedy ministers, controversial oligarchs, dentists who have become trusted people, floor washers turned overnight into Directors of Formula 1 teams, plus two key figures: Bernie Ecclestone, the 83-year-old with a fortune of nearly $5 billion, and Victor Ponta, Romania's 42-year-old prime minister (ages in 2014), passionate about motorsports. One of the most influential people on the planet, Ecclestone is turning his favorite toy, Formula 1, to eastern Europe in search of new sources of income, regardless of color and smell. Ponta needs such a toy for which he is willing to pay, but not out of his own pocket.
Old Romulus Kolles, real name Colesnic, laughs at the rumor that he was Ceausescu's dentist. "I was a mechanic, I finished Polytechnic." His son, Calin, or Colin as he is known in Formula 1, with whom he emigrated in the 1980s to Germany, is a dentist by profession, but for a while he works as a "firefighter" in the sport transformed by Bernie Ecclestone in his own business. He saves teams," says the proud father. For the past 9 years, Colin has been director of Jordan, Midland, Spyker, HRT F1 Team and Force India. Of those, only the last one still existed in 2014 in Formula 1, and Kolles' reputation certainly is not one commensurate with his father's praise.
The story begins with the two Kolles, or Colesnic, as you prefer, because they hold the key to Romania's entry into Formula 1. They are the turntable between Ecclestone and the crew supported by Victor Ponta.
Let's go back in time by 10 years.
The ProSport reporter asks: "How did your son get into Formula One?"
"I can't tell you.", Romulus Kolles said, but fatherly pride takes control of the tongue: "A Russian billionaire came to visit us. We asked him to do a Formula 3 team and he said he will not do that. He said to Colin: . My son bought Jordan . The Russian locked his son in a room with all the papers. For months, he checked all the papers. Then he took Jordan and... This Russian had a Ukrainian partner, a university professor. He didn't like Formula 1. The Russian was a smart man. A smart Jew. I'm not Jewish, but I esteem them."
The Russian billionaire Kolles senior is talking about is Alex Shnaider, a Canadian billionaire born in Leningrad 43 years ago but settled in Toronto after his family initially emigrated to Israel. A business partner with Donald Trump, Shnaider bought the Jordan team in 2004 for $60 million, and Kolles was appointed director. The first Russian Formula 1 team launched their car in Moscow's Red Square and scored 12 points in 2005. In 2006, renamed Midland F1 Racing, the team did not produce any more points, and at the end of the year the Russian-Canadian businessman exited Formula 1, selling the team/spot for $102 million. $42 million more in less than two years!
Alex Shnaider has a fortune estimated by Forbes at $1.5 billion in real estate and metallurgical industry. Kolles senior is right. In 2004, Shnaider had a Ukrainian associate, Eduard Sifrin, a university professor. Meanwhile, the two broke business ties. Sifrin remained with 1.6 million square meters of commercial, residential and hotel spaces in Russia, and Shnaider took over the business part of Canada and the Dominican Republic.
Like other Russian oligarchs, Shnaider got rich overnight in President Boris Yeltsin's tenure from the privatisations of the remaining industrial colossus legacy after the breakup of the USSR. Coincidentally or not, the marketing director of Midland F1 Racing was named Boris Yeltsin junior, grandson of the former Russian president.
Shnaider's image is not impeccable. He was accused of giving hundreds of thousands of dollars to Moscow police to put pressure on a business partner. Islamist media speak of his ties to Mossad, the Israeli secret service, and conspiracy theorists suspect the recruitment of two major pawns in the collapse of the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2001.
What was Alex Shnaider, a controversial billionaire, doing in the Kolles family home in 2004? Colin was involved in several Formula 3 projects, but nothing of the scale sought by Shnaider. The explanation came right out of Bernie Ecclestone's mouth: "I feel a little guilty that I advised Shnaider to buy Jordan," the Formula 1 master said in February 2006. So the billionaire visited the Kolles family on Ecclestone's advice. But what relationship did the Romanian-Germans have with the most influential man in motorsports to be recommended by the man nicknamed El Supremo?
According to the statements, Kolles is handled by Ecclestone, a disclosure containing a significant dose of conflict of interest and influence peddling. Why does the F1 boss need a team director that he places as a chess pawn in some hot areas of the phenomenon?
Bernie Ecclestone is the emperor who has been leading Formula 1 since the late '70s, the auto-moto version of Sepp Blatter, the FIFA president increasingly accused of corruption in recent years. The son of an English goon, a former director of the Brabham Formula 1 team, Ecclestone built his position in sport by controlling TV rights: 47 percent of the money went to the teams, 30 percent to the FIA, and 23 percent went into the F1 boss's pocket.
"Abuse of influence in Formula 1 is huge. It's a lot of business. You know, it's not what you see on TV that's Formula 1. There are other things, many. If I wrote a book about what's in there, you'd be scared." - Romulus Kolles, November 2014.
In 2006, the investment giant CVC Capital Partners bought all Formula 1 Group shares, including Bernie Ecclestone's share, from the market. After trying to bribe the officials of the German bank Bayerische Landesbank to sell their shares to CVC, the head of F1 bought shares in the newly established firm Alpha Prema that controls the Grand Circus.
During the trial, Ecclestone was accused of bribing three team executives, Eddie Jordan, Alain Prost and Tom Walkinshaw, $10 million each to sign the new TV rights agreement.
Accused by German prosecutors of paying $44 million in bribes to Gerhard Gribkowsky, a former director at Bayerische LB, Ecclestone escaped conviction by paying $100 million to Bavaria. During the trial, Gribkowsky told investigators that Ecclestone had tricked the British IRS by avoiding paying nearly $1.5 billion in taxes, a third of his estimated wealth in 2013.
A possible explanation for tax evasion ignored by the UK authorities can be found in a case in 1997 under Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair.
The Blair government's drastic tobacco advertising policy suffered a sudden sweetening after a secret donation by Ecclestone to the Labour Party. Ecclestone needed major F1 tobacco sponsors and had ways to get government favors, too. Health Minister Tessa Jowell, later secretary of state for sports, was also involved in the scandal. Her husband had worked for Ecclestone. Following British media pressure, the Labourists revealed they had received a £1 million donation from Ecclestone. Tony Blair publicly apologized for the scandal, but lied about making the decision. After the term ended, the internal memos from 10 Downing Street showed that the change in tobacco advertising policy was taken immediately after meeting Ecclestone.
17 years after the scandal in which he took the Prime Minister and the Social Health Worker in the UK, the head of F1 turned to the Social Democrat government in Romania. In December 2013, Ecclestone announced the opening of the Formula 1 gates for new teams. In the first wave of registrations appeared Forza Rossa, a project led in plain sight by Ion Bazac, a former Minister of Health, with controversial relations inside the Social Democrat Party from Romania, and supported from the shadows by Prime Minister Victor Ponta through the current Minister of Health, Nicolae Bănicioiu. The interface between Ecclestone and the Romanian part is provided by Colin Kolles. "In the FIA app, Colin's name appears because he got all the approvals from Ecclestone," reveals Romulus Kolles, father of the "firefighter" Colin.
Here are the main events in 2013-14. It helps us to better understand the behind-the-scenes of the case.
December 2013: Ecclestone announces FIA awaits new teams in Formula 1
February 2014: A delegation led by Nicolae Banicioiu, Minister of Youth and Sport of Romania, meets in Geneva with FIA representatives
April 2014: Ecclestone announces the filing of the files of two teams: HAAS and Forza Rossa, and says the FIA wants to accept them.
June 2014: Ecclestone says the new projects submitted have been accepted by the FIA.
June 2014: Forza Rossa announces that the team director will be Colin Kolles.
July 2014: Romulus Kolles is appointed director of Caterham Sports Limited.
July 2014: Constantin Cojocar, a former footballer at Steaua Bucharest, arrives at the Caterham factory in Leafield, who is employed as a carer. Cojocar was hired to clean the factory.
July 2014: 40 employees at the Caterham factory in Leafield are sacked by new investors and are suing the company.
September 2014: Cojocar is appointed director and sole shareholder in Caterham in place of Romulus Kolles.
October 2014: Cojocar officially introduces Caterham into insolvency.
October 2014: Although Colin Kolles denies he is behind Cojocar, and Engavest announces that he has sold Caterham, the former footballer admits that his boss is Kolles.
October 2014: The international media takes possession of Cojocar's statements before the Supreme Court in London in which he says the Caterham factory is going to draw and build cars for Caterham and Forza Rossa. Kolles is suspected of wanting to secure Caterham's assets for Forza Rossa at a reduced price.
October 2014: Forza Rossa announces that it has nothing to do with Kolles' involvement at Caterham and that he is still awaiting official confirmation from the FIA regarding his participation in the 2015 F1 season.
November 2014: Caterham does not participate in F1 races in Austin and Interlagos. Marussia is in the same situation.
November 2014: Court administrators at Caterham claim they have received offers to sell the F1 team.
November 2014: FIA announces the provisional list for the 2015 season. Forza Rossa wasn't on the list. The final list is expected to be announced on November 30, the date by which new teams must pay $518,000.
November 2014: Caterham's judicial administrators launch a fundraising campaign for the team to participate in the last race of the season in Abu Dhabi. In the first 24 hours, they raise £400,000, and Bernie Ecclestone condemns the initiative.
And now, let's dive deeper into this complicated story
On 2 June 2014, renowned F1 journalist Adam Cooper wrote that the FIA had accepted the Forza Rossa dossier, a team to be led by Ion Bazac, "the president of a consortium of private and state investors whose reason is to promote Romania's interests and which has the support of the government". Immediately after this information emerged, Bogdan Sonea, marketing director of Forza Rossa, told the romanian website Gandut that the project is "entirely private".
Things don't add up. At the end of February, the then Minister of Youth and Sport, current Minister of Health, Nicolae Banicioiu, had met with representatives of FIA in Vallery, near Geneva. The reason for the visit was, according to another renowned journalist, Joe Saward, to present the file to FIA engineers led by technical director Bernard Niclot.
If the project is "entirely private," what did a minister look for visiting the FIA to expose the technical details of some Formula 1 car? If the answer is "promoting Romania's interests", then why the information that Nicolae Banicioiu is lobbying for a project of national interest did not appear on the Ministry's website?
If Banicioiu is the "right hand" of the current Socialist Democrat Party leader Victor Ponta, the man who runs the project, Ion Bazac, is a businessman brought into politics in 2000 by former Socialist Democrat Party chief Adrian Nastase, who also recruited Ponta politically.
A former Employee of the World Bank, Bazac is a capitalist who has fallen at one point into the clutches of social democracy. He has several apartments in Monaco, has Ferrari's franchise for Romania and Moldova and runs his business with his wife Camelia through the holding company Forza Rossa, an offshore firm that has the registration address in a mailbox in Nicosia, Cyprus. Ion Bazac and Camelia Bazac have an estimated fortune of 15-16 million euros by Forbes magazine. Both were doctors, but in 2005 they were granted the right to import the Ferrari brand into Romania.
In June, all Forza Rossa employees declared, black on white, that the project would be led by Colin Kolles. On October 30, after the start of the ProSport investigation, they said: "We have no agreement with Colin Kolles at the moment." Untrue! According to Romulus Kolles, Colin is listed in Forza Rossa's application at the FIA.
But what links Ion Bazac and Colin Kolles, Ecclestone's trusted man? According to Joe Saward, if he enters Formula 1, Forza Rossa will use the technical facilities of the Kolles family in the Bavarian town of Greding. From here Romulus and Colin Kolles coordinate the activities of their Lotus Kodewa team in the World Endurance Championship.
The key is Lotus, the British manufacturer of cars and motorcycles. The Kolles family is the official Lotus importer, Ion Bazac is also the official Lotus importer. In 2012, Bazac, the Romanian businessman opened the world's first Lotus Originals store in Monte Carlo, and the ribbon was cut by Prince Albert of Monaco himself.
Therefore, the team suspected of fueling the money of Romanian citizens, Forza Rossa submitted its application for entry into Formula 1. But what is the participation cost?
Given that it's a small team, the spending is comparable to those at Caterham. The British team's latest accounting balance shows that in 2012 spending on a season was $73 million: $27 million on staff costs, $27 million on research and $19 million on administrative costs. If Forza Rossa wanted to build a team from scratch, tens of millions of dollars were added at the end of the line for the car and equipment. If, however, the Romanian project takes over the assets of another team, the costs decrease. How competitive a team can be that competes with slow cars taken from others and repainted is another discussion. In Formula 1, small teams know their place, but money has to flow.
Coincidentally, in June, after Ecclestone announced acceptance of the Forza Rossa project, Colin Kolles, the man who is to become the team's director, returned to Formula 1 as an advisor to Caterham, a team bought by Engavest, a mysterious "Swiss-Arab" company. Hence begins the fast moving of the events leading to the conclusion that the British team Caterham was sacrificed by Ecclestone to make way for the Romanian low cost project supported by Victor Ponta, the Romanian Prime Minister.
To resume it a bit: Colin Kolles' first move was the appointment of his father, Romulus, as director. Then was Constantin Cojocar, a former team-mate of Hagi at Steaua in the spring of 1988, former bus station chief in Brasov, who posted a CV on the Internet announcing that he wanted an unskilled worker position abroad. Coming to the Caterham factory in Leafield as a caretaker, Cojocar became a director and shareholder of the firm in just one month, in place of Kolles senior, while another 40 employees, mainly engineers, were fired. The fired officials immediately sued the company.
In a discussion with ProSport reporters on 31 October 2004, Romulus Kolles revealed that he had paid three Romanians, including former footballer Cojocar, to spy on employees at the Caterham factory. A few days later, Kolles senior told ProSport: "We kicked 40 employees out because there are 300, sir, and they do nothing except drink coffee all day. I have written data, I have information. There's pictures of them sitting for coffee instead of producing. Yes, it was a an easy life at Caterham. One night there were over 80 people on the computers and sometimes the power went out and they didn't do anything. In England, you get paid after you produce."
After finishing his job as a "carer" and "spy", Cojocar was appointed director by Colin Kolles – a fact recognized in an interview for ProSport – and put the company into insolvency. According to financial experts consulted by ProSport, insolvency is a perfectly legal way to reduce a company's liabilities. Caterham had debts of 23 million debts and if someone from the outside who wants to take over the team at a reduced price manages to infiltrate the company, insolvency is the cheap solution.
The situation was summed up at the end of October 2014 by Racecar Engineering, the world's leading motorsport technology magazine: "Caterham is now on sale, and all the pieces Forza Rossa needs will be sold at a low price."
Definitely, Forza Rossa will compete with already used cars, let's call them secondhand. "Romania does not have the technology to build a Formula 1 car. If Forza Rossa intended to do this, we would have found out from the distributors. The cable part comes only from the US, UK or France, tanks are made only in the UK, gearbox in the UK or Austria. No one has given any signal in the market that they want new products," British journalist Sam Collins explained.
At the Supreme Court in London, Constantin Cojocar, the newly appointed director of Caterham, said: "I bought Caterham Sports with the intention of drawing and building cars for Caterham and Forza Rossa." "He bought" = he was named by Colin Kolles as director. The problem is that the "Romanian investors" who had to pay down Caterham's debts stopped paying, Cojocar argues. (what happened was that soon after the Prime Minster of Romania said the Government isn't involved in any way and no public money were to be spent, official papers submitted to FIA were published by the media. The Prime Minster himself and one Minster from his Cabinet have signed the papers and they committed to invest public money into the team. The day after, Forza Rossa made an official statement saying that they need another call of confirmation from FIA - they already had the file approved, this was just the bailout -. Ofc, the new confirmation didn't came, FIA didn't needed to do it again. So Forza Rossa didn't paid the entry fee).
This is where the corruption that Kolles senior was talking about comes into action again. Having prepared Plan A at Caterham, Colin Kolles and the people at Forza Rossa can easily turn to plan B. Even C or D. The financial crisis in Formula 1 allows them.
The surprise could've come from the Russian team Marussia who had just announced that they were severing their work and laid off 200 employees. According to F1 specialists, Marussia is a cheaper option than Caterham, where Kolles is fighting former owner Tony Fernandes. "By the first tests in 2015 there are 10 weeks left, and the Marussia is slightly better than Caterham. The important work on the Marussia MR03 model is already done. Adaptations for the Ferrari engine, transmission, regular chassis, aerodynamic tests. Kolles has nothing to do but a discreet redesign. He's done that before with the HRT F1 team. Caterham uses Renault engines. If Forza Rossa wants Ferrari engines, working on Marussia chassis will be easier," says Sam Collins. Outside the Marussia plan, Kolles has two other options: Sauber and Force India, teams that were in great financial difficulty. Marussia is a bargain, the other two cost.
Mid November 2014, FIA announced the provisional list of teams for 2015. Caterham and Marussia were on the list, but no Forza Rossa. At this point, Romanians decided to back down because everything transpired in the media. With an approved file to join, they took the easy way out. They didn't paid the entry fee of $518.000 by November 30.
Constantin Cojocar was targeted by an investigation in the UK following the events. Last thing I knew about it was from 2016. I have no idea what happened to him.
NOTES
\this is a translation of the investigation work made by the journalist Costin Stucan*
\I have modified the text to give it more sense, but I haven't changed the narrative*
\A lot of the article has been cut because it involved too much politics and corruption*
\Even if I cut like 25% of the article, there's till much politics involved. Because that's how F1 works. If I would've removed it completely, this would had zero logic*
\There are 4 or more articles about this matter. The interview with Cojocar is very good. He is a simple and ... quite stupid individual. So he told everything with a sincerity of a 5 years old child. If you are interested in that, let me know and I will translate*
\First events regarding Jordan and the entering of Kolles occur in ~2004. The Forza Rossa story is ~2013-2014. Don't get confused by that. You will get confused anyway by the names*
\If any mistakes slipped in or if it's something that you cannot understand (doesn't make sense), let me know and I will sort it out. On such a long text, I am sure I fucked up many times*
\Even if everything colapsed in a mater of hours, 50M EUR were transferred from Romania to some Swiss account for Forza Rossa's beginning in F1. No one knows anything about the whereabouts of the money.*
\I might do more edits on the text for formatting or other grammatical errors. I'm sorry, English is not my native language and I've never studied it. I've learned it on my own and I lack a lot of stuff still.*
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2020.08.25 05:14 Orpherischt Monolith

This document is an attempt at an executive summary of my activity here - in essence, an attempt to answer the question:
'what is this and what are you doing here?'
I have written multiple essays and posts that attempt to introduce the topics at hand from various perspectives and directions - this is the latest foray.
It is 4am local time where I am at the moment, so I don't intend to complete this piece now. It, as with others like the Spellbinder tutorial (still not complete) will grow over some days as my attention allows. The initial component will be relatively short and to the point.
The focus on this forum began and remains the study of language and meaning, and the potential of 'hidden' semantics lurking beneath the lexicon of English (primarily) and those languages that contributed to it's development. This hypothesized hidden meaning or meanings being encoded via gematria (ie. alphabetic numerology), in tandem with other facets of language such as etymology, metaphor, allegory, innuendo, and word-plays such as vowel-shifting, and consonantal roots and their drift.
The title of this piece, Monolith, hints at my overarching primary theory: that at it's core, Language carries a singular root of 'truth' - that there is a hidden message, or protocol, or understanding, lurking within the lexicon, to be found by those willing to delve for it.
Call it hubris if you will, but I believe that what is dubbed 'the Holy Grail' and/or the 'Philosopher's stone', is that message, and it is not to be found within this or that Cathedral catacomb, or Temple shrine, or forgotten tomb, but is continually being passed around - unwitting - from speaker to listener, and from writer to reader, all the time, every day.
I suspect that while indeed the words and structure of any language carries an outer meaning, understood by all those familiar with it, and which allows them to achieve their everyday tasks, and communicate their practical intentions and desires - that the language is also a carrier signal, upon which this 'grail' or 'alchemical stone' is transmitted.
I see, in the canonical catchphrase, 'read between the lines', or the ostensibly rhetorical question 'what is in a name?', clues to this possibility.
I was prompted to write this article because of this headline:
https://science.slashdot.org/story/20/08/24/1959234/a-tiny-space-rock-holds-clues-about-the-evolution-of-life
A Tiny Space Rock Holds Clues About the Evolution of Life
... which caused me, upon reading it, to smile to myself, because it chimes nicely with the notions I have about this research and my hypotheses thereof.
If you've been reading along here for a while, you know I've been working with the Arthurian myth as a touchstone (and I don't use the word 'touchstone' lightly). A key component of the Arthurian tales is the notion of the True King pulling the Sword from the Stone, and I've documented many times that (in alphabetic gematria):
...and that...
The Greek word for alphanumeric encipherment is 'isopsephy', which has at it's etymological root the notion of the 'pebble', the counting stone.
Meanwhile, the like Hebrew tradition is called 'gematria', which has been interpreted multiple ways (which I've dealt with in many other writings), but contains, naively, the word 'gem' (ie. crystal / stone / rock ).
A rock is a crystal matrix... and the 'matrix code' of The Matrix films refers to a world built in code.
So - what is a Monolith?
Most people, hearing that term, will likely picture the great black slab from the film 2001: A Space Odyssey. Many are familiar with the notion that the appearance of this monolith, in terms of the film, acted as an evolutionary primer - that it's appearance to the apes of long ago began the movement towards increasing intelligence and beginnings of tool-wielding, and thus technology itself. It may be viewed as an analogy of the Promethean Fire given to man.
The first appearance of the Monolith began the mental journey of the Ape towards the 'unnatural' - removing him from a purely animal state and leading to the flowering of the abilities of examination and 'new application' of the environment and it's contents.
The second appearance of the monolith, in 'modern times' continues this evolution, and takes technology-wielding man to the next level, ultimately leading to the enigmatic 'starchild'.
One might argue that the first appearance, that to the Apes, required nothing more than simple fact of the monolith itself appearing to the observing creatures. For the first time, they saw a 'crafted thing', square, perfect, and 'not of this world' (ie. something unexpected and unlikely and completely out of their experience). Arguably, no other impetus was necessary - no sound, strange mind-control frequency, or such like, was needed to begin the first phase. The simple appearance of something made, and not grown or fundamental (such as the ground upon which they walked) was enough to provoke 'using' and 'making'.
The second appearance of the monolith, to modern technological man, featured a deafening high pitched sound that touched the hearts and minds of those present (or perhaps one alone, and specifically, to the quick).
This additional impetus was necessary because man, at the technological level, was already familiar with cubic forms and 'crafted things'.
Reviewing the headline linked above, and asking a question of the lexicon via perhaps some of the most important (relatively) well-known ciphers:
A Tiny Space Rock Holds Clues About the Evolution of Life
Q: what kind of rock?
"A Space Rock" = 303 jewish-latin-agrippa
This is a match, in what I deem is perhaps the major cipher we might use to access this 'code' (at least within English), for:
...and which happen to match:
Ideas are transferred from mind to mind via words and symbols. Some ideas are more viral than others, but they spread like a virus all the same.
See this post from a while back called 'The Language Virus', based on a song from the 80's called 'Language is a Virus'.
It also matches:
... which is a figure of speech. When I say that the lake is smooth as glass, I have created a simile. I have described something by relating it to something else.
The simile is closely related to the metaphor and the allegory - the metaphor being slightly more obtuse or 'poetic', we might say, compared to the simile, but which nonetheless relates one thing to another for descriptive purposes.
Numerologically-speaking, the number 303 is an avatar of 33.
... which is the most naive possible cipher we might construct.
Every word (ie. spell) in the lexicon of a language is a name - a title given to some thing, or some action or some relationship. All names encode meaning.
The human spine, the core of the skeletal scaffolding of a person, has 33 vertebrae.
The study of meaning is the study of...
ie. another code-33, which includes a trailing circle.
The circle is used, in the 'modern' sphere to represent the letter O, or the zero. The word zero, if you look it up, has close connections with the word 'cipher'. I personally take the appearance of a zero as representing a sigil of the circle. It implies the encipherment of 'that which goes in circles' - like disorganized (or perhaps very organized) conversation or argument.
...
So, what is the definition of the word 'monolith'?
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/monolith
Borrowed from French monolithe, from Latin monolithus (“consisting of a single stone”), from Ancient Greek μονόλιθος (monólithos), from μόνος (mónos, “single, alone”) + λίθος (líthos, “stone”); synchronically, mono- +‎ -lith.
A single stone.
I argue, a philosopher's stone. A stone containing a sword, named Excalibur (ie. X-calibrate)
"Sword" is an anagram (ie. contains the same letters, swizzled) of "words", and as mentioned elsewhere, when speaking mythologically, the finest swords undoubtedly come with magic runes running down the blade, and sometimes a gem or two is embedded in the hilt or pommel.
The word 'lith' (ie. lit, stone) glitters within the words 'literature' and 'light'. A prism is a crystal that refracts light into a spectrum of colours and tones.
See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithograph
The word 'tones' is an anagram of 'stone' - and also of 'notes' (and this art of anagrams, I deem, is a major component, amongst others, of the spell-play required to decode the hypothesized hidden message).
Mono implies One... One Stone. One Message. One hidden signal. The singularity.
...and...
...while...
Thus, while not being the only avenue of research here, perhaps the most important to me is that of attempting to decode a single notion, concept, idea or protocol underlying all language.
You might have heard of the following terms:
These are various names for 'cryptolects' or 'secret languages', hidden means of communication or of conveying ideas.
Some people might consider subsets of that list above to be separate things - and indeed, they may very well refer to different techniques or understandings of certain practitioners - but I argue they should all be grouped together as ultimately constituting the shards of a single crystal.
The Dark Crystal, to be particular - an occult gem. (*)
You might be familiar with the ideas spoken of in the Bible, regarding the Tower of Babylon ( or Babel ), the fall of which is synonymous with the 'confusion of tongues' when God splintered the languages of mankind in order that they not achieve feats beyond their station.
This theme was taken up in the 2016 film Arrival (also a major touchstone in my own studies) in which 12 alien spaceships appear over different countries of the world (in 'modern' times), and gift humanity with 12 separate pieces of a singular geometric language, written in the form of Ouroboros-like circles (reminiscent, it must be said with the Corona of the sun, the Halo after which the Coronavirus is named). It is then up to the nations of earth to overcome their differences and work together to put the puzzle together. It turns out that learning the language of the aliens modifies the human brain such that it begins to perceive time differently, and the main character, the lead linguist of the story, gains the ability to view the future and the past simultaneously. (*)
You've probably heard the phrase, "speaking in circles".
The idea of the intentionally splintered language, to me, is a clue that we have to look beyond just English alone as the substrate of the hypothesized message - and this naturally implies examining the etymological roots of all languages.
It is a theory of mine that many 'sci-fi' movies set in the future or near-future, are allegories of things that happened already long ago - for example, the film Avatar, I believe is a retelling of the Garden of Eden story, and of the 'fallen angels' and of the 'sullying of mankind' (the main character is named Sully, after all). The giant trees represent the Cedars of Lebanon, and a key component in that story is the ability of the natives to commune via organic hivemind.
Similarly, I suspect that the film Arrival is telling us that our own languages are already thus-encoded - that the 'arrival', has already happened, and that there is a message, or a treasure to be found therein.
Anyway - these avenues perhaps read as overly-fanciful notions to be chasing, and it is not my thesis, or intention, or hope to gain time-viewing abilities or create a hive-mind (though I would not necessarily be against such possibilities, nor do I discount them entirely) - but nonetheless - I suspect that something is there to be found - and I believe that it is within language that it is most likely to be found.
Here is the cover of a book, of which I own a copy. It's title is:
The Alphabet: A Key to the History of Mankind
I take that title very seriously, in ways that most people will not.
I have come across statements by other esoteric investigators, to which I generally agree, that the root of all occultism, all alchemy, all witchery and other forms of mystical arts, is to do with, A) the 'nature of the world', and B) the 'nature of man' (ie. biology and the mind).
One particular lens through which I've done much examination of the alphabet codes is that of the Cycle of Life - the notion of a procreation code: an 'instruction set for Adams and Eves', as it were - and this has borne much fruit (ha!).
Many people are familiar with the "matrix code" of the Matrix films, though they are unaware that the original Latin word 'matrix' means pregnant female. If you rewatch the film with that knowledge - all sorts of symbolism makes much more sense.
In key alphabetic ciphers:
...and having a baby involves dealing - more so than usual - with ...
What is it that fertilizes the grazing grounds of the cattle, and enables the growth of the next generation?
That said, naughty innuendo I suspect to be a major key, enabling access to the central biological aspects of the coded message.
... while pluralizing...
These two numbers, read as years AD, will be a familiar to many. The Great Fire of London occurred in 1666, while the founding of the United States of America, which I argue is simply Amor-ica (ie. the Land(ing) of Love), happened in 1776.
1776 was also the year the historically-acknowledge Bavarian Illuminati was founded by Adam Weishaupt.
We note that:
The cycle of life involves death, obviously, and that is another aspect which I suspect the codes have lots to say about, but being mostly averse to the morbid, I've not strayed too far down that road. Other investigators of alphabetic codes spend a lot of time examining the possible ritual deaths of celebrities and politicians with regards to planned alphabetic assassination (or perhaps the faking of death to assume new identities). Much of this material is interesting and intriguing, but hardly, I think, the core message of the Monolith.
Monolith @ One Writing
So - this document will expand - like a pregnant woman, laden with meaning - but I hope that so far it provides the beginnings of a means to interpret my usual, much more confusing and number-laden writings.
Thanks for reading.
PS. I intentionally waited to 3:14 am UTC to post this piece, since it represents pi, symbolic of the mathematics of the circle, which is perhaps one of the major gateway notions to understanding what is going on with language.
It is perhaps an enigma machine, each word consisting of a set of cogs that can be rotated. Shift a vowel here, drift a consonant there, and you have a new word - but perhaps, I'd argue, one entirely related to the original - one leaf on the tree of language is related to the others nearby - and ultimately all those leaves sit upon branches which coalesce down to a single trunk and a deep tap root.
PPS:
  • "Space Rock" = 711 trigonal 1331 squares
  • ... .. .. ... .. .. ( "The Writings" = 1331 trigonal )
When I see the word 'space', my mind goes often to 'speculation'...
The number 711, as I've written elsewhere is - due to the oddities of the Gregorian calendar - synonymous with 911, since these days, September is the 9th month, but it's name (and history) tells us that it was once the 7th month. ie. September is the 7-ember: the fire of 7. Moreover one might see the duality of fire and shadow, since we might read September as 7-umber. In the same fashion we can read the word 'number' itself as "n-umber", or "in-umber" (ie. in shadow). The numbers are hidden in the shade of the letters.
The calendar also provides what we might read as clues (and certainly provides 'ritual leeway') in that the date written 9/11 in the US is written 11/9 in most other places, and...
  • "The Mirror" = 119 in the reverse alphabetic cipher.
What do you get if you read 119 backwards?
  • "Church" = 911 squares
  • ... "Society" = 911 trigonal
  • "Countdown to the Garden of Eden" = 911 primes ( "Coronavirus Conspiracy" = 911 primes )
You might have heard the Bible quote:
On this rock I will build my church.
The word 'rock' is built upon the consonantal root RK (think: rook @ chess castle), which if you reverse it, gives you KR (ie. Kore or Core).
ie. the root of things.
  • "The Root" = "Tradition" = "Accurate" = "Count" = 393 jewish-latin-agrippa ( = "Regular" )
  • ... ( "Accountancy" = "Survive" = 393 primes )
  • ... .. .. ( "The Symbol" = 393 primes )
  • "The Starchild" = 393 primes
Of the space rock:
A Tiny Space Rock Holds Clues About the Evolution of Life
Using the definite article (ie. 'the'):
  • "The Tiny Space Rock" = 617 primes
  • ... ( "The Official Narrative" = 617 primes )
  • ... .. ( "Textbook" = 617 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. .. ( "Recommendation" = 617 english-extended )
Back in 2012, a team of Japanese and Belgian researchers in Antarctica found a golf ball-sized space rock resting in the snow. Now, NASA astronauts have had a chance to study a piece of that meteorite, Asuka 12236, and they say it may hold new clues about the development of life.
The number 12236 contains centrally, the number 223.
[...] meteorite, Asuka 12236, and they say it may hold new clues about the development of life.
  • "Development of Life" = 555 primes
  • ... ( "The Great Symbol" = 555 primes )
  • ... .. ( "The Turn of Time" = 555 primes )
...and not forgetting:
  • "Entertainment" = 555 jewish-latin-agrippa
Surely you are aware of how all the Hollywood movies use phone numbers beginning with 555?
... ( see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/555_(telephone_number) )
If we simplify the spell, 'the development of life' closer to it's core components, we have:
  • "Life Development" = 919 english-extended
  • ... ( "Great Pattern" = 919 english-extended )
... which is an inversion, in the same cipher, of ...
  • "The Secret" = "Pattern" = 616 english-extended
  • .... ( "Perfect Number" = 616 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. .. ( "Number" = "The Law" = 616 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. .. ( "Garden of Eden" = 616 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. .. ... ( "The Key Principles" = 616 primes )
The number 616 might be the original Biblical 'Number of the Beast', known to most as the familiar number 666 - since the oldest known papyrus snippet of the original text contains the former number. (*)
Again:
[...] meteorite, Asuka 12236, and they say it may hold new clues about the development of life.
Note that the word 'development' contains the particle 'Eve'.
In terms of the name of the space rock - without augmentation by 'A' (as used earlier in this document), we get:
  • "Asuka" = 302 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "Space Rock" = 302 jewish-latin-agrippa
The number 32 is that of..
  • "Life" = "Eve" = 32 basic alphabetic ( Life @ File )
So... good evening to you, and a welcome sonrise.
Örpherischt
Extra notes:
Rotating the enigma machine - quoting from my Spellbinder tutorial:
You may have heard of the Great Vowel Shift:
This 'event' represents a major historical change in the use of vowels within the English Language, but I prefer to view it as a clue, indicative of an ongoing tradition of vowel shifting as a component of the 'Green Language' (arguably another name for the Language of the Birds, an esoteric tradition of understanding and using language to hide double-meaning).
Hence, one takes a word or phrase, and removes the vowels, experimenting with replacing them with other vowels, and seeing what new words appear:
  • Bird @ BRD @ Brooding @ Bearded @ Bard @ Bride @ Breed @ Bread
Then one can perform consonantal drift (of which perhaps continental drift is a metaphor):
  • Bird @ BRD @ [ D is a voiced T ] @ BRT @ Bright @ Bart @ Breitbart
One important such example:
  • Church @ ChRCh @ [ Ch hardens to K ] @ KRK @ Kerk @ Crack @ CRK @ GRG @ Gorge @ Greg-orian
Or another example combining vowel and consonant rotation:
  • Snake @ SNK @ Sneak @ Snack @ Sink @ [ K is an unvoiced G ] @ [ silencing of G ] @ Sing @ Singe
Links and Reference:
One cannot be ... told.. what the Matrix is. You have to see it for yourself
Here is a recent attempt at a document that may aid people in beginning the journey of examining the ideas of 'spell-casting'.
Here is my oldest and original attempt at an introduction to the topic.
Here is a short essay on interpreting 'numeric loadings' found within words and phrases, and here is another slightly longer one.
Here is my second major attempt at an introduction.
Here is yet another (when meaning is circular, and when we talk in circles, there is no obvious starting point)
Here is another attempt at discussing the 'reading of the code'.
Here is an essay about the possible 'intentions' behind the code, presuming they exist.
Here is a collation of various theories and thoughts about how the alphabetic codes might have been constructed, or the thoughts that might have been on the minds of the original hypothetical architects (perhaps a bit complicated as a starting point)
Here is one of a number of poems I wrote wherein each line has at least two 'loaded' numbers' encoding into it - to prove that everyday human beings are capable of such feats.
Here is an index to all my pages dedicated to specific numbers.
Here is the contents page of my wiki.
Here is a disclaimer to the arts of spell-casting and interpretation.
Space Rock @ Special Rock @ ONE Special Rock...
  • "1 Special Rock" = 343 primes
  • "A=1 Special Rock" = 393 english-extended 333 jewish-latin-agrippa 345 primes
The three numbers, 333, 343 and 393 ( along with 474 and 747) are, to me, some of the most important keys (outside of the obvious ones like 123, or 1234, 666, 777, or 911 etc).
Monolith @ MNLTh @ "Moonlight" = 314 jewish-latin-agrippa 345 primes
  • "The Moonlights" = "The Moon's Light" = 777 english-extended
The golden ratio, accurate to three decimal places, is 1.618...
  • "The Moonchild" = 1,618 squares
Links:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHWs3c3YNs4
2001: A Space Odyssey, black monolith
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSo6s_xrj4c
2001: A Space Odyssey :: Meaning of the Monolith Revealed
submitted by Orpherischt to GeometersOfHistory [link] [comments]


2020.08.20 20:41 Changeling_Wil Greeks are just Baltic people wearing funny hats

Greetings badhistory!
So, long story short I had been discussing hyperborea with a friend. As in 'the classical myth' not the neo-pagan/neo-nazi/neo-fascist insanity.
Afterwards I thought to myself 'I don't actually know that much about how much the ancient Greeks knew about the baltic, I should google it'.
First thing google brings me is a site going on about 'the baltic greeks exposed'. It was wild. Anyway, I think 'oh I could make a badhistory post about this' but now the site doesn't exist/when you try to access it it just wants you to buy the domain.
Thankfully wayback is here to help https://web.archive.org/web/20200305042946/http://siegekultur.biz/the-baltic-greek-expose/
So first things first: They have no footnotes or bibliography. This is a big yikes.
Before I properly start this groundbreaking work off, I should mention that, in order to fully understand it, you should at the very least have a basic understanding of Felice Vinci’s earth shattering book, “The Baltic Origins of Homer’s Epic Tales”.
Now, annoyingly I couldn't find any reviews of this over on jstor so I'm forced to look elsewhere for reviews of the work .http://www.paabo.ca/reviews/BalticHomericVinci.html
But from looking around it seems the work tends to cherry pick and focus on evidence that supports its theory instead of actually judging the evidence and details offered by the source material.
So that's a big yikes there.
Circa 1800 BC, a large group of people from the modern day Baltic Sea, namely the states of Lithuania and Latvia, formed a mighty civilization. While they often fought, their technological advances were amazing. Eventually, the Balts moved southward through the Dnieper river, for reasons unknown. Eventually, they reached the Black Sea and the Aegean sea, forming what would eventually become Greece. They conquered and subjugated the locals, hereafter referred to as ethnic Greeks, and imposed their history on them.
I...is this The Finno-Korean Hyperwar?
I'll admit I'm no scholar of the Baltic in the classical/ancient period but as far as I'm aware, there was no 'grand technologically advanced baltic state' there as much as the Waring baltic tribes with the germanic ones to the west of them? Feel free to correct me.
Also, 1800bc? As in the 18th century BC? Before the Greek Dark Ages and the Dorian invasions? Weird place to put your population movement theory. I'm not sure on the exacts but aren't the Ionians and Aeolians fully moved in by the 16th century BC? Or at least settled there before the Dorians later punt them about.
The stories of the Balts, hereafter referred to as Baltic Greeks, eventually became legend, and the Baltic Greek caste partially forgot their ways, and believed that the stories that had been passed down to them had taken place in the Mediterranean, when they had actually taken place in the Baltic Sea. An author, Homer, eventually wrote these down circa 800 BC, confusing ancient Baltic cities such as Troy for places in the mediterranean, and believing that great Baltic Kings like Agamemnon were Greek. This is where I depart from Felice Vinci. I know that the priest subcaste of the Baltic Greeks never truly forgot their ancestral home. The priests were the last to agree to leave the ancient Baltic land, and their undying dream was to see their new home, Greece, joined in a mighty empire stretching to their ancient home in the Baltics.
Dude. Duuude. Citations. Please.
Like...where are you getting this? At all? You had one (sketchy and not using evidence correctly) book to support your first bit. But where are you getting any evidence for 'they were the last to leave'.
The Baltic Greek priests knew that powerful secrets existed in ancient Hyperborea, which they believed could help them rule the known world. They believed that Hyperborea was located either in the Baltics, or very close by.
I...if they didn't forget their history and used to live there, surely they'd know if it was or wasn't in the baltic?
So, the priests had to bide their time. Decades turned to centuries, and the Baltic Greek priests were still plotting as to how they would regain the Baltics, when a potential puppet came to power in what was now called Macedonia, namely king Amyntas III, in 393 BC. [...]Amyntas III presented a rare opportunity for the Baltic Greek priests: he was a Baltic Greek nationalist, and a strong military leader. [...] they would wait until the time was right, and Amyntas would share the knowledge of the Baltic homeland with his sons. One of them, or one of their descendants, was to retake the Baltics whenever possible.
What can be presented without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.
This being said: No, Amyntas III was not a baltic-greek nationalist. Putting aside the issue of using the term nationalist for classical material...just no. The fuck.
Alexander was taught the Baltic Greek secrets as soon as he could talk, and he made their retaking his life’s goal. However, as Alexander and his father both grew older, they realized their problem: the other Greek states wished to invade Persia, and they would have never supported a seemingly haphazard expedition north, through completely uncharted territory. Alexander, Philip, and the priests were unwilling to tell the other major greek states about the ancient home in the Baltics, if they did, the ancillary Greek states may have attempted to get there first.
'The Greeks wouldn't want to march north if we didn't tell them because they want to invade rich Persia, if we told them they'd ignore persia and march into the frozen north on the off chance the land that clearly wasn't great because we moved from it exists'.
What.
Philip II and Alexander both knew that the earth was round, but were unaware of the circumference of the earth, and they did not know of the large bodies of water and other continents. So, their plan was this: they would form a league, known as the league of Corinth, which was made of many Greek States. They would declare war on the Persian Empire, and defeat them, and would continue with their conquests until they eventually circled around the earth and reached the Baltics.
'People don't want to march far from home into the great unknown. We'll make them march far from home into the great unknown'.
Poison was placed in Alexander’s wine, and he died after 10 days of agony. Alexander’s reported last words were that his empire should go “to the strongest”, but this is not true. His real last words certified that his unborn son should take the throne. The Generals knew that allowing another Baltic Greek from the bloodline of Alexander would be disastrous. So, they themselves took over various parts of Alexander’s empire, knowing that, as seperate states, it’d be harder for the Baltic Greeks to take over all of their land.
If Alexander was poisoned, had fever, drank too much etc is still disputed.
50 years after this, ethnic Greeks in Italy finalized their complete victory over the native Etruscans. They formed a mighty Republic, eventually an empire, that was by and large free of Baltic Greek taint.
I'm sorry when the fuck did Rome become Greek. Rome, the great Latin power. Did this guy just hear that Greeks lived in Magna Gracia and went ham? Are the baltic greeks meant to be the 'proud wise rulers' or an 'evil taint'? Is this fascist doublethink or not? I'm confused.
As you all know, their empire degenerated badly, and eventually a Baltic Greek was allowed to take control of the Roman Empire, a man by the name of Tarasis Kodisa Rousombladadiotes, later to be known as the Emperor Zeno. By this time, almost all Baltic Greeks, who were then and are now about 10% of the total Greek population, knew of the ancient homeland in the Baltics. Under Zeno, the once great empire was Hellenized, and their unspoken goal was to take the Baltics. This was the true goal of what was now called the Byzantine Empire for nearly 1000 years. The Byzantines, however, were constantly rebuffed in their attempts by the heroic efforts of the Bulgarians, Germans, and Persians, among others.
Okay so first off:
Man the Byzantines must have really sucked at reading maps then, huh? Reclaiming north africa, Italy, bits of Spain, fighting off Persians and Turks in Anatolia, trying to keep the bulgarians and Balkans controlled. Not really a path to the baltic.
The only bright spot in Byzantine history, which was full of typical Baltic Greek atrocities and greed, was the Emperor Justinian, the final Ethnic Greek Emperor of Rome. 50 years after the hostile takeover of the Roman Empire by the Baltic Greeks, the Emperor Justinian ceased any foolish attempts to invade the north, instead regaining the Byzantine Empire’s rightful land in the Mediterranean.
...
I'm sorry what? An illyrian who spoke Latin natively is the 'last ethnic greek'?
there was not a single Ethnic Greek crowned Emperor from Justinian’s death in 565, to the final fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453.
I mean... in the sense of 'they're Romans, not Greeks' he's not wrong.
A majorly important event, unbeknownst to the Baltic Greeks at large at the time, occurred in 1230 AD. [...]somehow, this insane priest walked 750 miles north, to Transylvania, which at the time was the home of the heavily Germanic Teutonic Knights.
Andrew II of Hungary expelled them from transylvania in 1225.
He again survived the perilous journey back home, and gave the texts personally to the Byzantine Emperor John III. Emperor John took these texts to his greatest alchemists, but they informed the Emperor that they would take 250 years to decipher.
That's now how translating texts works. That's not how it works at all!
The Empire would not last that long. The Turks from the east slowly but surely took Byzantine land from them, until the Baltic Greeks were left with only the city of Constantinople to call their own.
We just ignoring the Despotate of the Morea here? The one that didn't fall till 1460?
a Baltic Greek defector informed the Ottoman Turkish Emperor Mehmed II of the entire Baltic Greek history, and the maps that were nearly fully deciphered, that would lead to the Byzantines potentially taking over the known world. Mehmed could not allow this, and he decided to attack Constantinople.
Dude, you've made a massive deal about how hard it is to march from Greece to the Baltics. How the hell were the Byzantines going to do that in 1453? With or without maps?
Constantine XI, the final Byzantine emperor, would not allow the loss of the last possible aid for the Baltic Greeks. So, right before the city fell, Constantine left the city under cover of darkness, and fled to a cave, where Baltic Greeks believe he became a Marble Emperor, who will one day, when Greece and the Baltics are under the same Baltic Greek flag, arise and rule the world, providing the needed map to Hyperborea.
That's not how the marble emperor myth works. An angel stole him away and hid him in a cave as a statue till he'll one day return to unite the Greeks.
32 years later, in 1485, Christopher Columbus had an idea. A Baltic Greek himself, the descendant of the still-extant Italian Griko community, he knew that things were desperate. Columbus wished to help his people dominate the world, and he set out to do the only thing he could think of: like Alexander, he would set out to circumnavigate the world, and find a new route to the Baltics. He wished to find a route above Russia, that would lead him straight to the Baltics, which he planned to, at a later date, attempt to capture with a Baltic Greek force.
Man the people in his story really don't know how to go places do they. Does he have the same issue following directions? Does he end up in the bathroom when trying to get to the kitchen?
The Baltic Greeks came to view Columbus as a traitor, and they became stagnant for many years, secretly dominating the culture of other countries such as Italy and Russia, the latter of whom they had spread their Orthodox ‘Religion’ to.
The Rus started to convert to Orthodoxy in the 10th century. Officially. Unofficially it's older.
Also note that we've gone from 'baltic priests keep their old religion alive and it mingles with hellenic' [no shit they're both from indo-european roots] to 'baltic priests made the orthodox church'.
[...]
Sadly, Napoleon was defeated by the crafty tactics of the Baltic Greeks
[Confused British noises]
After 8 long years, the Greek forces had won, and a king was to be chosen. They chose a German, Otto, of House Wittelsbach. Many people then, and to this day, have asked why this was done. It’s obvious when you think about it. If a Baltic Greek was made King, just like the Byzantine emperors many years prior, he would have been obsessed with openly capturing the Baltics, which would have been potentially disastrous to Baltic Greek plans. So, a hapless German Royal was chosen, allowing the Baltic Greeks to operate in the shadows.
...
Honestly I'm expecting them to say that Baltic Greeks are lizardmen.
Otto was related (somewhat) to the Komnenos and Laskaris dynasties via his ancestor John II (John's maternal grandmother's mother's father's mother was Maria Laskarina whose mother was the daughter of Alexios III Angelos whose father was Andronikos Doukas Angelos whose mother was Theodora Komnene who was one of the daughters of Alexios I Komnenos). A Monarchy was decided upon and chosen without the input of Greeks.
[...] side note: similar to jewesses, Baltic Greek girls are trained from birth to use their looks and charms to try and ensnare powerful men in their trap)
Ah, it's a neo-nazi. Gotcha.
The Baltic Greeks also wanted Russia to lose, and they sent their Orthodox Christian lackey Grigori Rasputin to ensure that this would happen.
No conspiracy theory is complete without Rasputin, is it?
The Baltic Greeks would easily be able to dominate Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, as they are taught all three languages surreptitiously by their parents.
Knowing a language doesn't make you king of places. I'm not the bloody king of England just because my parents and schooling system taught me English. If I ran around saying I can dominate a small bit of France because I know some French, they'd call me a loony. Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses not from linguistic expertise.
The Baltic Greeks were soundly defeated by 1922, and the 1,000,000 Greek interlopers in Turkey were finally kicked out for good.
...are we calling 'ethnic cleansing and population transfers' 'cleaning up interlopers' or am I misunderstanding this?
n the Jewish Communist state known as the Soviet Union
Why do these crazy people always end up being Nazis?
His plan was to make the Soviet Union into a death machine
Why hi there black book of communism.
Hitler knew about the Hyperborean magic that Baltic Greek Stalin wished to harness
Are we in an anime now? Is it magic hitler v technocrat mecha Stalin time? Is Cyborg FDR going to fight tentacle-girl Hirohito? Was WW2 a harem anime with Churchill as the star?
1939 came along, and Mussolini, although he was a great man, made a mistake.
'Great man' is a weird way to spell 'fascist that ended up dangling upside down after being torn to pieces by the people'.
That same year, Stalin invaded all three Baltic States, and the ancient Baltic Satellite state of Finland.
The fins aren't baltic and we're ignoring the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact now?
Hitler’s attack on the Soviet Union seemed bound for success, and he soon took back the Baltics, and appointed Alfred Rosenberg to lead them. But, there was a menace far to the west: Franklin D. Roosevelt, himself a Baltic Greek
...
He sided with the Baltic Greeks Stalin and Roosevelt. Initially, he wished for peace after the German victory in France, but Stalin and Roosevelt blackmailed him with secrets involving his various affairs, and he was forced to stay in the war.
You're confusing Churchill with Halifax.
Enver Hoxha, the Heroic head of Albania, knew about the Baltic Greek menace. He split with the USSR when he found out about it, and afterwards he opposed them at every turn.
This guy is both pro Hoxha and pro-hitler.
I don't get it.
But they are still used. Young Albanian teens use them to make love in, often resulting in pregnancy. Hoxha’s spirit sees this, and smiles at the copulating couples, knowing that his dream is still alive, and that the great Albanian race will continue to exist.
Wait, it was Albanian nationalism all along?
As you may see, the Albanians are possibly the last great hope for us all. Someday, I hope to live there in peace, after my victory against the Baltic Greeks. That day may never come, but it is my dream, my desire, my very essence lives in Albania. [...] I have recently acquired a gorgeous Albanian bride, and she is currently pregnant with my first Albanian Son, who I shall name Adolf Enver. I have acquired multiple shirts with the Albanian flag on them, and I shall wear them exclusively until my last day.
Oh, so he's not even Albanian.
Also 'acquired' by the emperor they're your spouse not a potted plant.
Some of you may ask if my motto is still “88”, for Heil Hitler. The answer is yes and no. To me, 88 is still my motto, but it stands for something else: still H and H, but now it is Hitler and Hoxha.
I...what?
Hitlerism with albanian characteristics? We must secure bunkers for the race to continue?
Baltic Greeks by and large blend in with the average Greek population, yet they are generally less Swarthy. There are two major strains of Baltic Greeks, the Latvian Baltic Greeks, and the Lithuanian Baltic Greeks.
Breaking news! Estonia doesn't real.
Just...what.
Bibliography
submitted by Changeling_Wil to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.08.14 04:47 LearningIsListening A not-so-brief rundown of letters ‘T-V’ in Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'

Below is a rundown of letters ‘T-V’ under Epstein's contacts. Last year, I wrote about letters A-C. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cpis3n/a_brief_rundown_of_the_first_ten_pages_of_jeffrey/).
I also wrote about letters D-F on July 5, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hlrba8/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_df_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters G-I on July 13, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hqko0y/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_gi_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters J-L on July 15, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hrq9bg/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_jl_of_jeffrey/).
I posted letter M on July 20, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/huw0yt/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letter_m_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters N-Q on July 27, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hyudbz/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letters_nq_in_jeffrey/). There are some misspelled names. Epstein entered their names like this.
I posted letter R on July 29, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/i0aqxd/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letter_r_in_jeffrey/)
I posted letter S on August 7, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/i5orop/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letter_s_in_jeffrey/)
I have bolded some of the more interesting connections and information, but there could be much more that I overlooked. I hope something here strikes an interest in someone and maybe we can get more investigations out of this. Please, if you know anything more about any of these people than what is presented here, post below. I am working off of the unredacted black book found here: https://www.coreysdigs.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Jeffrey-Epsteins-Little-Black-Book-unredacted.pdf
T
Taaffee, Paul: Former Chairman and CEO of public relations firm Hill and Knowlton.
Tabet, Karim & Cristina: Karim is a founding partner of TAP advisory group. A former Vice Chairman at UBS Investment Bank and Joint Global Head at UBS Telecommunications. The subtitle under the Tabets reads ‘65th Street Neighbors.’ Ghislaine Maxwell lived in a townhouse at 116 East 65th Street.
Taki: Likely British journalist and Polanski apologist Taki Theodoracopulos. Taki wrote this interesting piece (https://www.gstaadlife.com/2009/11/taki-roman-orgy.html) in 2009 in which he throws Epstein under the bus while defending Polanski. Decades ago, Taki threw a party at The Savoy to celebrate the end of communism. Attendees included Ghislaine Maxwell and Imran Khan (https://greatgameindia.com/ghislaine-maxwell-arrested-fbi/).
Talbot Williams, Simon: Businessman involved in real estate. Owns Talbot & Scott ltd, an investment and development agency.
Tang, Mr David & Lucy Wastnag: David was a Hong Kong businessman who founded the Shanghai Tang fashion chain and several restaurants that attract the elite. Tang was a philanthropist who was involved in several charities, including Youth Outreach (YO), a charitable organization started in Hong Kong by Reverend Peter Newberry. This charity’s goal was to help at-risk youths (http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/hkedition/2017-09/15/content_32018378.htm). Tang was considered one of the most well-connected people in London. He and his wife, Lucy, counted Prince Andrew, Naomi Campbell, Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York (Prince Andrew’s ex-wife), Kevin Spacey, the Duke of Marlborough, and Mick Jagger among their friends (https://www.standard.co.uk/lifestyle/lucy-tang-on-top-the-highs-and-lows-of-a-party-girl-6540808.html). Tang vehemently defended Prince Andrew in 2011 when his relationship with Epstein was made public (https://www.standard.co.uk/lifestyle/theyve-been-tang-oed-sir-david-tang-sets-the-record-straight-6383974.html). Two years later, Ghislaine celebrated her 51st birthday at China Tang, David’s restaurant at the Dorchester Hotel. Despite the backlash Prince Andrew received for counting Epstein among his friends, he attended Ghislaine’s birthday, along with former Labour minister Shaun Woodward and wife Camilla, the Earl and Countess of Derby, Dorrit Moussaieff, the diamond heiress/wife of the president of Iceland, Tamara Beckwith, and John Eliasch, multi-millionaire boss of sports firm Head. Every single one of those people appear in Epstein’s contacts. Epstein had 16 phone numbers, two email addresses, and three street addresses listed under David and Lucy’s name. Tang died in 2017.
Tate, Rupert: Two options. Either the former hedge fund manager at Merrill Lynch or the CEO of Bear Grylls Ventures.
Taubman, Alfred: Billionaire real estate developer and former owner of Sotheby’s, where Les Wexner was once a board member. Many parties and book premieres attended by the elites have been hosted by Sotheby’s over the years. Taubman spent nearly one year in jail for price fixing in collusion with Christie’s auction house (https://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-alfred-taubman-20150419-story.html). Taubman died in 2015.
Taubman, Bobby: Alfred’s son who took over the family business.
Tavoulareas, Mr Billy & Nicket: William Tavoulareas Jr. is an heir to his father, William Tavoulareas, a Greek petroleum businessman and former President and Chief Executive of Mobil Oil during the ‘70s and ‘80s. Sr. was a close friend of George H.W. Bush and Greek Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou and was also a member of the Knights of Malta. William Jr. has not been so lucky. He has psychological problems and despite the fact that he has millions in a trust fund, he lives out of his car and has been involved in several dustups with the law in Palm Beach (https://www.townandcountrymag.com/society/news/a8979/william-tavoulareas-palm-beach/). Annick Finlan is Jr.’s ex-wife.
Tavoulareas, Peter: Billy’s Tavoulareas brother and son of William Tavoulareas Sr. Heir to father’s petroleum fortune.
Tayler, Emmy: Former personal assistant of Ghislaine Maxwell. Reportedly taught girls how to massage Epstein. Her name appears twice on Epstein’s Lolita Express flight logs (https://archive.org/stream/EpsteinFlightLogsLolitaExpress/Jeffrey-Epstein-Flight-Logs-in-PDF-format_djvu.txt). Recently fled the UK, but is presumably wanted for questioning (https://nypost.com/2020/08/10/emmy-tayler-maxwells-ex-personal-assistant-flees-uk-report/).
Taylor, Felicia: Retired anchor for CNN’s World Business Today. Stepsister of Victoria (nee Schott) de Rothschild, Sir Evelyn Rothschild’s second wife. Felicia knew Epstein socially and once had tea at his mansion (https://www.newyorksocialdiary.com/the-world-and-all-its-changes/). Pictured here (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/felicia-taylor-steve-eichner-and-ghislaine-maxwell-attend-news-photo/659966292) with Ghislaine Maxwell at a Tommy Hilfiger hosted event in 2009. She is also the daughter of classic Hollywood actor Rod Taylor.
Taylor, Pamela: Make-up artist with a bunch of A-list clients.
Taylor, Sebastian: Not enough info. Likely refers to the personal friend of Nathaniel Rothschild (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2099639/The-Russian-oligarch-Old-Etonian-billionaire-deeply-disturbing-questions-Lord-Mandelsons-integrity.html), but I can’t be sure. There are two other decent possibilities.
Taymor, Julie & Eliot: Julie is one of the most well-known theatre directors in the world. Responsible for the Broadway hit, Lion King. Elliot is Julie’s long-time partner. He is a film and theatre composer.
Tennenbaum, Harry: No info found.
Teodorani-Fabbri, Eduardo: A boss at Fiat motor company. Comes from the tremendously wealthy Agnelli family, who are the largest shareholders of The Economist (the Rothschilds also own a large portion). Eduardo used to date Tara Palmer-Tomkinson (listed earlier in Epstein’s contacts), the now deceased goddaughter of Prince Charles. Their first date was at an ARK charity dinner (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1194485/KATIE-NICHOLL-TPT-swept-Fiat-car-boss-Eduardo--Tara-s-Mr-Right.html). ARK is a children’s charity that has spawned many schools for grades K-12. It was started by Arpad Busson (also listed in Jeffrey Epstein’s book), the former fiancee of Uma Thurman. Busson is likely steeped in child trafficking. I wrote a thread about him and ARK charity last year (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cl34ju/arpad_busson_billionaire_businessman_or_possible/).
Theilmann, Baroness Francesca: Publisher and art collector.
Theodoli, Catherine: Katrin is the CEO of Magnum Marine Corporation, a performance and luxury yacht manufacturer.
Tholstrup, Mogens: Former owner of Daphne’s, Pasha, and The Collection, three of London’s trendiest restaurants. Sold the restaurants for pounds 5.5m in 1998. Dated a series of high society girls, including Lady Victoria Hervey (former girlfriend and staunch defender of Prince Andrew) and Tara Palmer-Tomkinson.
Tholstrup, Paola: A former model and the ex-wife of restaurateur Mogens Tholstrup (above). Pictured here (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/paola-tholstrup-ghislaine-maxwell-and-harry-nutall-attend-news-photo/73141620?adppopup=true) at a Chinese New Year celebration with Ghislaine Maxwell and Harry Nutall in 2007.
Thompson, Barnaby: British film director, producer, and movie executive. Thompson ran Ealing Studios for 14 years. Barnaby has been photographed with a who’s who of Hollywood stars, royalty, and many people listed in Epstein’s contacts. He has attended parties hosted by Harvey Weinstein and Charles Finch, an interesting figure mentioned earlier (check my D-F thread) in Epstein’s black book (https://www.gettyimages.co.uk/photos/barnaby-thompson?family=editorial&page=2&phrase=barnaby%20thompson&sort=best).
Tisch, David: Businessman who comes from a ridiculously rich family. His grandfather, Laurence Tisch, was the co-owner of Loews Corporation. His cousin, Steve, co-owns the New York Giants and has produced many big budget Hollywood movies. David made some good money in Silicon Valley startup companies.
Tisch, Merryl & Jimmy: Merryl is the former Chancellor of the New York State Board of Regents and wife of James (Jimmy) Tisch. A huge proponent of high-stakes testing for adolescents. Her husband, James, is the heir to Loews Corporation. He currently serves as CEO.
Tish, Anne & Andrew: Andrew is co-chair of Loews Corporation with his brother, James (mentioned above). Ann Rubenstein-Tisch is Andrew’s current wife. She is a former reporter for NBC. In 1996, Ann and Andrew partnered with the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) to open The Young Women’s Leadership School (TYWLS) of East Harlem, the first all-girls public school to open in the United States in 30 years (https://www.studentleadershipnetwork.org/history/). If you click on that link, you’ll immediately notice pictures of students with Oprah Winfrey and Hillary Clinton. The TYWLS has expanded and now comprises five schools (2800 students) and 16 sister schools (7000 students).
Titopupolo, Sonia: No info found.
Todhunter, Emily Olypitus: High-end British interior designer.
Toledo Ignacio, Alvarez de: Likely a real estate developer. Not 100% certain.
Tollman, Bea: Beatrice is a travel and hospitality businesswoman. Founder and President of the ritzy Red Carnation Hotel chain. Also has a large part in family-owned The Travel Corporation, which helps people organize/plan their trips.
Tollman, Brett: Son of Beatrice Tollman (above). Travel and hotel executive also involved in the family business. CEO of The Travel Corporation and founder of The Treadright Foundation, a non-profit charity.
Tollman, Mr & Mrs: This likely refers to Beatrice (above) and her husband, Stanley. Since I wrote about Beatrice earlier, I’ll focus on Stanley here, who is much more interesting. Stanley is a super shady businessman who is best known for being friends with Ken Bates (Chairman of Chelsea FC) and serving on the Board of the Chelsea FC soccer club, where he and Bates were partners with Marwan Ashraf, a senior Mossad agent. Tollman fled the US for the UK in the early 200s when he was convicted on 33 counts of embezzlement, fraud, and tax evasion (https://www.haaretz.com/1.4942945).
Tollman, Syrie & Gavin: Gavin is CEO of Trafalgar tours and Chairman of The Travel Corporation. Nephew of Stanley Tollman (above) and cousin of Brett Tollman (above). Gavin is married to his first cousin, Toni. There is a fascinating blog post (https://www.nittanyturkey.com/2005/07/25/was-100-million-worth-it/comment-page-1/) about the Tollmans and Hundleys, who defrauded the government out of millions. Be sure to read the comments. Pretty much everyone who responded used to work for the company and knows the Tollmans to some extent and the inner workings behind their thievery.
Tollman, Wyne: Wynn is Beatrice and Stanley’s son, but is not involved with the company. I could not find any other information on him.
Toub, Veronica (Busson): Fashion designer and socialite who was engaged to possible child trafficker and pedophile Arpad Busson (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cl34ju/arpad_busson_billionaire_businessman_or_possible/) in the 1980s.
Treacy, Phillip: Award-winning hat designer who has worked with the British Royalty (designed a hat for Princess Beatrice, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, and Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge), Oprah, Naomi Campbell, Daphne Guinness, Lady Gaga, and Madonna. Has also designed hats for the Harry Potter movies. Thirty-six of his hats were worn at the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton. Twenty were worn at the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle.
Trump Blaine & Robert: Robert is the younger brother of Donald Trump. Manager of Trump Corporation and President of Trump Management On August 3, 2020, Robert wrote “Jeffrey Epstein is still alive” on his Twitter feed (https://twitter.com/UncleRobTrump/status/1290360605904232448). Blaine is Robert’s ex-wife of over 25 years. They divorced in 2007 when it was revealed that Robert had a mistress for whom he purchased a $4 million house in Garden City, NY. Blaine’s father was an executive at IBM.
Trump, Ivana: Donald Trump’s ex-wife (1977-1992) and mother of Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric. After their divorce, Ivana accused her ex-husband, Donald, of rape. Trump’s lawyers claim that she did not want her words “to be interpreted in a literal or criminal sense.” One of the conditions of her divorce settlement was that she wouldn’t talk about their marriage without Donald’s approval. In this (timestamped) video interview (https://youtu.be/qN8938c8puE?t=251), Maria Farmer, the sister of Epstein victim Annie Farmer and former employee of Epstein and Ghislaine who went to the FBI with Epstein allegations in 1996, says that Ivana was possibly involved in procuring children, although she couldn’t confirm.
Trump, Ivanka: Donald Trump’s daughter. Serves as Advisor to the President. Donates to Jewish charities and is a supporter of Israel, much like her father.
Trump, Robert & Blaine: See ‘Trump Blaine & Robert’ above.
Tucker, Chris: Famous actocomedian of Rush Hour and Friday fame. Tucker was on the infamous Africa flight with Epstein, Bill Clinton, and Kevin Spacey.
Turlington, Christy: Incredibly popular supermodel from the ‘80s and ‘90s who has worked for too many big name fashion designers and magazines to name. Jean-Luc Brunel, the (alleged) pedophile and child trafficker who sent three 12-year-old girls to Epstein for his birthday discovered Turlington and helped launch her career (https://nypost.com/2019/09/02/jeffrey-epsteins-model-scouting-pal-has-disappeared-without-a-trace/). Friends with fellow supermodel and all-around scumbag, Naomi Campbell, who is likely knee deep in Epstein’s child trafficking and pedophile ring.
Turnbull, Governor Charles: Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands from 1999-2007. Epstein’s Little Saint James island is located in the Virgin Islands.
Turner, Jenny: There is an excellent Reddit thread (https://www.reddit.com/Epstein/comments/hnmwbg/jenny_turner_pseudonym/) from u/rsarector that provides evidence that Jenny Turner is a pseudonym for Ghislaine Maxwell. Make sure to check out the posts further down the thread by aimhighairforce and DSyntax for more information.
Turner, Miles Creswell: Investment banker who used to work for Deutsche Bank and HSBC. Interestingly enough, a man (Leo Iravanian) was arrested for harassment because Cresswell-Turner testified that traffic lights were not dangerous after Iravanian’s wife was killed by an Express coach. Iravanian continuously called Cresswell-Turner’s Marylebone office accusing Cresswell-Turner of being a paedophile (https://www.standard.co.uk/news/man-waged-hate-campaign-on-witness-at-wifes-inquest-6536135.html).
Tyssen, (Chessy) Francesca: Art collector and estranged wife of Austrian politician Karl von Habsburg. The Habsburg family is one of the most powerful and wealthiest families in Europe. The Habsburgs are a Black Nobility family of very high prestige.
U
Urbiola, Jorge: Likely refers to the diplomat and author who serves as Deputy Chief of the Mission of the Kingdom of Spain in Ukraine.
V
Vahabzadeh, Iraj and Linda: Iraj was the eldest son of Dr. Mostafa Vahabzadeh, founder and owner of Kayhan Publishing Group in Iran. Lynda was his ex-wife. Iraj passed away in 2016.
Van Hauen Sophie: No info found, although the address (62 Frith St) is that of Circa, a gay bar in London.
Van, William Straubenzee: British Conservative Party politician and Member of Parliament who died in 1999. After his death, it was discovered that van Straubenzee was named in documents pertaining to British politician child abuse (https://www.independent.co.uk/news-14-0/westminster-child-abuse-allegations-mp-with-a-penchant-for-small-boys-gave-his-word-he-was-not-a-10408985.html). Van Straubenzee was also a longtime friend of Princess Diana (https://www.insider.com/princess-diana-documentary-revelations-2017-7#she-read-trashy-romance-novels-2) and the uncle of Thomas van Straubenzee (lifelong friend of Prince William) and Charlie van Straubenzee (Prince Harry’s best friend).
Varsavsky, Martin: Argentine entrepreneur who has founded many companies, including Medicorp Sciences (biotechnology) and several telecommunications outfits.
Velasquez, Patricia: Venezuelan model/actress who appeared in print ads for Victoria Secret. Photographed here (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/carole-radziwill-patricia-velasquez-and-ghislaine-maxwell-news-photo/608144434) with Ghislaine Maxwell and Carole Radziwill, who is also listed in Epstein’s contacts (check the ‘R’ thread) and is/was a good friend of Maxwell.
Verdin, Julia: British film producer, casting director, and actress. Has been a friend of Ghislaine’s for decades, as evidenced by the photo of the pair, which was taken in 1986 (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8490447/Ghislaine-Maxwell-fall-sits-cell-photos-reveal-society-life.html). Verdin owned a house on the Sunset Strip in the early 1990s. She lived there with Birgit Cunningham and actress Elizabeth Hurley, who seems to be embroiled in Epstein and Maxwell’s world. The house was known as “party central” and was frequented by the likes of Robert De Niro and Jack Nicholson (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1349953/Lord-Strathclyde-affair-blonde-Birgit-Cunningham-I-feel-used-says-single-mum.html).
Verdin-Mulot, Annie & JP: Annie is a marketing director who has worked with Mulberry, Harrods, and Disneyland. She is the sister of Julia (above). Jean-Paul Mulot is a French journalist and former Deputy Editorial Director of Le Figaro, a daily newspaper in France. He is a permanent representative to the UK in the Hauts-de-France region. When confronted with his Epstein connections, Jean-Paul said that he only met him once 15 years ago and that his wife went to Oxford with Ghislaine Maxwell (https://fr.theepochtimes.com/un-ancien-directeur-du-figaro-cite-dans-le-carnet-noir-depstein-1001372.html). Close with former French president Nicolas Sarkozy, who served from 2007-2012.
Veronis, Jane: Jewelry designer. Her father is the co-founder of Veronis Suhler Stevenson investment bank.
Villani, Carmine S: President of Milestone Capital, an investment firm. Also President of Europower Renewable Energy Ltd.
Villeneuve, Jacques: Formula 1 race car driver. Epstein has many F1 contacts.
Vittadini, Emanuele A: No info found, but one of the emails listed traces back to arc-intl, which is a world-renowned glassware company.
Vittorelli, Dott. Marco: Chairman of Openjobmetis, an Italian job recruitment service. Also serves on the Board of Directors of Pallacanestro Varese, an Italian basketball club.
Vittoz, Martine: No info found.
Vittoz, Patrick: Director of Exploit Information Technologies, which specializes in website promotion, search engine submission, and hosting. Patrick has been an architectural consultant at his family’s business for 41 years.
Vittoz, Vonnic: No info found.
Vivian Smith, Charles: Investment banker. Currently the 5th Baron Bicester.
Von Habsburg, Francesca: Listed earlier in this thread under Tyssen, (Chessy) Francesca.
Von Hase, Bettina: Independent consultant and writer on art and culture. Daughter of a former German ambassador to the UK. Bettina’s ex-husband of 30 years, John Varley, is a trustee of The Prince of Wales’s Charitable Foundation.
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2020.08.04 21:05 Orpherischt Explosion in Beirut, Lebanon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7GYWC_UR1ZU
Widespread damage after huge explosion in Beirut - BBC News
Not the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia, but volcanic enough.
  • "Explosion in Beirut, Lebanon" = 119 reduced ( ie. 9/11 @ 11/9 )
  • ... ( "The Mirror" = 119 reverse alphabetic )
Noting:
  • "Explosion" = 1109 trigonal
  • ... "The Pattern" = 1109 trigonal
  • ... .. .. ( "Pattern" = "Terror" = 94 alphabetic 120 bacon 187 baconis )
  • .
  • ... "The Pattern" = 1109 trigonal
  • ... .. ( "The Vision" = 1019 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. ( "Eye" = 119 primes ) [ "Malice" = 119 primes ]
  • "Explosion in Beirut, Lebanon" = 911 primes
  • ... ( "To Shake the Earth" = 911 english-extended )
  • ... .. ( "The Absolute" = 911 english-extended 1109 trigonal )
  • "The Terror" = 1,119 trigonal ( "To Learn by Example" = 1,119 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ( "Daily news is always disturbing" = 119 in reduction )
  • ... .. ( "Master Plan" = 119 basic alphabetic )
It's a ...
  • "Formality" = 119 basic alphabetic 47 reduced
  • ... "Orthodox" = 119 basic alphabetic 47 reduced
  • ... "Foundation" = 119 basic alphabetic 47 reduced
  • "Force" = 47 alphabetic ( "Authority" = 47 reduced )
The explosion created a great blast...
  • "Winds" = "Air Force" = "The Law" = 223 primes
  • ... ( "Beginning" = "Chapter 1" = 223 primes )
  • "Fireball" = "Anthem" = "The Man" = 187 primes
  • ...( "The Grand Framework" = 187 basic alphabetic )
Fire Ball --> Fire Baal --> Fire Lord
  • "A Lord of Fire" = 322 primes
  • ... ( "Dragonfire" = 322 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "Burn" = "It is Heat" = 322 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. .. ( "The Alphabetic" = "Full Name" = 322 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • .
  • "A Lord of Fire" = 322 primes
  • ... ( "Counting" = "To Know" = "The Proof" = 322 primes )
  • ... ( "Lord of a Fire" = "Nine One One" = "One One Nine" = 322 primes )
Pi code, of the circle:
  • "Explosion in Beirut, Lebanon" = 1,227 jewish-latin-agrippa
There are 360 degrees in a circle.
  • "Lord of Fire" = 360 english-extended
The speed of sound ( Mach 1 ) is 1234.8 km/h at standard atmosphere ( which rounds to 1235 )
  • "The City of Beirut, Lebanon" = 1235 jewish-latin-agrippa
...and reflecting the 119 pattern:
  • "The City of Beirut, Lebanon" = 1019 in the so-called satanic cipher
... which is the cipher in which the phrase...
  • "When Disaster Strikes" = 911 satanic
What did the explosion create?
  • "The Mushroom Cloud" = 666 primes
... noting, as documented previously...
  • "The Mushroom" = 911 english-extended
  • ... ( "To Shake the Earth" = 911 english-extended )
  • ... ( "To Shake the Heart" = 911 english-extended )
I've recently been examining the notions surrounding the 'Language of Branches'.
Lebanon is known for it's great cedar trees, the 'Cedars of God'.
And I've been reading through The Lord of the Rings again, for the 5th or 6th time, and I just recently got through the chapters between Aragorns march through Lebennin, and onwards to Minas Tirith.
The Beirut explosion centered on the main sea-port of the city (ie. the harbour).
Here is the main port of Tolkien's Lebennin (an abstract Beirut, we might say, in this mythic association):
http://tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Pelargir
"At Pelargir the Heir of Isildur will have need of you."
[..] It became an even greater haven in the days of the Ship-kings. Tarannon Falastur built a great house there, with its roots in the water which he so dearly loved. His wife, Berúthiel, did not, however.
In the book, LotTR, we learn of the wizard Gandalf and his penchant for fireworks.
There is much debate online about 'fireworks' being involved in this Beirut explosion
  • "A Firework" = "Work a Fire" = 1,666 squares
  • ...( "Ritual Code" = 1,666 squares )
The Great Fire of London was in the year 1666 AD, we are told.
  • "The Great Fire of London" = "Temperature" = 666 jewish-latin-agrippa
When was that Great Fire, again?
  • "Know the Great Fire of London" = 1666 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Citizen" = "Temperature" = 666 jewish-latin-agrippa )
With the definite article:
  • "The Fireworks" = 1,343 jewish-latin-agrippa
The speed of sound is 343 meters-per-second at standard atmosphere ( Mach 1 )
The sound of the fireworks reaches your ears at this speed, as does any nearby...
  • "Human Voice" = 343 primes ( noting 7x7x7 = 343 )
A term used in older writings, and less so today, for a great shout, is an...
  • "Ejaculation" = 343 primes ( ponder the esoteric maxim: as above, so below)
A commanding human voice, and the wielding of fireworks, evokes, and requires...
  • "Control" = 343 jewish-latin-agrippa
...and since, in this cipher, the word 'Know' sums to 1000, we have:
  • "Know Control" = 1,343 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "The Fireworks" = 1,343 jewish-latin-agrippa
Q: What of the fireworks?
"A: The Fireworks" = 1337 trigonal ( "The Bringer of Light" = 1337 trigonal )
Some select entries on my page for 1337:
  • "To Control Man" = 1337 trigonal
  • "Explosion of Society" = 1337 jewish-latin-agrippa
...as well as...
  • "Legal Battle" = 1337 squares
Of which, according to the news, this Beirut blast comes at a time when a UN-backed panel is expected to issue a verdict on the 2005 assassination of former prime minister Rafik Hariri.
Of course, fireworks are let off at many a...
  • "Grand Celebration" = 2020 squares
  • ... ( "Rulership" = 2020 squares )
  • .... ( "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. [ ie. Crown Virus @ Ruling Virus @ Royal Virus ]
Widespread damage after huge explosion in Beirut
According to wikipedia (bolding as they have it):
Two explosions in Beirut, Lebanon, kill at least seventy people and injure more than four thousand others.
  • "Two explosions" = 1,844 english-extended
The King James Bible was first published in the year 1611, and I've been tracking this number in terms of...
  • "The Coronavirus Origin" = 1611 jewish-latin-agrippa
...and the associated ...
  • "Coronavirus Death Toll" = 1611 jewish-latin-agrippa
Now, we see again that there are always at least Two Towers:
  • "To Explode Twice" = 1611 jewish-latin-agrippa
The event happened in the port.
  • "Port" = 232 primes
  • ... ( "Scary" = "Number" = "Panic Mode" = "Bullet" = 232 primes )
With definite article ( consider a 'port' an 'interface', a 'way in'):
  • "The Port" = "The Number" = 333 primes
  • ... ( "Unspeakable" = 333 primes )
...and ...
  • "The Number' = "A Great Shock" = 333 primes
  • ... ( "The Religion" = "The Temple" = 333 jewish-latin-agrippa )
Noting...
  • "A Great Shock" = "Perfection" = 844 trigonal
  • ... ( "Huge Explosion" = 844 jewish-latin-agrippa )
No doubt the people nearby felt totally "Defenseless" = 844 trigonal
Remembering that the golden ratio, accurate to three decimal places, is 1.618...
...and it's inverse is 0.618...
... and 1.618 is one 618.
... .. and the numerological Rule of Colel is the allowance of off-by-one ( useful to hide the obvious ):
  • "Textbook" = 617 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... "A Textbook" = 618 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... "1 Textbook" = 618 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • .
  • "Recommendation" = 617 english-extended
  • ..."A Recommendation" = 618 english-extended
  • ..."1 Recommendation" = 618 english-extended
  • .
  • "The Official Narrative" = 617 primes
  • ... ( "The 1 Official Narrative" = 618 primes )
...and since the word "Know" = 1000 jewish-latin-agrippa ... we can gain the full golden ratio as so:
  • "Know a Textbook" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa ( which one, do you think? )
That said,
  • "The Port Explosion" = 1,617 english-extended
Q: what happened?
"A: The Port Explosion" = 1,618 english-extended
What is the original explosion?
  • "The Orgasm" = "Symbolic" = 1,618 squares
No doubt it reshaped the local...
  • "Geography" = 1,618 squares 618 jewish-latin-agrippa
With american spelling:
  • "Beirut Harbor" = 617 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "The Port Explosion" = 1,617 english-extended )
  • ... .. ( "The Official Narrative" = 617 primes )
Port @ Trop ---> Trope ---> Pattern or Theme
Port @ Trop --> Trophe --> Trough --> Trophy
With apologies, I recently was prompted by headlines to examine the number of the notion of the...
  • "Trophy Wife" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ...( "The Goddess Venus" = 1,618 trigonal )
  • "The Explosion" = 737 jewish-latin-agrippa
It is being reported as an "Accident" = 737 squares
In other words ...
  • "The Premature Orgasm" = 223 basic alphabetic
  • ... ( "Coronavirus Novel" = 223 basic alphabetic )
  • ... ( "Novel Coronavirus" = 223 basic alphabetic )
... and in terms of there being two explosions in Beirut:
  • "Double Orgasm" = 1984 squares
  • ... ( "Coronavirus Novel" = 1984 trigonal )
The off-by-one rule ( the Rule of Colel), discussed above, is hinted at in the formal specification of...
City, Country
... which usually has a comma placed between the elements, and which we might view as marking a hidden '1'.
Let us take it into account by using the Q&A format, where 'A' = '1':
Q: Where was the disaster?
"A: Beirut, Lebanon" = 555 jewish-latin-agrippa
... which reflects numbers like:
  • "Act of Terror" = 555 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... "Crunch" = 555 trigonal
  • "Earthquake Sound" = 1,555 trigonal
For those that enjoy chaos, such scenes are:
  • "Entertainment" = 555 jewish-latin-agrippa
Contextually...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_4
The date is 8/4, or 4/8 ( "Ring" = 48 basic alphabetic ) [ the explosion makes one in the sky ]
  • "Novel Coronavirus" = 1984 trigonal 223 basic alphabet
  • .... "Pattern Recognition" = 223 basic alphabetic ( "The Law" = 223 primes )
B.B.C --> 2.2.3 ---> "The Scale" = 223 primes
Scale --> Magnitude
  • "Magnitude" = "Pattern" = 616 english-extended
  • ... ( "Number" = "The Law" = 616 trigonal )
  • ... .. ( "The Powerful Force" = 616 primes )
  • ... .. ( "The Declaration of War" = 616 primes )
The number 616 is perhaps the original Biblical 'number of the beast', since the oldest papyrus copy of the pertinent segment of the book of Revelation quotes 616 instead of 666.
  • "The Final Discovery" = 616 primes ( "Number" = 616 trigonal )
  • ... ( "Find the Code of Numbers" = 616 primes )
  • ... .. ... ( "The Art of Writing" = 616 primes )
  • ... .. ... ( "The Key Principles" = 616 primes )
  • ... .. ... ( "To Learn by Example" = 616 primes )
A recent addition to my page on 616 is "Gunfire" = 616 trigonal
What was it's magnitude, or it's scale?
Widespread damage after huge explosion in Beirut
It was huge:
  • "Huge explosion in Beirut" = 845 primes
... which is 844 + 1 (ie. Rule of Colel )
August 4 is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.
This year, 2020, is a leap year, but due to the Rule of Colel, even though it is the 217th day of the year, the baseline of 216 is still relevant, and might still be regarded as canonical.
We note that 216 is 6x6x6.
Of 217 ---> 2.17 --> 2.17 --> to.17 --> to "kill" = 17 in reduction
  • "Numerology" = 474 primes ( "The Illuminati" = 474 primes )
When waiting in line, ensure that you stand...
  • "Six Feet Apart" = 474 primes
... in case you get infected with a fake virus.
The numerology of the Alphabet Code as Matrix Code:
  • "Matrix Code" = 969 trigonal ( "Business" = 969 trigonal )
  • .. ( "Huge explosion in Beirut" = 1,969 english-extended )
  • ... .. ( "Learn by Example" = 969 jewish-latin-agrippa )
Noting:
  • "Numerology" = 474 primes ( "Great Terror" = 474 primes )
  • ... ( "Beirut port" = 474 primes )
  • ... ( "Beirut harbour explosion" = 4747 squares ) [ combining 474 and 747 ]
With a magic ...
  • "Wand" = 742 squares
... decimate the ...
  • "Port of Beirut" = 742 jewish-latin-agrippa
...and we see also that...
  • "A port of Beirut" = 2,742 squares
Noting that 742 is a reverse 24/7 time code...
  • "The Time" = "One Time" = 247 primes ( "The Riddle" = "Brutal" = 247 primes )
Wikipedia tells us there is a 'harvest' component to this event...
The explosion occurred near the grain elevator on the right [of the image].
  • "The Grain" = 247 primes ( a spell I documented within the last few months )
...and...
  • "The Grain Elevator" = 1,474 trigonal
  • .... ( "Numerology" = 474 primes )
ie. the alphanumeric code of Agriculture
  • "The Grain Elevator" = 1,161 english-extended
  • "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ" = 1,161 primes
  • ... ( "Undercurrent" = 161 basic alphabetic )
Alphanumeric code of Agriculture?
... ( wordplay: Agree Culture @ A Greek Culture? )
The word 'Grain' is built on the GRN cosonanantal root, which I examined very recently in terms of the Green Language (ie. the Language of the Birds, the secret esoteric language )
The word 'Groin' is also constructed on the same root ( ie. sexual innuendo involved - fertility rites of the fields, and such-like )
And of course... this is the time of the Coronavirus...
Corona @ Crown @ CRN / GRN --> Corn / Grain / Kernel --> Agriculture
When describing the use of explosive mechanisms in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses the term....
  • "Blasting Fire" = 369 jewish-latin-agrippa
In terms of the different superlatives used by the press to describe this explosive event:
Huge --> Colossal ( ie. some news reports use 'colossal' to describe the explosion )
  • "A Colossal Explosion" = 1,369 english-extended
  • "1 Colossal Explosion" = 1,369 english-extended
  • ... ( "Humanity" = "initiation" = "The Alphabet Code" = 369 primes )
So we have ...
  • "Matrix Code" = 969 trigonal ( "Wedding" = 969 jewish-latin-agrippa )
...and...
  • "The Alphabet Code" = 369 primes
The only spell I know that combines these two key numbers in the same ciphers is...
  • "Mind Power" = 369 primes 969 trigonal
Without the article (ie. enabling off-by-one) :
  • "Colossal Explosion" = 1,368 english-extended
  • ... ( "New Normal" = "The Compliance" = 368 primes )
  • ... .. ( "The Medical Mask" = "A Prisoner" = 368 primes )
  • ... .. .. ( "To break them" = 368 primes )
  • .
  • "Colossal Explosion" = 1,368 english-extended
  • ... ( "The Initiate" = 368 primes )
  • ... .. ( "illuminated" = 368 primes )
  • ... .. .. ( "The Ritual" = 368 primes )
Again, add 'A' or '1' to any of these to get Nikola Tesla's 'magnificent numbers', 3, 6 and 9.
  • "Learn the way of The Force" = 1968 trigonal
  • ... ( "The Storm" = 1968 squares )
In 1968, the number 911 was made emergency dialing code, and the WTC Twin Towers began construction, and the term 'Coronavirus' was first coined.
Huge --> Massive ( ie. Mass of Eve )
  • "Massive Explosion" = 777 in the 'satanic cipher'
  • ... ( "Numeric Ritual" = 777 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ( "Great Pyramid" = 777 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( ie. great fire amid )
...and...
  • "Massive Explosion" = 707 primes (ie. magnified 77 with central portal )
  • ... ( "Power" = "Glory" = "Regency" = 77 basic alphabetic )
  • ... .. ( "Alphabetic" = 77 basic alphabetic )
... noting: "The Glory" = 360 primes ( ie. 360 degrees in a circle; a ring )
At this time of coronavirus lockdowns we are all partaking of an ...
  • "Isolation" = "In Prison" = 360 primes ( ie. encircled )
... which, I argue is under the Aegis of a "Fake Virus" = 360 primes
... .. but that is not the topic of this post ( except that all themes are tributary to the greater glory )
Nonetheless, safety in numbers, they say, for divided we fall, and alone, one is...
  • "Defenseless" = 360 jewish-latin-agrippa
This is one of the interpretations of the Fasces:
The symbolism of the fasces suggests strength through unity; a single rod is easily broken, while the bundle is very difficult to break.
The headline again:
Widespread damage after huge explosion in Beirut - BBC News
What?
  • "Widespread damage after huge explosion" = 1100 primes
  • ... ( "The Glory" = 1100 english-extended )
ie. Eleven is known in numerology as the 'Master Number' ( and ponder: Glory @ Gallery )
Revelation 11, first verse:
And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
And the 11th verse of Revelation 1:
Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
  • "Widespread damage after huge explosion" = 166 reduced
  • ...( "Decryption Key" = 1,166 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • .
  • "Widespread damage after huge explosion" = 2,242 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "The Garden" = 242 primes )
I wander if there was any "Prophecy" = 666 jewish-latin-agrippa ... aka.
  • "Predictive Programming" = 242 basic alphabetic
  • ... ( "Foretell the Future" = 242 reverse alphabetic )
  • ... .. ( ( "Preacher" = 242 jewish-latin-agrippa 223 primes ) )
The number 242 combines 24 (the number of hours in a day, and the number of thrones around that of God, as described in Revelation) and 42, which many know of as the 'answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything'.
  • "Math" = 42 basic alphabetic ( it's a "Sin" = 42 basic alphabetic ) [ sine trig function ]
  • ... ( "Math" = "Algebra" = 133 primes )
  • ... .. ( "Everything" = "Big Bang Theory" = 133 basic alphabetic )
  • ... .. ( "Everything" = "Good Numbers" = 133 basic alphabetic )
  • ... .. ( "Government" = "Everything" = 133 basic alphabetic )
  • ... .. .. ( "Large explosion, Beirut" = 1,133 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • "Large explosion, Beirut" = 247 basic alphabetic
  • ... ( "Brutal" = "The Riddle" = 247 primes )
  • ... .. ( "Garden of Eden" = 247 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ... ( "The Canon" = 247 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ... .. ( "Gun" = 247 jewish-latin-agrippa )
The Garden of Eden (Hebrew: גַּן־עֵדֶן – gan-ʿḖḏen), also called the Terrestrial Paradise, or simply Paradise, is the biblical "Garden of God" described in the Book of Genesis
[...] the man and the woman were seduced by the serpent into eating the forbidden fruit, and they were expelled from the garden to prevent them from eating of the tree of life, and thus leaving forever. Cherubim were placed east of the garden, "and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way of the tree of life"
  • "The Garden of Eden" = 360 jewish-latin-agrippa
ie. There 360 degrees in a circle.
  • "Isolation" = "In Prison" = 360 primes
One might imagine a...
  • "Circular Wall" = 1337 jewish-latin-agrippa 133 alphabetic 1087 english-extended
All these numbers are familiar to anyone who has been reading here a while.
  • "Know Great Force" = 1337 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "Winds" = "Air Force" = "The Law" = 223 primes
  • ... ( "Beginning" = "Chapter 1" = "A Proof" = 223 primes )
  • ... .. ( "The Power of Numbers" = 223 basic alphabetic )
  • ... .. ... ( "The Secret of the Times" = 223 basic alphabetic )
  • "The Bridge" = 223 primes ( between minds, is communication )
...and...
  • "The Law" = "The Scale" = 223 primes
  • "To Know" = "The Proof" = "Counting" = 322 primes
... 322 @ 223 ...
  • "The Upward Spiral" = 3223 squares 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa
ie. To Know - The Law - of the Golden Spiral
  • "Beirut eruption" = 3223 squares
...and...
  • "The Beirut eruption" = 1,969 trigonal ( = "Forgotten Matrix Code" )
  • .. ( "Huge explosion in Beirut" = 1,969 english-extended )
  • "Beirut Vulcan" = 1,360 jewish-latin-agrippa ( ie. One Ring )
Above, I permuted the word 'massive' to 'mass of Eve' ...
... we might also ponder the Missives of Miss Eve.
  • "Missive" = "The Romance" = 311 primes (coronavirus pandemic declared 3/11)
  • ... .. .. ( "Ecstatic" = 311 jewish-latin-agrippa )
... and as documented elsewhere...
  • "Original Sin" = "The Infection' = "SARS-nCoV-2" = 933 trigonal
... which is "The Count" = 933 trigonal
...and hence...
  • "Missive" = 933 jewish-latin-agrippa
If you've been reading here a while, you know I've been tracking 933 and 1933 in terms of the coronvirus pandemic and the HG. Wells novel The Shape of Things To Come, which speaks of a great plague paving the way to a World Dictatorship (and eventual 'Utopia').
Anyway, in terms of the power of the Force...
  • "Lightsaber" = 311 primes 322 jewish-latin-agrippa 777 trigonal
...and on this forum we are...
  • "Counting" = 322 primes
... the "Full Name" = 322 jewish-latin-agrippa
... .. of things.
  • "The Number' = "A Great Shock" = 333 primes
  • ... ( "The Religion" = "The Temple" = 333 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "Dancing Plague" = 333 primes )
  • "COVID-nineteen" = "Revelation" = 1010 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ...( "The Beirut Shock" = 1010 english-extended )
The Director General of Lebanese General Security stated the explosion was linked to 2,700 tonnes of ammonium nitrate that had been confiscated and stored in the port for years
  • "Ammonium Nitrate Explosion" = 1010 primes ( and 333 reverse alphabetic )
Nitrate @ Night Rate @ Knight Rate
  • "Knight Rate" = 360 jewish-latin-agrippa
The word 'rate' is an anagram of 'tear' and 'tare'.
Of Ammonium, see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ammon
  • "Ammonium" = 311 primes
...and with quantum-entanglement:
  • "A=1: Ammonium" = 314 primes 777 trigonal
Ammonium makes me think of ...
  • "A Giant Squid" = 1019 trigonal
Of these creatures...
"They taste really bad, the flesh has an intense ammonia smell"
Of the confiscated chemicals:
The Ammonium nitrate was confiscated from the Moldavian-flagged MV Rhosus, an 86-meter-long general cargo ship, in the port of Beirut in 2014
  • "Rhosus" = 1776 squares ( note: "Symbol" = "Triangle" = "Pyramid" = 86 alphabetic )
The year 1776 is famously known as the year of the founding of the United States (as well as the historical Bavarian Illuminati).
  • "The Supreme Ruler" = "Emperor of the World" = 1776 trigonal ( "Man = 86 primes )
Ponder: Rhosus --> Roses ---> What is the Name of the Rose?
Never mind the Name, what of the Number?
  • "The Number of the Rose" = 1234 english-extended 3333 squares
Q: what?
"A: The Number of the Rose" = 1776 trigonal
And here we have the classic pi codes of the circle:
  • ... ( "Red Rose" = 314 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ( "Red Sore" = 314 jewish-latin-agrippa )
The explosion cloud was dark red. The red rose in the sky.
Ponder: Rhosus --> Rhesus
Again, noting that "Explosion" = 1109 trigonal ( a number I've documented before )...
... I was prompted, when I first heard of this event, to permute the name of 'Beirut', thinking of...
... but not having looked up the exact spelling. I first tried:
  • "Beruth explosion" = 1019 jewish-latin-agrippa
Q: ?
"A: Grin and bear it" = 911 trigonal ( "Society" = 911 trigonal )
Baʿal Berith ("Lord of the Covenant") and El Berith ("God of the Covenant") are two gods, or one god, worshiped in Shechem, in ancient Canaan, according to the Bible
  • "Baal Berith" = 232 primes
  • ... ( "Lord of the Covenant" = 1,232 english-extended )
  • ... .. ( "Port" = 232 primes )
  • ... .. .. ( "Number" = 232 primes )
  • ... .. .. ... ( "Boss" = 232 jewish-latin-agrippa )
Ports and Ships go together:
  • "Port + Ship" = 1967 squares
  • "Port a Ship" = 1968 squares
  • ... ( "The Storm" = "The Rising Sea" = 1968 squares )
I've discussed the years '67, '68, and '69 quite a bit lately.
  • "Ship in port" = 666 english-extended ( "Business" = 666 english-extended )
  • ... ( "A=1: To Learn by Example" = 1,666 trigonal )
Again:
Baʿal Berith ("Lord of the Covenant") and El Berith ("God of the Covenant")
Elbereth is the Lady Varda, Queen of the Valar, maker of the stars, in Tolkien's mythology, and she is called upon by Frodo, Sam and others in time of desperate need. The evocation of her name was powerful enough to dismay the Nazgul when they attacked the fellowship on Weathertop hill.
A relationship with Hebrew bərīt ("covenant") or with the city name Beirut have both been suggested for Beruth
  • "God Covenant" = 1000 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • .. ( "Know" = 1000 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ( ( "Forgotten" = 1000 trigonal ) )
  • "The Final Discoveries" = 1234 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "What is in a Name?" = 1234 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "Great Knowledge" = 1234 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • "Explosion in Beirut, Lebanon" = 911 primes
Reddit threads:
More footage:
Numeric indexes (for reference):
EDIT: Derek Tikkuri has just published a video about this Beirut event:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HqSTSfOkESA
Fatal Explosion in Beirut - By the Numbers
EDIT 2:
In my part of the world, it has clocked over into the day after this explosion. It is now the 5th of August as I add this edit. Wikipedia has updated their front page to feature new content.
The featured article is now about ...
The Eurasian crag martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris) is a small swallow with brown upperparts, paler underparts, and a white-spotted square tail.
  • "Eurasian crag martin" = 777 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ...( "Numeric Ritual" = 777 jewish-latin-agrippa )
It says, at the bottom of the summary about this bird:
This article is part of a featured topic: Crag martins.
The word 'martin', my brain immediately turns into 'martian'.
  • "The Crag Martians" = 555 jewish-latin-agrippa
... which can be permuted into...
  • "The Martian Crags" = 555 jewish-latin-agrippa
... which makes one think of...
  • "The Mountains of Mars" = 742 primes
  • ... ( "A Red Planet" = 742 trigonal )
And just for interest sake, since I mention 'my part of the world', I live in the cape of Southern Africa, which is labelled as the 'Cape of Diab' on the ancient and interesting Fra Mauro map of the world, which is of South-up orientation.
Currently the Prime Minister of Lebanon is Hassan Diab.
  • "A Prime Minister of Lebanon" = 777 primes
The Cape of Diab: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:FraMauroMapAfrica.jpg
Many will be aware that 'Diablo' is a Spanish word meaning "Devil".
In terms of the Cedars of Lebanon, there is a mountain range within a few hours drive north of where I live called the Cederberg.
...see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cederberg
Other simultaneous press output:
https://www.wired.com/story/a-summer-camp-covid-19-outbreak-offers-back-to-school-lessons/
A Summer Camp Covid-19 Outbreak Offers Back-to-School Lessons
A CDC report from a Georgia hot spot illuminates just how easily kids can spread coronavirus, adding to our understanding of kids’ role in transmission.
Summer Camp --> Mathematics Camp @ Do Sums
  • "A Sum Camp" = 555 english-extended ( and 747 trigonal )
  • "The Mathematics Camp" = 555 primes
Using consonantal roots to navigate the fractal tree of language:
Georgia @ GRG @ Gregorian @ Grigori @ The Watchers
Georgia @ GRG @ KRK @ ChRCh @ Church ( ie. Crag @ Gorge @ Valley )
ie. Saint George and the Dragon
  • "Mathematics Camp" = "The Magic Words" = 454 primes
  • ... ( "Rays of Light" = "Prometheus" = 454 primes )
A CDC report from a Georgia hot spot illuminates [...]
The Titan Prometheus gave men fire, and it angered the Gods:
Again: C.D.C --> 3.4.3 ---> 343 = 7x7x7
Learn quantum entanglement of number and letter:
  • "A=1: Mathematics Camp" = 474 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Let there be Light" = "Sunlight" = 474 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • .... ( "The Illuminati" = "Numerology" = 474 primes )
Light <--- Lightbearer ( ie. Lucifer )
  • "The School" = 323 primes ( "Lucifer" = 323 jewish-latin-agrippa 223 primes )
The canonical phrase:
  • "Let there be Light!" = 473 primes 474 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "The Math School" = 473 jewish-latin-agrippa )
...and thus...
  • ... ( "The A+ Math School" = 474 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... ( "The +1 Math School" = 474 jewish-latin-agrippa )
...and given all the 911 and 119 patterning in terms of this entire thread:
  • "Mathematical Camp" = 1019 trigonal
Camp @ Cramp
  • "Mathematical Cramp" = 1190 trigonal 2,223 squares 742 english-extended )
...and...
  • "Mathematic Pains" = 474 primes
  • ... ( "Numerology" = 474 primes ) ( "Great Terror" = 474 primes )
  • ... .. ( "The School" = 474 english-extended )
Pain --> Pen ( writing )
  • "Mathematic Pen" = 393 primes ( "Accountancy" = 393 primes )
  • ...( "Accurate" = "Count" = 393 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "A Mathematic Pen" = 393 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "1 Mathematic Pen" = 393 jewish-latin-agrippa )
I've been referring often to the King Arthur mythology recently (ie. the Pendragon bloodline )
  • "The School" = 811 trigonal ( "Dragon" = 811 squares )
Remembering all the 844 results in the main text above (ie. Revelation )
A Summer Camp Covid-19 Outbreak Offers Back-to-School Lessons
  • "Back-to-School Lessons" = 1,844 trigonal
...and we get multiple circle codes:
  • "Back-to-School Lessons" = 227 basic alphabetic 720 primes
The number 227 is shorthand for the classic pi approximation and there are 720 degrees in two revolutions of the circle.
The article is part of the accumulation of Covid pandemic press:
  • "Back-to-School Lessons" = 65 reduced
  • ... ( "Alphabet" = "Pandemic" = 65 basic alphabetic )
.
They are laughing... because most, if not all, of the Coronavirus deaths, are strawmen.
https://arstechnica.com/science/2020/08/metoostem-founder-admits-to-creating-twitter-persona-who-died-of-covid-19/
On the Internet, no one knows you're a dog —
#MeTooSTEM founder admits to creating Twitter persona who “died” of COVID-19
BethAnn McLaughlin invented @Sciencing_Bi, a Hopi anthropologist who died of COVID-19
  • "Anthropologist" = 605 primes ( "Pandemic" = 65 alphabetic )
They say just 1 fake anthropologist died of Coronavirus....
  • "1 Anthropologist" = 666 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • .. ( "The Fake Coronavirus" = 666 primes )
  • .. ( "Placebo Coronavirus" = 666 primes )
  • .. ( "Coronavirus: A Fraud" = 666 primes )
The secret of the word 'die' is 'dye'... see:
The colour of the...
  • "Royal Flu" = "Sick Joke" = "To Cure the Flu" = 777 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "The Anthropologists" = 773 primes ( "Lightbearer" = 773 trigonal )
  • "The Anthropologists" = 2021 trigonal
  • ...( "A Coronavirus Religion" = 2021 trigonal )
  • "A Virtual Anthropologist" = 1776 jewish-latin-agrippa
...and given that...
  • "Cryptography" = 1999 english-extended ( year of the film The Matrix )
... we have...
  • "MeTooSTEM" = 1999 squares
Of this #MeToo movement:
The Me Too (or #MeToo) movement, with variations of related local or international names, is a movement against sexual harassment and sexual abuse. [...] the movement began to spread virally as a hashtag (ie. # ) on social media.
Having great respect for the feminine, I am sympathetic to such initiatives, and I understand the pressures and difficulties that woman face in the arena of sexual consent and the abuses faced by many woman (and men for that matter)... however, one might want to pay more attention to the potential for mocking, since, arguably, nothing goes 'viral' unless the Powers-That-Be want it to.
What is the hashtag symbol really? It implies 'number', and it is known as the 'pound' sign.
The symbol '#' is known as the number sign, or hash, or (in North American usage) pound sign.
Ponder it: Pound Me Too?
Ponder it: Number Me Too?
Any hashtag implicitly asks one to decode the number behind the name.
Imagine a hashtag "#TheNumber'.
Let's pound out the number of #TheNumber:
  • "The Number" = 333 primes
The pre-headline of the article is:
On the Internet, no one knows you're a dog —
Where do stray dogs go?
The Pound.
Because Ammonium:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aas1Qrksls
Nyarlathotep
.
EDIT - next day:
https://www.wired.com/story/tragic-physics-deadly-explosion-beirut/
The Tragic Physics of the Deadly Explosion in Beirut
  • "A Deadly Explosion in Beirut" = 888 primes
  • ... "Government Authority" = 888 primes
The article sub-headline:
A blast injury specialist explores the chemistry—and history—of explosions like the one captured in videos that swept across the world.
  • "Oral History" = 888 jewish-latin-agrippa
As recounted elsewhere, the Greek Isopsephy value of 'Jesus' is 888.
With definite article (remembering that the Coronavirus/Covid pandemic was declared 3/11):
  • "The Deadly Explosion in Beirut" = 311 basic alphabetic
  • ... ( "Ammonium" = 311 primes )
  • .
  • "The Deadly Explosion in Beirut" = 311 basic alphabetic
  • ... ( "To Pacify" = 311 primes )
  • ... .. ( "The Romance" = 311 primes 322 jewish-latin-agrippa)
...and...
  • "The Deadly Explosion in Beirut" = 1,616 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Ritual Sacrifice" = 616 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. ( "Perfect Number" = 616 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • ... .. .. ( "Number" = "The Law" = 616 trigonal )
  • ... .. .. ... ( "Pattern" = 616 english-extended )
With quantum-entanglement augmentation:
  • "A=1: The Deadly Explosion in Beirut" = 1,618 jewish-latin-agrippa
ie. golden ratio, accurate to three decimal places ( "Symbolic" = 1,618 squares )
A blast injury specialist explores the chemistry—and history—of explosions
The Coronavirus outbreak occured in 2019, and the global pandemic declared in 2020 (off-by-one)
  • "Blast Injury Specialist" = 2019 english-extended
  • "A Blast Injury Specialist" = 2020 english-extended
  • "1 Blast Injury Specialist" = 2020 english-extended
The ...
  • "Grand Celebration" = 2020 squares ....
... of the priesthood of the ...
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal
... continues.
1. And what will you do about it?
Certainly,
"Citizen" = 666 jewish-latin-agrippa
... do peruse ...
  • "The List of Specials" = 666 jewish-latin-agrippa
News from 2018 has popped up in the CulturalLayer reddit:
https://old.reddit.com/CulturalLayecomments/i4xsx1/i_wonder_what_else_theyll_find/
  • "The Sphinx Riddle" = 742 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "The Riddle" = 247 primes )
submitted by Orpherischt to GeometersOfHistory [link] [comments]


2020.07.30 01:00 LearningIsListening A not-so-brief rundown of the letter ‘R’ in Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'

Below is a rundown of the letter ‘R’ under Epstein's contacts. Last year, I wrote about letters A-C. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cpis3n/a_brief_rundown_of_the_first_ten_pages_of_jeffrey/).
I also wrote about letters D-F on July 5, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hlrba8/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_df_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters G-I on July 13, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hqko0y/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_gi_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters J-L on July 15, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hrq9bg/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_jl_of_jeffrey/).
I posted letter M on July 20, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/huw0yt/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letter_m_in_jeffrey/).
I posted letters N-Q on July 27, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hyudbz/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_the_letters_nq_in_jeffrey/). There are some misspelled names. Epstein entered their names like this.
I have bolded some of the more interesting connections and information, but there could be much more that I overlooked. I hope something here strikes an interest in someone and maybe we can get more investigations out of this. Please, if you know anything more about any of these people than what is presented here, post below. I am working off of the unredacted black book found here: https://www.coreysdigs.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Jeffrey-Epsteins-Little-Black-Book-unredacted.pdf
R
Rachline, Nicholas: Best friend of Harvey Weinstein for over 30 years (https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/champs-elysees-film-festival-harvey-weinstein-334309), Rachline is a photographer. Rachline was also editor-in-chief of Above, a magazine dedicated to environmental protection, until its final issue a few years later. Contributors to the magazine included David de Rothschild, Robert F. Kennedy Jr, Richard Branson, and other well-known figures. The biannual magazine was distributed by Conde Nast, which also owns Tatler, Vogue, Glamour, GQ, Vanity Fair, The New Yorker, and other influential publications. Jeffrey Epstein’s connections to Conde Nast publications - specifically Tatler and Vogue - continues to grow.
Radziwill, Carole: Journalist for ABC News who also wrote a monthly column for Glamour (owned by Conde Nast). Carole was on the Real Housewives of New York City for 6 seasons. Carole was a good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell’s in the early 2000s. Maxwell even set her up with Prince Andrew after Carole’s husband, Prince Anthony Radziwill, died of cancer in 1999 (https://www.nickiswift.com/224731/the-truth-about-carole-radziwill-ghislaine-maxwell/). Radziwill was the nephew of Jacqueline Kennedy (JFK’s wife) and son of Polish Prince Stanislaw Albrecht Radziwill. He also served as best man at JFK Jr.’s wedding. There are several pictures of Carole and Ghislaine circulating which forced her to make a statement regarding her relationship with Maxwell and Epstein, whom she says she only met once.
Rankin, Mr Gavin: The former Europe, Middle East, and Asia (EMEA) head of managed investments for Citi Private Bank. Now works for HSBC in a similar position. Has ties to the Royal Family. His restaurant, Bellamy’s, is the “only restaurant where the Monarch has ever dined at (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-3504185/The-Queen-goes-dinner-Bellamy-s-restaurant.html).” The Queen even celebrated her 80th birthday there. Looking at the menu prices, it seems an odd choice considering it’s not some super high-end eatery. Rankin is also the heir apparent to the Rankin Baronetcy.
Rappaport, Don: Co-founder and CEO of American List Counsel (ALC). The ALC tried to sell personal information on one-million kids (ages 14-17), along with their parents’ names, household incomes, and ethnicities to advertising companies (https://www.mcall.com/news/breaking/mc-nws-data-broker-personal-info-20190319-story.html) just last year. In other words, Mr. Rappaport runs a company that collects data on children and sells this information to whomever is willing to buy it. Who else is Rappaport sharing this information with?
Rattazzi, Isabel: Former model. Isabel is a Countess through her marriage to Lupo dei Conti Rattazzi. Her husband is the son of Susanna Agnelli, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Member of Parliament in Italy. The Agnelli family are controlling shareholders of Fiat Automobiles.
Raynes, Patty: Daughter of billionaire oil and entertainment mogul, Marvin Davis (1925-2004). Patty is a well-known socialite in the Hamptons. Raynes hung out in the same circles as Ghislaine and Epstein. Her husband is a real estate developer.
Reardan, Kate: Editor of Tatler (another Tatler connection!) magazine from 2011-2017. Previously worked for Vanity Fair, another Conde Nast publication. Reardon was named one of London’s 1000 Most Influential People by the Evening Standard in 2007. She once dated Rupert Fairfax, aide to Prince Charles.
Reynal Michael: International investment banker.
Reynal, Miguel: There are a few Miguel Reynals. I believe it is the investment banker who once worked for Deutsche Bank because of the connection between Epstein and Deutsche Bank.
Reza, Ali: Founder of aviation company Freestream Aircraft Limited. Routinely deals with the wealthy and powerful (https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/11/sanctioned-russian-tycoon-hands-back-his-private-jets.html).
Ritblat, Nick Rebecca Willis: Nick is the son of John Ritblat, the former Chairman and CEO of British Land, one of the largest property development and investment companies in the UK. Nick has followed in his father’s footsteps, as he is also in the property development game.
Ritson Thomas Rupert: Descendent of James Bond author, Ian Fleming (https://www.henleystandard.co.uk/news/community/136373/james-bond-authors-descendents-win-1-2-million-claim-on-school-land.html). Attends parties with royalty (https://www.tatler.com/gallery/royal-ascot-2000). Brother of famous photographer, Hugo Rittson-Thomas, who supports The National Deaf Children’s Society.
Rivers, Joan (and Melissa Rivers): Joan was a very popular comedian and actress who died in 2014 during surgery. Many think she was murdered because of her comments about Michelle Obama’s gender. Joan was friends with Ghislaine Maxwell and knew her since at least the early ‘90s (https://www.salon.com/2019/07/09/i-was-a-friend-of-jeffrey-epstein-heres-what-i-know/). Joan was also good friends with Prince Charles and had a tight relationship with the Royal Family, as she often attended Royal events (https://www.biography.com/news/joan-rivers-prince-charles-friendship). Melissa is her daughter. She has no discernible talent whatsoever.
Robert, Joseph & Jill: Joseph E. Robert Jr. was an international real estate investor. Robert was known for his philanthropy. He donated $25 million (and raised $150 million more) to finance research on reducing the pain that children experience during surgery. He has been credited with raising nearly $1 billion for children’s charities ((https://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/09/business/joseph-e-robert-jr-investor-in-real-estate-dies-at-59.html). Robert founded Fight for Children, a charity meant to support at-risk children in Washington D.C. (https://www.fightforchildren.org/joseph-e-robert-j). Robert also donated a lot of money to Children’s National Hospital (https://www.bizjournals.com/washington/news/2019/10/24/here-s-what-children-s-national-is-bringing-to-the.html), which has scholarships named in his honor. He died of brain cancer in 2011. Jill was his wife.
Roberts, Deb: 99% sure this is the TV journalist for ABC News and wife of famous weatherman/TV personality Al Roker.
Robilant, Mr Edmondo di Maya: Edmondo is a fine art dealer. His wife, Maya, is a University lecturer, journalist, and television presenter.
Robin: Robin DeMetz is a personal friend of Epstein pal/alleged accomplice Naomi Campbell (https://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/30/nyregion/boldface-names-482374.html). She is married to Hasz DeMetz, who is in the diamond mining business.
Robinski, Kasia/Pod: Kasia is an investor and serves as director for several companies. No clue who/what Pod refers to.
Robinson, Jo & Lisa Shields: Lisa is the Vice President of Global Communications and Media Relations for the Council on Foreign Relations, where Epstein used to serve. No info on Joe, although I believe he is the gentleman on the left in this picture (https://www.patrickmcmullan.com/photo/0361960).
Rocksavage, David: The 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley and the Lord Great Chamberlain of the UK. He is a descendant of the Rothschild and Sassoon families through his grandmother, Sybil Sassoon. He is also the descendant of Britain’s first Prime Minister, Sir Robert Walpole. The Marquess doesn’t keep the best company. The Godfather of his twins bilked L’Oreal heiress, Liliane Bettencourt, out of £850 million in 2010 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1295083/L-Oreal-fraud-suspect-Marquess.html). He was convicted of ‘abuse of weakness’ in 2016. Rocksavage’s wife, Rose Hanbury, is the Marchioness of Cholmondeley. She is a patron of East Anglia’s Children’s Hospices (EACH) along with Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, and other royalty. Last year, there were rumors that Rose Hanbury had an affair with Prince William, Prince Charles’s eldest son and husband of Kate Middleton (https://news.yahoo.com/6-things-know-rose-hanbury-164552520.html).
Roedy, Bill: Former Vice President at HBO, former head honcho at MTV Europe, and Global Health Advisor. In 2018, Roedy was named Vice Chair of Gavi, The Vaccine Alliance (https://www.gavi.org/gavi-board-appoints-bill-roedy-as-vice-chair), which was founded in 2000 by… the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (https://www.gavi.org/our-alliance/about)! Roedy not only serves on the Council on Foreign Relations just like Epstein once did (Epstein preceded Roedy), but he also had connections to Robert Maxwell, Ghislaine’s father.
Rolfe, Gail: Freelance journalist and fashion editor who once worked for Tatler (again) and The Times (https://www.hachette.com.au/gail-rolfe/).
Ronson, Lisa: Gerald Ronson’s daughter (see below).
Ronson, Mr & Mrs Gerald: British furniture and property development tycoon. Gerald is a big-time philanthropist. In addition to the number of Jewish groups he gives money to, Ronson also serves as Vice President of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC). a children’s charity that several others in Epstein’s ‘black book’ (Jemma Kidd, Tim Jeffries, Mary Glanville, Clare Hazell-Ivaegh, Ben Holland-Martin, Manilo Marocco) and Princess Margaret have served. The number of suspected pedophiles and child traffickers that are involved with the NSPCC is mindblowing. As if that weren’t enough, Gerald was also good friends with Greville Janner, ex-Leicester MP who was constantly accused of child abuse before his death, but was able to evade culpability due to police constantly bungling the evidence (https://www.leicestermercury.co.uk/news/leicester-news/ex-leicester-mp-greville-janner-3869479). Gerald’s wife, Gail, is also a philanthropist of Jewish charities. Her first big event in 1983 was attended by Prince Charles and Princess Diana.
Rose, Wendy & Joe: Now divorced, Wendi and Joe are both real estate magnates in New York. Joe worked for Mayor Giuliani from 1993-2001.
Rose, Charlie & Burden, Amanda: Charlie Rose is a (former) famous television journalist who hosted the eponymous talk show, Charlie Rose. Jeffrey Epstein and Charlie Rose were thick as thieves. In fact, Epstein (and his assistant) called Rose many times and would recommend potential young assistants for Charlie Rose to hire (https://nymag.com/intelligence2019/07/jeffrey-epstein-high-society-contacts.html). Epstein frequently lunched with and attended parties with Rose. Rose’s show was cancelled in 2017 when eight women came out and accused him of sexual harassment (https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/eight-women-say-charlie-rose-sexually-harassed-them--with-nudity-groping-and-lewd-calls/2017/11/20/9b168de8-caec-11e7-8321-481fd63f174d_story.html). Since then, 27 more women have accused Charlie Rose of sexual harassment (https://www.vulture.com/2018/05/charlie-rose-27-women-new-accusers-sexual-harassment.html), bringing the grand total to 35. Rose also served on the Council on Foreign Relations, although I am unable to find out if his time there coincided with Epstein’s. Charlie’s former love interest, Amanda, has worked for Bloomberg since 2002, first as director of the New York City Department of City Planning, then as chair of the City Planning Commission, and now as a principal at Bloomberg Associates, a consulting service.
Rosen, Andrew: Fashion designer.
Rosen, Denis & Sylvia: Dennis was a well-respected British scientist. Sylvia was his wife and co-writer of London Science.
Rosencrantz, Ms Claudia: British television executive and journalist. She was Controller of Entertainment for ITV for over ten years. Voted one of Britain’s 50 most inspirational women in 2018 by the Daily Mail.
Rosenfield, Donald: Movie producer. Former President of Merchant Ivory Productions from 1986-1998.
Rosenstein, Rob: Co-founder of Agoda. Similar to Expedia, Orbitz, Priceline, etc, Agoda provides its users with information on flights and hotels
Rosenthal, Jane: Co-founder of the Tribeca Film Festival and Tribeca Productions film studio with Robert De Niro. Good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell (https://www.barefootpalmbeach.com/post/epstein) and Peggy Siegal (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/jane-rosenthal-and-peggy-siegal-attend-lunch-in-honor-of-news-photo/591348640), Epstein’s plug into New York celebrity society.
Roth, Peter Thomas & Noreen: Peter Thomas Roth is the founder of the skin care and cosmetics company that bears his name. Roth graduated from Dalton school in 1975, where Epstein taught him during his senior year. Roth has lauded Epstein as a “brilliant teacher.” Epstein later served Roth’s tutor to prepare him for the Wharton School at Penn (http://www.virginislandsdailynews.com/ap/how-epstein-went-from-teaching-to-wall-street/article_59c0234e-cf7d-59c3-96a7-bb8a04dacaa8.html). Roth admits to going to Epstein’s mansion once, although he says only middle-aged people were present (https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/12/nyregion/jeffrey-epstein-dalton-teacher.html). This story would be more plausible if Epstein didn’t have eight phone numbers, two addresses, and an email address listed under Roth’s name. It would also be more believable if they didn’t live two blocks away from each other in NYC. Noreen is Peter’s ex-wife. She serves as Managing Director of his company.
Rothchild, Jessica: Actually Jessica de Rothschild, daughter of billionaire financier Sir Evelyn de Rothschild (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/prince-charles-prince-of-wales-speaks-with-with-sir-evelyn-news-photo/467631086?adppopup=true) and Lynn Forester de Rothschild, close friend of Hillary Clinton. Jessica used to be a writer for Tatler magazine, which Epstein is deeply connected to through his contacts. Runs in the same circles as Epstein and Maxwell.
Rothchild, Hannah: The eldest child of Jacob Rothschild (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/lord-jacob-rothschild-attends-the-launch-of-the-stella-news-photo/972453692?adppopup=true), Hannah is a businesswoman and was the first female Chair of the Board of Trustees of the National Gallery in London. In 2018, Hannah took over as Chair of Yad Hanadiv (https://www.yadhanadiv.org.il/about-yad-hanadiv), a pro-Israel Rothschild organization/charity which has been running in its current form since 1958. The actual history dates back to the late 1800s when Baron Edmond de Rothschild sought to “support Jewish revival in Palestine.” Yad Hanadiv is responsible for building the Knesset (Israeli parliament), the Supreme Court, and is currently working on the New National Library in Israel. Hannah is also a Trustee of the Rothschild Foundation, which has been a long-time patron of… the NSPCC children’s charity (https://www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/annual-reports/nspcc-annual-report-2006.pdf), where countless other suspected pedophiles and pedophile sympathizers find themselves orbiting.
Rothenburg, Rich: Former portfolio manager and researcher at Deutsche Bank, which was recently fined $150 million for ignoring Epstein’s suspicious transactions (https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/07/business/jeffrey-epstein-deutsche-bank-fine/index.html).
Rotherwick, Tania & Robin: Tania is an old friend of Ghislaine Maxwell (https://www.tatler.com/article/where-on-earth-is-ghislaine-maxwell) and ex-girlfriend of Prince Andrew. She is also the sister-in-law of Mark Carney, who served as the Governor of the Bank of England from 2013-2020. Her ex-husband, Robin Cayzer, is the 3rd Baron Rotherwick. He has served in the House of Lords since 1996.
Rothschild, Edouard de: Son of Guy de Rothschild, who was the great-great-grandson of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, the person responsible for founding the family’s banking empire in the 18th century. Edouard was head of the family’s Paris-based Rothschild & Cie Banque from 1987-2004, when he stepped down.
Rothschild, Evelyn de: Businessman and banker supposedly worth $20 billion, although many think it’s actually a lot more. In addition to poking Prince Charles (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/prince-charles-prince-of-wales-speaks-with-with-sir-evelyn-news-photo/467631086?adppopup=true), Evelyn has also asserted his dominance of many companies and corporations by acting as Chairman or Director of The Economist (1972-1989), De Beers (1977-1994), IBM, and many others. Evelyn has served as Queen Elizabeth II’s financial advisor for decades (https://www.jewoftheweek.net/2017/11/29/jews-of-the-week-evelyn-de-rothschild-jacob-rothschild/). Evelyn’s wife, Lynn Forester de Rothschild, was completely enamored with Epstein. Before his death, Epstein claimed that he loaned Lynn money when she was going through a divorce in the early ‘90s, before she became a Rothschild (https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2019/08/the-mystery-of-ghislaine-maxwell-epstein-enabler). Lynn was responsible for setting up an introduction between Epstein and Bill Clinton in 1995 (https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8362601/Bill-Clinton-confessed-Jeffrey-Epstein-slept-Monica-Lewinsky.html). Alan Dershowitz wrote an essay earlier this month where he opens by saying that he was introduced to Ghislaine Maxwell by Evelyn and Lynn de Rothschild (https://spectator.us/ghislaine-maxwell-know-jeffrey-epstein-alan-dershowitz/). Ghislaine lived in a NYC townhouse that Lynn (allegedly) sold to one of Epstein’s companies for more than $8 million below market value (https://www.businessinsider.com/ghislaine-maxwell-jeffrey-epstein-father-real-estate-assets-foundation-2019-8#until-2016-maxwell-lived-in-a-5-million-new-york-townhouse-bought-by-a-company-with-the-same-address-as-epsteins-business-office-10). While it is widely believed that Ghislaine introduced Epstein to Prince Andrew, there are conflicting accounts that claim that Lynn was the one who introduced the two (https://nypost.com/2020/07/11/ghislaine-maxwell-didnt-introduce-epstein-to-prince-andrew-pal/). The Rothschilds are also extremely close with the Clintons. They even spent part of their honeymoon in the White House during Bill’s presidency back in 2000 (https://www.politico.eu/article/economist-magazine-shareholders-british-commerce-rothschild/). They remain close to this day, as both Evelyn and Lynn have donated and contributed heavily to Hillary’s past campaigns.
Roumugere, Caroline: Carolyn is a jeweller who makes unique pieces inspired by her upbringing in Kenya (http://www.carolynroumeguere.com/about). Her father was a close friend of artist Salvador Dali.
Royle, Hon Lucinda: Wife of Rupert Ponsonby, 7th Baron de Mauley, a British politician. Daughter of Anthony Royle, Baron Fanshawe of Richmond, a Member of Parliament for Richmond, Surrey (1959-1983) and businessman. Royle coincidentally stepped down as MP shortly after the Elm Guest House scandal (https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/elm-guest-house-abuse-scandal-1857494) became known to the public. It turns out that British politicians and other high-ranking members of society were sexually abusing children. All of this happened in Richmond, where Royle served as MP. Of course, nobody has been charged. Oh yeah, the owner of Elm Guest House, Carole Kasir, who supposedly kept a list of Elm Guest House attendees, died under murky circumstances (https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/secret-files-prove-carole-kasir-11506791). Anthony Royle also famously sided with Michael Heseltine over Margaret Thatcher during the 1985 Westland Affair. Heseltine appeared earlier in the black book (check out the G-I thread for more info). Heseltine invested in Conservative Parliament member Harvey Proctor’s business after Proctor was forced to resign after it was revealed he had sexual relationships with and took nude pictures of male prostitutes aged 17-21 at his home (https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/members-interests-top-tories-lose-on-proctors-shop-the-retailer-1445666.html). At the time, it was illegal to have same-sex relations with prostitutes under the age of 21.
Rucellai, Natalie: PR specialist for Rocco Forte Hotels. Used to do PR for Giorgio Armani. The Rucellai family married into the Medici family in 1461. Although the Rucellais are not a Black Nobility family, the Medici family certainly is.
Rudnick, Della: This is actually Della Rounick, the former CEO of the fashion company HE-RO Group. She is now an artist and sculptor.
Russel, Michelle: A senior executive in asset management.
Rust, Marina & Ian: Marina is a former contributing editor at Vogue (again) magazine. She is the granddaughter of Marshall Field III, an investment banker and heir to the Marshall Field department store fortune. Rust often attended the same parties as Ghislaine Maxwell. She is photographed here with Ghislaine, Tom Ford, and Countess Sally Albemarle (https://www.patrickmcmullan.com/photo/0010136), all of whom are in Epstein’s black book. She is also friends with Lauren du Pont of the billionaire family (https://www.newyorksocialdiary.com/traveling-down-memory-lane/). Her husband, Ian Connor is an investment banker at Lazard Freres, a bank that has repeatedly come up during research of Epstein’s contacts. Marina and Ian literally live around the block from Epstein’s NYC mansion.
Rustow, Tim: Uncertain, but my best guess would be the portfolio manager who is the son of Dankwart Rustow, a famous expert in political science and sociology, and brother of historian Marina Rustow.
Rutland Duke and Duchess: David Manners, the 11th Duke of Rutland, is the owner of Belvoir Castle. His wife, Emma Manners (nee Watkins), the Duchess of Rutland, is pictured here in front of the castle (https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/emma-manner-duchess-of-rutland-during-the-launch-event-for-news-photo/1206547435?adppopup=true), enjoying her afternoon tea. She runs the commercial activities at Belvoir Castle. Manners has been (allegedly) entangled with Ghislaine Maxwell since the 1980s.
Now for the controversial stuff. The Duke and Duchess hired former MP Harvey Proctor in 2003 to be their private secretary. Proctor is a disgraced MP who was forced to resign in 1987 after it was revealed that he had sexual relationships with and took nude pictures of male prostitutes aged 17-21 at his home (source: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/members-interests-top-tories-lose-on-proctors-shop-the-retailer-1445666.html). At the time, it was illegal to have same-sex relations with prostitutes under the age of 21. There is a wonderful and brief expose here (https://theneedleblog.wordpress.com/2015/01/09/blackmail-the-maxwells-harvey-proctor-and-the-marquis-of-granby/) that builds a strong relationship between Proctor, Manners, and Ghislaine Maxwell, and explains why Manners would hire a disgraced pedophile as his personal secretary, which I will quickly sum up: Robert Maxwell’s newspapers were publishing damaging pieces on Harvey Proctor in 1986, when allegations of his sexual improprieties first started to leak. A threat was made by a caller who said if Maxwell continued running these stories on Proctor, they would reveal that Maxwell’s daughter, Ghislaine, was having an affair with the “son of a Duke.” This would be David Manners, who was not yet Duke of Rutland since his father (the 10th Duke of Rutland) was still alive. Manners dismissed the allegation as “nonsense,” but went on to hire Proctor in 2003, three years after Proctor’s shirtmaking business was liquidated. Some may say that Proctor would have the most to gain by threatening Robert Maxwell back in the ‘80s and that maybe he used that information to find a job with Manners once his shirt business went belly-up. This is all speculation, of course.
Ruttenberg, Eric & Perri: Eric is the co-managing partner at Tinicum, the private investment firm his father founded in 1974. His wife, Perri (nee Peltz), is a former broadcast journalist who worked for NBC, ABC (she worked on the show, 20/20, hosted by pedophile protector and friend of Ghislaine, Barbara Walters), and CNN from 1987-2002. Peltz is a member of the “Tennis Girls” (insert roll eyes emoji), a group that includes Epstein helper Peggy Siegal, Tory Burch, Christina Cuomo (Chris Cuomo’s wife), Ariadne Calvo-Platero, Kitty Sherrill, and Renee Rockefeller (https://pagesix.com/2011/12/23/tough-enough-for-jennet/). Everyone in that group is listed in Epstein’s black book except for Sherrill and Rockefeller. Coincidentally, Perri attended Dalton, the exclusive private high school, in the mid-late ‘70s when Epstein taught there.
Ryder, Mr Nicholas: Uncertain. Some info found but couldn’t confirm either way.
submitted by LearningIsListening to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.07.30 00:21 HonestMission An LGBTQ culture and media starter pack (not a question; LONG list of recommendations)

Hi! I've recently noticed that there has been several posts from gaybros who seem to feel really disconnected from and disengaged with the LGBTQ community. That's understandable, especially when these uncertain times mean that most people aren't in a good frame of mind or at their best.
Seeing that we're all socially distancing, and perhaps still under some form of lockdown, I thought that it would be a good idea to post a (warning: LONG) reading/watching/listening list, given that some of us have plenty of spare time on our hands. I hope that you enjoy discovering something new!
I love many items, and care a lot less for others, but I've tried to approach this objectively. Some music suggestions, btw, aren't by LGBTQ artists, but all of them have appealed varyingly to our community. I've also omitted the really obvious stuff, such as Brokeback Mountain, Madonna and Will & Grace etc.
Feel free to contribute and add your own favourites! A special thanks goes to my good friend, u/Manor4548, for getting the ball rolling with his excellent suggestions. Also, if our excellent mods feel that this post in inappropriate, I'm more than happy to remove it. Please take care and stay safe!
Books
Giovanni's Room by James Baldwin (1956) - intelligent and thoughtful novel from a black gay writer, whose seminal work is currently more important than ever
Quatrefoil: A Modern Novel by James BarJames Fugaté (1950) - ground-breaking romance novel about two men who ultimately reach of point of self-confidence and acceptance
Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic by Alison Bechdel (2006) - lesbian-themed graphic memoir
Senses series by Andrew Grey (2012-2016) - frothy and sentimental yet endearing and engaging romance novels about disabled gay men
Outskirts: Living Life On The Edge by John Grindrod (2017) - part history of the green belt and part memoir of growing up in the British countryside as a gay youngster
Maurice by EM Forster (1971) - posthumously published novel, from the author of Howard's End, which was originally written between 1913 and 1914
The Swimming Pool Library (1988), The Spell (1998) and The Line Of Beauty (2004) by Alan Hollingworth - accomplished and boundary-pushing novelist who explores British gay socio-culture
Tigers & Devils series by Sean Kennedy (2009-2019) - idealistic yet thoroughly likeable romance novels about a charmingly misanthropic movie festival director and a kind yet closeted Australian footballer
The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway (1926) - accidentally queer novel that concerns toxic masculinity; this Literary Hub article provides an excellent introduction to the unintentional queerness of Hemingway's work
Trans: A Memoir by Juliet Jacques (2015) - a British memoir about gender transition, with some thoughtful reflections on trans politics
Insignificant Others by Stephen McCauley (2010) - fun and smart "slice of life" novel about a 50-something gay man
Red, White & Royal Blue by Casey McQuiston (2019) - playful teen romcom about a bisexual First Son who develops feelings for an English prince
The Last Romeo by Justin Myers (2018) - 30-something Bridget Jones-esque comedy of errors romance about a gay British web journalist who starts a dating blog
The Charioteer by Mary Renault (1953) - cerebral, moving and ultimately positive historical novel, set in a military hospital during World War II, which has prominent themes of repression and self-discovery
A Natural by Ross Raisin (2017) - subtle British novel about a closeted and introverted soccer player
Coming Out To Play by Robbie Rogers with Eric Marcus (2014) - if you love soccer and prefer non-fiction, however, then you might like this memoir from the first openly gay MLS player
Naked by David Sedaris (1997) - a collection of 40-something autobiographical essays from a gay humourist
Real Life by Brandon Taylor (2020) - gay-themed campus novel where a black doctoral student comes of age in a midwestern town
Out Of The Woods by Luke Turner (2019) - frank, intimate and sexually explicit British memoir that deals with bisexuality, religion, sexual abuse, outdoor sex, internalised homophobia and binary labels
Check, Please! by Ngozi Ukazu (2013-2020) - hilarious webcomic about an adorkable gay figure skater, who loves baking and joins his college's ice hockey team-cum-fraternity
Upside Down by NR Walker (2019) - Australian comedy romance involving two homoromantic asexuals
The Less Than Epic Adventures Of TJ & Amal by EK Weaver (2009-2014) - webcomic where a gay slacker comes out and goes on a road trip
Movies & TV
Banana Fish (2018) - anime TV series, based on a magna from the '80s, with a gay male co-protagonist
Beautiful Thing (1996) - idealistic yet 100% charming and pandemic-friendly coming out teen romance, which oozes summery cinematography in one of London's brutalist council estates; Jonathan Harvey later wrote the BBC sitcoms Gimme Gimme Gimme (1999-2001) and Beautiful People (2008-2009)
BPM (2017) - charismatic and moving French drama about HIV-AIDS activism in the early '90s
Bob & Rose (2001) - acclaimed yet short-lived British comedy-drama series, from the creator of Queer As Folk, about an openly gay male school teacher who starts a relationship with a woman
Boy Meets Girl (2015-2016) - realistic enough yet very slight BBC sitcom about a 26-year-old man who falls in love with a 40-year-old trans woman
The Broken Hearts Club: A Romantic Comedy (2000) - likeable, peppy, relatable, upbeat and generally unproblematic "slice of life" movie, about a gay friendship group, from the director of the problematic and overrated Love, Simon; co-stars John Mahoney, Dean Cain and a young Zach Braff
Dead Poets Society (1989) and School Ties (1992) - deeply homoerotic prep school movies
Edge Of Seventeen (1998) - arguably the most realistic coming out movie ever made, although the emphasis is firmly on the "coming of age" side of things
End Of The Century (2019) - 30-something Argentine holiday romance, which is heavily inspired by Before Sunrise and set in Barcelona
Happy Endings (2011-2013) - underrated 20-something American sitcom, with a loveable co-protagonist that's undoubtedly a beacub
Gaycation (2016-2017) - global travel documentary series, co-presented by Ellen Page, which has an LGBTQ slant
Grandma's House (2010-2012) - naturalistic BBC sitcom about a gay son and his Jewish family
Jeffrey (1995) - subversive AIDS-themed romantic comedy which, despite an outstanding supporting performance from Patrick Stewart that really should have garnered an Oscar nomination, is flawed and an acquired taste
Latter Days (2003) and The Falls (2012) - ultra low-budget romantic dramas about gay Mormons, but ultimately more pandemic-friendly than the conversion therapy drama Boy Erased (2018)
Longtime Companion (1989) and The Normal Heart (2014) - emotional and touching dramas about the HIV-AIDS crisis in NYC; Matt Bomer and Jim Parsons' performances in the latter merit special praise
Love Is Strange (2014) - 60-something romantic drama about discrimination and family, starring John Lithgow and Alfred Molina
Love, Valour, Compassion (1997) - melodramatic comedy-drama about a 40-something gay friendship group, although this one is a bitchier and snarkier watch than The Broken Hearts Club; features a star turn from Jason Alexander as a dying HIV-AIDS patient
Maurice (1987) - excellent period drama adaptation of EM Forster's novel; co-stars a young Hugh Grant
A Moment In The Reeds (2017) - romantic drama where a Finnish man bonds with a Syrian asylum seeker at a lakehouse
My Beautiful Laundrette (1985) - pioneering British comedy-drama that critiques racism and Thatcherism, among other things, with a prominent gay subplot; co-stars a young Daniel Day-Lewis
My Own Private Idaho (1991) - surreal road trip drama, partially based on Shakespeare's Henry IV and Henry V, about street hustlers; directed by Gus Van Sant, and starring Keanu Reeves and River Phoenix
Mysterious Skin (2004) - dark, difficult and uncompromising independent drama about the effect of historic sexual abuse on a gay teenage hustler; stars a young Joseph Gordon-Levitt
1985 (2018) - excellent monochrome drama about a closeted and dying man with HIV-AIDS, who is trying to come out to his conservative and suburban family at Christmas
Ocean Waves (1993) - underrated and accidentally queer TV movie from Studio Ghibli; if you don't mind spoilers, then this YouTube video comprehensively explains why Ocean Waves is accidentally queer
Open To Question: Justin Fashanu (1992) - Justin Fashanu, the first openly gay professional soccer player and first black player to command a £1m transfer fee, is interviewed on a Q&A programme for young people; it has been archived online by the BBC as an important historical document
Outland (2012) and Please Like Me (2013-2016) - two Australian comedy series; the former is about five members of an LGBTQ sci-fi club and the latter is about a newly out millennial slacker (which co-stars Pippa from Home & Away!)
Pain & Glory (2019) - Pedro Almodóvar's most recent and arguably most accomplished movie
Paris Is Burning (1990) - important long-form BIPOC/BAME documentary about NYC ballroom culture
Priscilla, Queen Of The Desert (1994) - inspired road trip comedy about three Australian drag queens
Queer Britain (2017) - excellent BBC youth documentary series about LGBTQ issues in Britain, with episodes dedicated to religion, body image, homelessness, racism, porn, and queer identity
Self-Portrait in 23 Rounds: A Chapter In David Wojnarowicz's Life, 1989-1991 (2018) and Keith Haring: Street Art Boy (2020) - long-form documentaries about two iconic gay artists, who died from HIV
Shelter (2007) - cute yet slight low-budget drama about gay self-discovery in the American suburbs
Sum Of Us (1994) - thoroughly affable Australian comedy-drama about a gay son and his accepting father; co-stars a young and pre-fame Russell Crowe
Tales Of The City series (1993, 1998, 2001, 2019) - TV adaptation of seminal gay novel and its sequels
A Taste of Honey (1961) - monochrome kitchen sink dramedy, with a gay male supporting character, which is set in Manchester
Tofu (2015) - short-form web documentary series, from the creator of Queer As Folk, which explores modern attitudes towards sex, with a heavy emphasis on the LGBTQ side of it
Trick (1999) - please take this idealistic overnight romance with a pinch of salt - even if it realistically tackles internalised homophobia in a way that Love, Simon never managed to do - but this superb dramedy is still one of the best and most pandemic-friendly gay movies
The Outs (2012-2013, 2016) - largely realistic and utterly charming web drama about gay adulting in NYC, with a peerless soundtrack; I low-key stan the loveable Jack and Scruffy
Verbotene Liebe (2007-2013) - surprisingly good supercouple plot from a German soap opera, involving a bisexual amateur boxer turned horse trainer, Christian, and his boyfriend/husband, Oliver
The Way He Looks (2014) - cute Brazilian teen romance about blindness and self-discovery
The Wedding Banquet (1993) - Oscar-nominated romantic comedy from China, directed by Ang Lee
Weekend (2011) - minimalist and naturalistic weekend romance, set in the outskirts of Nottingham
Wild Reeds (1994) - Cannes-nominated sexual awakening teen drama, set in early '60s France
Music
Little Earthquakes by Tori Amos (1992) - a very strong introduction to eccentric yet loveable piano-led college pop-rock
Northern Star by Melanie C (1999) - British equivalent of Madonna's seminal Ray Of Light (1998)
Blue Bell Knoll (1988) and Heaven Or Las Vegas (1990) by Cocteau Twins - pioneering ambient dream-pop, which are perhaps the ideal albums for jerk-off sessions and physical intimacy
Doppelgänger by Curve (1992) - a gothic, melodramatic and moody fusion of shoegaze and industrial electronica; fans of Garbage will LOVE this album
No Angel by Dido (1999) - another album that's ideal for masturbation and sex
Disgraceful by Dubstar (1995) - slightly out of time, albeit still excellent, synth-pop from the mid '90s
Chorus by Erasure (1991) - analogue-based synth-pop; will interest those into video game soundtracks, given that it practically sounds like music from Amiga titles at various points
Amplified Heart by Everything But The Girl (1994) - eloquent fusion of acoustic folk-pop and electronica; Tracey Thorn's Record (2018) further consolidated her appeal to the LGBTQ community
Sue (1989) and Ray (1991) by Frazier Chorus - arty and gentle woodwind-based synth-pop that also has the bitchiest and most subversive lyrics imaginable
Chemistry by Girls Aloud (2005) and Emotion by Carly Rae Jepsen (2015) - bubblegum pop artists that throw curveballs by unexpectedly moving into indie-baiting dance-pop territory
Black Cherry by Goldfrapp (2003), State Of Mind by Holly Valance (2003), Come & Get It by Rachel Stevens (2005) and Trip The Light Fantastic by Sophie Ellis-Bextor (2007) - highly regarded electropop albums from the mid-2000s
Françoise Hardy Sings In English by Françoise Hardy (1966), Infamous Angel by Iris DeMent (1992), Whatever by Aimee Mann (1993) and Out Of Range by Ani DiFranco (1994) - refined and superior singer-songwriter material
Paradise AKA Big Fun by Inner City (1989), Adeva by Adeva (1989), And Still I Rise by Alison Limerick (1992) and Everybody's Free by Rozalla (1992) - underrated diva house albums from the late '80s and early '90s
Bonito Generation by Kero Kero Bonito (2016) - day-glo dance-pop that's heavily influenced by The B-52s, J-pop, video game soundtracks, dancehall culture and mid-'90s Eurodance
The Death Of Cool by Kitchens Of Distinction (1992), Copper Blue by Sugar (1992), The Sound Of McAlmont & Butler by McAlmont & Butler (1995), D-D-Don't Stop The Beat by Junior Senior (2002), The Smell Of Our Own by The Hidden Cameras (2003), i by The Magnetic Fields (2004) and Silent Alarm by Bloc Party (2005) - indie bands that are fronted/co-fronted by openly gay men
Thinking It Over by Liberty X (2002) - surprisingly good R&B-led pop from talent show runner-ups
Crooked Mile by Microdisney (1987) - includes Rack, one of the most articulate songs ever written about AIDS; the same applies to It Couldn't Happen Here from Actually by Pet Shop Boys (1987)
Light Years by Kylie Minogue (2000) - perhaps the most cohesive introduction to the Australian queen
Loveless by My Bloody Valentine (1991) - Mysterious Skin undoubtedly proves that shoegaze has LGBTQ appeal, although this is challenging stuff and not for the faint-hearted
Passive Soul by Orlando (1997) - fragile and wallflowery pop that puts a heavy slant on the eclectic
Behaviour by Pet Shop Boys (1990), Echoes by Will Young (2011) and Choreography by Bright Light Bright Light (2016) - gay introspection from 30-something Brits
Very by Pet Shop Boys (1993) and The Tension & The Spark by Darren Hayes (2004) - 30-something coming out albums
Different Class by Pulp (1995) and Coming Up by Suede (1996) - camp and glamorous yet laddy and seedy Britpop, which is largely preoccupied with drugs and sex
A Secret Wish by Propaganda (1985) - gothic and literate synth-pop from Düsseldorf
Body Talk by Robyn (2010) - boundary-pushing dance-pop from the Swedish queen
Original Soundtrack by S-Express (1989) - one of the first UK house music albums to have originated from LGBTQ nightclubs
Foxbase Alpha (1991), So Tough (1993) and Tales From Turnpike House (2005) by Saint Etienne - summery indie-dance cultural love letters to London; Pedro Almodóvar is a big fan of them
Hormonally Yours by Shakespeares Sister (1992) - gothic, melodramatic, sassy and vampy glam pop-rock
We Are Shampoo by Shampoo (1994) and On The Loose by Deuce (1995) - unashamedly trashy bubblegum pop; the latter band was created by former Pet Shop Boys manager Tom Watkins
Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret by Soft Cell (1981) and Youthquake by Dead Or Alive (1985) - camp and melodramatic synth-pop from northern England
Illinois (2005) and Carrie & Lowell (2015) by Sufjan Stevens - if you've seen the movie Call Me By Your Name (2017), then you'll know who this guy is
La Varieté by Weekend (1982), Life by The Cardigans (1995), The Sound Of Music by Pizzicato Five (1995) and Good Humor by Saint Etienne (1998) - fey, kitschy and peppy lounge indie-pop
Titanic Rising by Weyes Blood (2019), Saint Cloud by Waxahatchee (2020) and Punisher by Phoebe Bridgers (2020) - minimalist indie for hipsters
YouTubers
Sam Cushing - likeably grounded and motivated guy who plays the piano and loves his workouts
Riyadh Khalaf - the Iranian-Irish vlogger presenter of Queer Britain
Husband & Husband - nerdy married couple who write comic books and fantasy novels
LanceTheDriver - adorable mature student who loves cars and constantly strives to do good
Eric Mason - endearing and insightful lyrical breakdowns of songs by pop divas
Jacob Michael - cerebral and eloquent musings on the state of modern gay life
PK Creedon - good natured sporty couple who authentically fuse their femininity and masculinity
PJ & Thomas - lovely suburban couple who work in real estate and have adopted a trio of toddlers
Michael Rizzi and Dominick Whelton - sweet city boys who love their fashion and pop culture
Noah Roth and Christian Cook - wholesome college-aged couple who love painting and the outdoors
Stepsof2Foreigners - articulate and refined American-Brazilian couple who are into their travel
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2020.07.28 00:11 Jrubas The Dhampir

I found this among my grandfather's papers after he died. He was a writer and historian who dealt in the supernatural. He had many artifacts from around the world, most of which we donated. This was in a leatherbound notebook.


It would be a lie to say that curiosity alone drove me from America in the summer of 1937. My ancestral lineage had always intrigued me, but something darker brought about this idle exercise. Even though I would not have admitted it then, I was fleeing my increasingly inactive pen. My firm mind and abilities had somehow softened, and I found myself stricken when set before a blank page. I would spend horrible hours doing little more than scribbling; my wastebasket overflowed and debilitating terror was setting in. lying to myself, saying that my study had become unbearably stuffy, I would rush out of the house and walk the moon washed streets of Richmond like a damned soul, my mind grim.
It was after the dry, horrid winter and spring of '36-'37 that I first began to seriously consider tracing my roots. I knew of some relatives in small, faraway lands, and only had to contact them to begin.
What could have been done by mail I chose to do in person.
After a long stay in London visiting with a young artist just beginning his study into the art of the nightmare, I left England on a nasty day in November.
For the better part of a year I investigated my family and the places and experience from whence they came, starting on my mother's side: French and Belgian. Then slowly, after I had met my distant relatives and had seen the hometowns of my race, I moved onto my father's side: German. The main concentration lived in Berlin and Hamburg, with others in Hanover and parts of Switzerland.
Soon, the respite was coming to an end. I had met all whom I could meet and I had seen all that I could see. I had visited graves, read yellowed papers in Courthouses all across the Continent and knew like my ABCs everyone in my family's once murky history. But thankfully, several nights before I was forced to return to America to face the cold, hard facts, a newspaper article caught my eye and my interest.
It seemed that a mini wave of vampyre hysteria had swept through the small neighboring country of Liechtenstein. Several people had mysteriously died of apparent tuberculosis in two villages, Helsnflt and Kauftenyzysburg, and there were complaints of bodies being exhumed and mutilated.
Seeing that my trip was near expiration, and feeling that such an atmosphere of dread and terror would be conductive to my morbid imagination, I decided to visit one of the villages the next day. I consulted my cousin Klaus and discovered that the town of Kauftenyzysburg was only a drive of no more than one-hundred miles from Flugen, the village where he and his family lived.
I set out the next day going south; it was warm at first but soon the sky turned cloudy and threatening. At the border I was held up by damned Nazis for nearly an hour before they bumblingly established that I was not a Jewish child to be picked on and allowed me to leave the country.
The land that I soon found myself in was, to say the least, breathtaking and bizarre. The pine forests flanking the highway overhung it, thus it was twilight even at noon, and the ancient rocky hills and pristine lakes in the east brooded in dark majesty. I soon became convinced, perhaps from the lack of other motor vehicle on the highway and the absences of human habitations, that I had fallen into a dimensional warp and had traveled back to medieval times.
Finally, nailed to the twisted trunk of an immortal pine growing close to the road, I saw a crooked sign that indicated Kauftenyzysburg was less than ten miles away.
For the next half an hour, though, I sped along in the dark, blurry forest, disorientated and growing panicked.
Thankfully, before long I saw the sign that actually welcomed one to Kauftenyzysburg
The village sat atop an island rising from the dark, primal forest, the spire of its single church seemingly a beacon to all who sought refuge from the modern world. The town comprised a line of tasteful wood and brick buildings clustered along a single stone street which to the summit was dirt. It was dark cast against the somber sky.
Flecks of dirt and grit plumed around me and found their way into my mouth, nose and eyes. I cursed myself for not pulling up the top.
The motor had a difficult time ascending the steep incline, which passed by a series of farms on the left and by a stone-encircled cemetery, the alleged abode of the vampyres, on the right.
Sputtering and jerking, the car limped up the lane. Shortly I was embraced by the wise Germanic buildings and welcomed by the paved street. The grade leveled out, and I was in the town. Charming and warm from afar, it now affected a cold, drab air. On either side the gray stone walls were unbroken save by glassless windows and unmolested archways. The raspy wheeze of my car echoed off of the surrounding canyons, seemingly many times amplified. Forms bathed in shadows appeared in some of the windows and then bled secretly away.
Queerly uneasy, I pulled to the curb and quickly killed the engine, plunging the town once again into its primordial silence. Looking almost cautiously at the high walls, I slid out of the car and clicked the door self-consciously shut behind me.
Most of the faded signs above the yawning thresholds were in a form of German utterly alien to me. I saw one that clearly announced the town inn, and almost reluctantly I pulled myself away from the motor's side.
Still accustomed to the urban perils of Berlin and Hamburg, I jerked both ways before I crossed, my steps echoing in a grizzly fashion.
Inside I found that I stood at the head of a short, dark hall which opened onto a wide, open room. Bits of the aforementioned room were feebly lit by flickering candle light dancing satanically across the wall.
I lifted one leaden foot and sat it down easily, irrationally afraid of disturbing the deathly hush more than I already had.
I saw upon entering the room that it was a tavern of sorts. A short bar hugged the right wall, protecting free standing kegs shoved away like unspeakable memories and shelves boasting rows of glass bottles. The middle and left of the room were totally barren save for a forlorn chair in the geographical center, the floor seemingly scuffed by many generations of dancing feet.
Several forms, utterly ignorant of my presence, sat hunched at the bar shrouded in smoke. Soft words were exchanged between one of them and the innkeeper behind the bar, a large bald man in his early fifties with glasses.
"Hello," I said through dry lips, the German coming hard, "may I inquire about a room for the night?"
None of the men turned save for the man behind the bar. He looked at me appraisingly and asked something in a bizarre, strangely soft tone.
"Pardon me?"
He looked at me as if I were an extraterrestrial being before a thin man in a suit sitting swayingly at the end of the bar spoke to him on my behalf.
"There's only one room left," the man huskily interpreted for me in a pleasant English accent, "the worst one. The shutters are broken and it winds here somethin' terrible."
I considered.
"That's fine with me," I told the Englishman, who in turn told the barkeep.
"How much?"
The Englishman asked the innkeeper, and then laughed at his reply.
"Fifteen, even though it's a subpar room. Have you any cases?"
I nodded, and without consulting the innkeeper the Englishman replied, "Oh, you'll get 'em yourself; he's too bloomin lazy."
"Thank you," I told the Englishman.
"Ah, think nothing of it. Why don't you have a seat and a drink before you scamper off?"
With a smile, I came to the bar and sat down on the stool nearest the Englishman. His face was rugged and pale; his strong, angular chin covered in gritty stubble and his thick, wavy hair was the color of rust. He was a slight man of no more than 5'6 and one-hundred-pounds, and affected a lax Whitechapel air.
"My name's Roger Wilson, by the way, Her Majesty's Royal pub-rat," he said. We shook hands, his grip warm and strong.
"I'm John Wimplinger," I replied, "Mr. Roosevelt's presidential poet and journeyman."
"Ah, a poet," Wilson said with delight, "finally, the company of a sane man. What'll you have?"
"Lager," I replied after a considerate moment. "I'm not picky; as long as it's cold I'll be happy."
"Your unlucky day, then. These brutes take their draught piping." He made a motion to the bartender and spoke a few nonsensical words and the man at length eased off the barstool with a sigh and set about drawling two mugs of beer from a tap.
He sat the dinks before me and Wilson, who slipped him a crumpled banknote. I looked to my left and saw the men there, three gruff beasts in mustaches, eyeing me strangely.
"What's that language you're speaking?" I asked Wilson as he took a long pull from his mug. He then thumped it back to the bar with a stage sigh of satiation.
"Ah, that bastardization; I have no idea what they call it. It's a form German raped and pillaged by these wingless Russian Gypsies. Rather easy to learn if you have a useless afternoon and a fool fluent in it. I've only been speaking it since last week." Something in that last statement struck Wilson as funny, and he laughed heartily. I could feel the hot sting of the men looking at us, two foreigners speaking in secrecy.
"An entire language learned in the course of a single sitting," he hitched, "ah, but that goes to show you how easy it is."
He finished off his beer, sighed again as if he were a stoker freed onto the cool decks of a White Star Liner, and pushed his mug away. "So, tell me, why in the name of God are you out here? Certainly you weren't just out for a Sunday drive."
"No," I said grudgingly, knowing full well what most people thought of my curious pursuits, "I was researching my roots, so to speak, and heard about…"
"About? What did you hear about?" From the twinkle in Wilson's eyes, and the way that he leaned close as if I were a mortal enemy about to speak those two relinquishing words that ended rivalries, I could tell that he knew exactly what had drawn me to Kauftenyzysburg.
"The hysteria," I finally admitted.
Wilson laughed almost mockingly. "Yes, yes. The Hysteria. A proper title for a Gothic novel, isn't it? Well, feel not like a bleeding ghoul because that it why I am here. Though your intentions may be ghoulish, I don't really know. I am only ensuring that these monsters don't desecrate my sister, who married one of these imbeciles and lived in this lonely hill for twenty years. Last month she died of consumption after giving birth to her third mongrel Liechtensteiner. If you're the kind of poet I think that you are then you know well what morons say about people who die from that sort of thing."
"I'm terribly sorry about your sister," I offered weakly, not knowing how to respond to his tirade against the people of Liechtenstein, cut of the same cloth as I.
"Yes, me, too," he responded, much of his former gusto having been spent. He spoke to the bartender, who shortly brought him another drink. I had not even taken three sips of mine.
He upended his glass and came up for air with only a mouthful of beer left. He finished that off as well. "During the war, out of some misguided progressive sense of humanity, she joined a corps of women set on aiding the wounded and ill in the filthy armies of the enemy. In Somme, she met a so-called man half dead with the Spanish Flu and "fell in love." The war came to an end, the influenza departed, and she ran off to hell with him."
He leaned closer as if to impart a great secrete, and for the first time I noticed the foul stench of inebriation on his hot breath. "I had my problems with my sister, as did the whole family. That she was patching up the wounds and swabbing the foreheads of the enemy was taken as a slap in the face, but I loved her and I still do. She doesn't deserve this. Let these dogs burn their own lumps of flesh, but not her."
"Have they been digging bodies up?" I asked, almost desperate to change the subject.
"No, not here; that's tomorrow's work," Wilson said and laughed. "They don't want to start dragging the dead out of the ground until they know where the first vampyre is; they don't want to kill the wolf cubs whilst leaving the wolf. Lunacy, but rational in its own way, I suppose."
"So they're just going to…scour the countryside for the first vampyre?"
"No," Wilson said, "they're bringing in a dhampir."
The term seemed abstractly familiar to me, though its meaning eluded me. "A dhampir. What…what exactly is a dhampir?"
"Oh," Wilson dismissed, "more foolishness, worse even than the vampyre itself. The gypsies, great stock of people they are, believe a vampyre comes out of the ground with the libido of ten men. It then runs about the village raping until the sun comes up. A child can supposedly be born of such a rape, and the half-breed that comes out can sniff out vampyres like a bloodhound."
Wilson stopped and took another long drink.
"The closest one is coming in from Romania tomorrow; he'll point, say a few words and run off with their money. If you can bilk somebody by saying your squire was Stoker's Dracula, then go on and Godspeed."
For a long moment we sat with only the maddening tick of a clock upon the wall and the soft speech and raucous laughter of the other men. Thinking of what Wilson had said, I began to realize that the entire situation was more singular than I had at first suspected. Tight anticipation filled me on speculating what the masses in America and England would pay to read such an account as the one I would have. Weird Tales would surely be interested in the article, but I didn't have to settle for them. I could have it published in any number of far reaching and prestigious papers.
Wilson, who had previously been lolling at the bar, sat up straight and yawned. "I'm sorry if I have presented myself as a sot," he said, "but I needed the effects of the alcohol to dull me early, for I plan to rise at midnight and guard my sister's grave until this is over. I should have gone to the British embassy in Switzerland when I had the chance, but even before the funeral these leeches were talking insanity.
"I'll turn in now. If you would like to accompany me to the cemetery later you're more than welcome."
He stood and nearly toppled over. I stood and threw my arm around his back and under his armpit. The other men were looking almost disgustedly at us, their noses crinkled as if we stank. The barkeep muttered something to which Wilson responded, "Dirty louse," in perfect German. They clearly didn't understand, and I hastened to remove him from the bar before he could straighten out his languages and start a fight.
A narrow flight of stairs bathed in cold, gray evening light led up to what I presumed to be the inn. I and Wilson hobbled over to the foot of the stair arm-in-arm, but Wilson pushed me away. "Its fine, old man, I've got it from here. Come up behind me in case I fall back and I'll show you your room."
I followed Roger Wilson up the stairs, which bent once before letting out onto a long, gloomy hall of closed doors possibly protecting hideous secretes. Whereas it had been almost unpleasantly warm in the tavern, it was frigid upstairs. Several shadowy paintings hung upon the dusty walls between the doors, all of them seemingly grotesque and misshapen. I found it odd and frightening that there were so many rooms, all occupied, yet there seemed to be not a soul about.
"Here you are," Wilson said, stopping in front of a bland white door and patting it loudly with his open palm. The sound echoed in the cold vacuum. "The bathroom is down there," he pointed back down the hall which seemed dizzyingly long, "and they cook sometimes in the pub. Otherwise you'll have to buy something; a disgusting kielbasa no doubt."
Wilson bid me good day and stumbled several doors down from mine, where he kept his room. He opened the door with a key he produced from his hip pocket and stumblingly disappeared, leaving me alone in the hall.
In almost subconscious flight I hurried back downstairs and to my motor across the street. Shadows gathered all around in pools, seeming the dark gulfs that seamen spoke of with terror. I looked back down the sloping street at the countryside falling away; the rolling hills and clustered woodlands, the valleys and the farmland and the dusty ribbon of road twisting through, and was given the wondrous sense that I was looking upon a land hidden from the world and largely unchanged since the times of King Arthur and roving mongrel armies. I saw through a dusty, twilight window the distant past of Europe, Anglo-Saxondom and indeed all mankind. I caught my breath and turned from the panorama with a swelling pride.
I got my bag from the back of the motor and unfolded the canvas top. I hurried back into the inn as the last pretense of light bled from the day, my mind spinning with both what I had discovered of my homeland and of what I was to discover in the next twenty-four hours; I was already imagining how I would word my article on "dhampirs" and the continuing superstition in undeveloped Europe.
At my door, I realized that I had not acquired the key from the manger, and was forced to go back down into the bar to get it. The men had gone by this time, and the barkeep was the only soul in evidence. He sat on his stool, alone and drooping in silence now that his companions were gone. He looked up when he heard me but his bright face fell.
"I need the key," I said and made a turning motion. He considered what I had meant and nodded. He drew a rusted strongbox that I had not seen before to his side, opened it, removed a key between his sausage thumb-and-forefinger and held it out to me.
"You' f'iend… he does no like Ge'mans," he said in tender, labored English, throwing a start into me.
"No," I finally said, gauging from his wide, moist eyes that he meant harm to none, "I suppose he isn't too fond of us. Bad experiences, it seems."
"He been he'e close to a munt, an' he talk like that eve'ynight he get d'unk. No one he'e speak the English but me and he…he no know that."
"I'm terribly sorry," I stammered, desperate to get away. I plucked the key from him and handed over a few banknotes. "You have a good night."
He smiled and nodded.
I rushed back up to my room. In the hall I picked up my bag from where I had left it and opened the door with the key. In the ashy gloom I saw looming shapes that had to be a bed and a dresser, possibly a desk. Moving carefully so that I would not trip, I stepped into the room and sat my bag down onto the bed, bumping into the nightstand with a jarring clink of glass on glass. I sat down and felt like a blind man for the oil lamp. I was taken aback to find that it was not an oil lamp but rather merely a candle in a glass cone.
Resigning myself to the fact that I would have to spend a night in more primitive conditions than I was used to, I lit the candle with a match and kicked my shoes off. There was indeed a small desk along the far wall under a small mirror and a dresser under the open window. The curtain fluttered lazily in the breeze.
I lay for a long time with my hands laced atop my pulsating chest, my exciting reemergence into the literary world playing fluidly out on the backs of my eyelids.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
The first thing I was aware of was a soft whispering, the rustle of a passing lover's dress. It was dark and frigid in my room, my teeth chattered uncontrollably and my flesh was raked with chill blisters.
I turned over onto my stomach in a futile attempt to generate more warmth.
For a long time I lie awake and totally aware. Idly I listening to the noise which drifted through the wall as it got louder and louder, and I recognized voices.
"Bridget….you must."
"Please…come home."
Suddenly there was a jarring crash and a scream. I automatically jumped up from the bed as if spring-loaded and ran to the door, my heart pounding.
I listened to a moment until I heard the unmistakable sounds of a man screaming again, and then threw open the door and emerged into the hall, my heart pounding and my mouth dry.
It sounded as if the action were coming from Wilson's room.
Acting fast, I ran to his door and pounded with my fist. "Roger!" I cried, "Roger!"
From within he screamed again, imploringly. Rearing back, I rammed my shoulder into the door. The first hit knocked me back. I stumbled and fell against another door. My resolve redoubled, and I went at it again.
Wilson wailed.
"Damn it!" I yelled in frustration. Backing up a few steps, I pulled back my foot and slammed it into the door just above the knob. It popped easily open.
In the dark I was blind…the sound had been cut off as if by a lever. "Wilson!" I stammered into the black, my heart fluttering in my throat.
By now others were out in the hall grumbling angrily and seeking he who had awakened them.
I took another step, and my stockinged foot landed in something warm and wet.
My courage deserted me.
In the hall, the barkeep greeted me along with several other men. "Why happen?"
Panting, I pointed back into the dark.
The innkeeper produced an electric torch from the oversized pocket of his robe and switched it on. He shakily aimed it.
Cleaving through the darkness like an Arthurian sword, the beam revealed the horror that had been wrought upon Roger Wilson.
"Gott in Heaven!"
No further sleep was had at the inn that night. Those of us who had wakened, two in addition to me and the innkeeper, brewed a pot of coffee and commiserated.
The innkeeper finally went to summons the police and they at last came as dusty dawn was cresting in the east. There was no need for a stretcher: a ladle and a trashcan were sufficient.
None of us talked, the abhorrent brutality that we had seen sitting wet and heavy between us like some great, slippery sea-beast; we each saw in the others' haunted eyes the soupy mess that had become of Roger Wilson, and were repelled by one another.
Some horrors are too great to be spoken, some to be seen, and even some to be contemplated. I refused to let myself dwell on the gruesome scene, and on…possible suspects.
After the sad body and its dark, murmured accusations had been removed, I cast the whole affair into a bottomless pit and forsook in the name of my sanity the memory of poor Roger Wilson. The "dhampir" was coming soon; I would interview him about his "profession," leave, and then write my article in Berlin or on a Cunard Liner.
I had a light lunch in the tavern, which was crowded with many men all speaking loudly in their peculiar language, awaiting the "dhampir".
After I had eaten, I left the stuffy bar and went for a walk along the grand ancient street. My apprehension of the day before had evaporated, and the incident of that morning was far from my mind. I was lost in thought and daydreams when I heard the rumble of horses in the stillness. I abandoned my present route and ran back down the street, others emerging curiously from their doorways both behind and ahead of me. Where the street curves and becomes dirt I came to a halt, for in the distance I could see a dusty cloud arising through the treetops.
The dhampir.
To my horror I found that I had no notepad on me. I turned, pushed my way through the gawking crowd and ran back up the street to the inn, passing the innkeeper and his three friends from the night before. Through the door and the bar, up the stairs and into my room I ran, my legs seeming to go at the pace of a snail. In my room I rummaged through my pack for a pad, ripping clothes out and throwing them everywhere.
Finally I found the notebook with my current poems in it and ran back down the stairs, aware of time flowing past in waves.
Back on the street I was alone; most of the people had run down to the cemetery like thirsty bison to a watering hole. I saw that a black carriage pulled by two large beastly horses had stopped along the stretch of road near the cemetery, and ran myself.
The townspeople had clustered excitedly and curiously around the carriage, and a tall gaunt man standing in the driver's seat was urging them away by cracking his whip above their heads. He was dressed in a black top hat and a pair of dark blue cutaway tails.
Finally, as I was skidding to a breathless stop at the back of the crowd, the villagers got the man's point and began to back away.
The gaunt man stood against the milky with his arms outreached like a demented preacher and bellowed in the local language. A cheer rippled through the crowd.
He stepped down from his seat, ran a gloved hand over the velvety backs of one of the uneasy horses and disappeared around the other side. A pall of expectant quiet had descended over the townspeople; the tension was thick in the air.
The man emerged from the back of the carriage and moved slowly to the door. With an almost discernible intake of collected breath, he opened it and the dhampir stepped out.
When I saw the man, I was stunned by his unearthly beauty. He was no more than twenty-five, stood at an impressive height of six feet and wore an unruly mass of black hair atop his Roman face. He was dressed impeccably in the clothes of a gentleman, and bore himself as such.
He cast his glance over us, revealing that his eyes were an icy, placid blue. He said something in the perverted German, and a short fat man came forward and began to spill something abjectly out. For a moment after the man had finished the dhampir stood regal and emperor-like before stepping down from the ladder. He stood next to the gaunt man as the fat man and a young girl conversed with them.
"He say he smeel first vampi' al'eady," said a low, familiar voice from behind me. I turned on the innkeeper.
"What does he mean to do?" I asked in a similarly hushed tone.
"Say we dig up and kill died, he find the fathe' vampi'."
I was about to reply when the rich voice of the dhampir floated out over us again. I turned and watched as the fat man and the young girl led him to the iron gate. He stood still and rigid for a moment, grimly considering the moss covered tombstones slanted by the weight of years.
The fat man handed the dhampir a piece of paper which crinkled in the wind. The dhampir smoothed it out and looked at it before nodding.
Three strong men were taken by the fat man from the crowd and given shovels. They were each pointed to the graves they would be working on, and then went in ahead of the dhampir.
I watched with suspicion as the dhampir again consulted a piece of paper and then strode into the cemetery. He strolled along the many rows, resting a hand on each rough slab.
As I was about to ask the innkeeper just what the dhampir's routine was, I saw the man bend to touch a headstone and jerk back as if shocked. He called something to the fat man, who rushed into the cemetery with several other men. They gathered around the dhampir and looked down at the grave, confusion and terror coloring their faces.
The fat man looked up at us, cupped his mouth and shouted something.
"What did he say?" I asked the innkeeper.
"Men," said the innkeeper, "he need men digging."
I looked about myself, noticing supernatural terror on the faces of all the able bodied men.
"Tell him I'll help," I eagerly offered.
The innkeeper shouted back to the fat man, who smiled, nodded and beckoned.
"We and you go," said the innkeeper.
The people before me parted like the Red Sea allowing me and the innkeeper to pass.
We stepped through the gate and moved quickly and self-consciously toward where the dhampir stood, arms folded over his chest.
"Hello," he greeted me in perfect English, "I thank you for your help, Mr. Wimplinger."
I froze then; the innkeeper surely had not used my name…
because he told the fat man, and the fat man told the dhampir.
I took the dhampir's proffered hand with a fumbling preamble of my own.
With that done, I couldn't help myself magnetically beholding the archaic monument. I could only make out the dates: 1802-1838.
I was shaken from my introversion by the surly grunt of the fat man. I and the innkeeper took the shovels he handed us, and without further word we began to dig in the hard, unforgiving ground. The dhampir stood behind us with his arms crossed, exchanging small talk with the young girl, who had love in her eyes, I had noticed.
Soon we were digging at an angle, and then we were throwing our dirt up rather than away. Before long our spades scrapped wood, and I and the innkeeper threw our shovels away and nearly collapsed against one another.
The dhampir helped us up from the grave and climbed down in our stead. We watched as he sank to his knees, disregarding the mud as though it weren't there, and laid his hands on the splintered coffin.
Finally after what felt like an eon suspended, the dhampir brushed aside the worm inhabited mud clumps and tore the top half of the casket open as if it had been made of straw. All of us surrounding the grave peered over…
…and were confronted with the very face of madness itself. For in the that hole, unmolested for one-hundred-years, was the smooth, ruddy face of good health.
The innkeeper and I gasped in unison.
The dhampir said something to the others and then to me, "Go to the carriage and get the gasoline you find there. Bring it back here so that we can burn this…thing."
I licked my dry lips, the words coming from some outer plane. I finally tore my gaze away from the vampire, my heart stutteringly awakening.
"Go," he softly urged.
I obeyed and hurried to the carriage. The gaunt man must have known what I wanted, for without a word he handed me a sloshing metal canister.
Avoiding the questioning eyes of those in the crowd, I rushed back to the grave and handed the dhampir the gas. For a long moment, I stared down at the dark face of the…vampyre. I tried to tell myself that this was merely a case similar to the widely noted and baffling instances of saints dead and incorruptible for hundreds of years, but I knew better.
"I shall burn the corpse now," the dhampir said. I watched in a mixture of horror and wonder as he ritualistically splattered the entire can into the grave. He looked at me, his face calm, handsome and steady, and said, "The only true way to kill a vampyre is to burn it; that nonsense about the heart has gotten many men killed."
Remembering my pad from another dimension, I pulled it from my pocket as if I were in a dream and jotted that down.
"Holy items?"
"Yes, but only those pertaining to the Muslim faith."
I jotted that down as well.
"Ah, I hope you know that you cannot write down everything you see here."
I looked at the dhampir. "Why?"
"Some things are secret," he said simply, "like what happens when a dhampir kills a vampyre."
"What?"
"Just watch closely," he softly met my rambunctious gasp, "you'll see."
The dhampir produced a book of matches from his pocket, lit one and tossed it into the grave.
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